Masatoshi Esaki

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States

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Publications (3)19.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: During the budding of COPII vesicles from transitional ER (tER) sites, Sec16 has been proposed to play two distinct roles: negatively regulating COPII turnover, and organizing COPII assembly at tER sites. We tested these ideas using the yeast Pichia pastoris. Redistribution of Sec16 to the cytosol accelerates tER dynamics, supporting a negative regulatory role for Sec16. To evaluate a possible COPII organization role, we dissected the functional regions of Sec16. The central conserved domain (CCD), which had been implicated in coordinating COPII assembly, is actually dispensable for normal tER structure. An upstream conserved region (UCR) localizes Sec16 to tER sites. The UCR binds COPII components, and removal of COPII from tER sites also removes Sec16, indicating that COPII recruits Sec16 rather than the other way around. We propose that Sec16 does not in fact organize COPII. Instead, regulation of COPII turnover can account for the influence of Sec16 on tER sites.
    Molecular biology of the cell 09/2013; · 5.98 Impact Factor
  • Masatoshi Esaki, Yang Liu, Benjamin S Glick
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    ABSTRACT: In Pichia pastoris, coat protein complex II (COPII) vesicles form at discrete transitional ER (tER) sites. Analyzing COPII coat proteins in this yeast will help to reveal the mechanisms of tER organization. Here, we show that like Saccharomyces cerevisiae, P. pastoris contains essential SEC23 and SEC24 genes, as well as the non-essential SEC24 homolog LST1. In addition, P. pastoris contains a novel non-essential SEC23 homolog that we have designated SHL23. The products of all four genes are concentrated at tER sites. Deletion of SHL23 does not disrupt tER morphology. As judged by two-hybrid analysis, Sec23p associates with both Sec24p and Lst1p, whereas Shl23p associates selectively with Lst1p. These results suggest that P. pastoris COPII vesicles contain an Shl23p/Lst1p complex that is absent in S. cerevisiae.
    FEBS Letters 11/2006; 580(22):5215-21. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proteins are exported from the ER at transitional ER (tER) sites, which produce COPII vesicles. However, little is known about how COPII components are concentrated at tER sites. The budding yeast Pichia pastoris contains discrete tER sites and is, therefore, an ideal system for studying tER organization. We show that the integrity of tER sites in P. pastoris requires the peripheral membrane protein Sec16. P. pastoris Sec16 is an order of magnitude less abundant than a COPII-coat protein at tER sites and seems to show a saturable association with these sites. A temperature-sensitive mutation in Sec16 causes tER fragmentation at elevated temperature. This effect is specific because when COPII assembly is inhibited with a dominant-negative form of the Sar1 GTPase, tER sites remain intact. The tER fragmentation in the sec16 mutant is accompanied by disruption of Golgi stacks. Our data suggest that Sec16 helps to organize patches of COPII-coat proteins into clusters that represent tER sites. The Golgi disruption that occurs in the sec16 mutant provides evidence that Golgi structure in budding yeasts depends on tER organization.
    Current Biology 09/2005; 15(16):1439-47. · 9.49 Impact Factor