[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the case for a dark matter detector with directional sensitivity. This document was developed at the 2009 CYGNUS workshop on directional dark matter detection, and contains contributions from theorists and experimental groups in the field. We describe the need for a dark matter detector with directional sensitivity; each directional dark matter experiment presents their project's status; and we close with a feasibility study for scaling up to a one ton directional detector, which would cost around $150M. Comment: 48 pages, 37 figures, whitepaper on direct dark matter detection with directional sensitivity
International Journal of Modern Physics A 01/2010; 25(1). DOI:10.1142/S0217751X10048172 · 1.70 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fabrication and cold tests of 32 superconducting combined function magnets including 4 backup magnets for the J-PARC neutrino have been completed. All the magnets reached 7700 A, 105% of maximum operation current, without any spontaneous quenches. Quench protection performance was also confirmed to be safe. In the field measurement during cold tests, all the magnets showed sufficient field quality to fulfill the specification. Reproducibility of the field quality was evaluated to be about the same order of that observed in ordinary cos-thetas magnets, indicating good manufacturing reproducibility.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A superconducting magnet system for the J-PARC neutrino beam line has been under construction since 2004. The system consists of 14 doublet cryostats; each contains 2 combined function magnets (SCFM). The SCFM uses two single layer left/right asymmetric coils that produce a dipole field of 2.6 T and quadrupole of 19 T/m. The SCFMs had been developed by 2004, mass-produced since 2005, and completed by summer 2008. The system is being installed since Feb. 2008 till the end of 2008. The paper summarizes the system overview including cryogenics and safety peripheries. The paper also reports the production and installation status.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Super-KEKB is designed to be a next generation particle accelerator with a target luminosity of 4 times 10<sup>35</sup> cm<sup>-2</sup>s<sup>-1</sup>. For the interaction region, a final focus quadrupole R&D magnet was designed and constructed. The design field gradient and effective magnetic length were 40.12 T/m and 0.299 m, respectively. The magnet consists of 6 layer coils. After construction, the magnet was tested at 4.2 K and a preliminary field measurement was performed. The magnet was energized to a current of 1800 A, which corresponds to 95.8% of the conductor limit, and the quadrupole component error was 0.23 % of the design value.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic field measurements have been performed for the first full-scale magnet system assembled with the cryostat for the J-PARC proton beam line of neutrino experiment. In the measurement system, the probe position with respect to magnet central axis is measured by a Helium Neon laser and a position sensitive detector, PSD, in order to obtain an exact dipole field strength. Errors associated with the PSD misalignment and influences on the PSD signals by the magnetic field were evaluated. The measured dipole components approached to the design values by compensating those with the probe position. The latest beam simulation indicated that the measured values of magnetic field were good enough for the primary proton beam transport.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Superconducting combined function magnets for the J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) neutrino experiment have been successfully developed at High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, KEK. The first prototype magnet reassembled for the quench protection studies, and the cold test result indicated that the eight quench protection heaters are effective for the safe protection of the magnet. Three production magnets have been fabricated and tested at 4.5 K, 1 atm, in a vertical cryostat, and the excellent excitation and quench performances are observed. In the field measurement during cold tests, all the magnets indicated the field qualities good enough to fulfill the specification. The field measurement at room temperature has been also performed with the three production magnets for checking the dipole field component. The results are consistent with the computation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first full-scale prototype magnet system assembled with the cryostat for the J-PARC proton beam line of neutrino experiment was successfully developed and tested. Two superconducting combined function magnets have been installed into the cryostat. The magnets were successfully cooled down to 4.5 K by forced flow supercritical helium and excited up to the current of 7345 A which is the nominal current of 50 GeV proton beam. The spot heater quench test showed that the quench characteristics in the supercritical helium were very similar to that in the liquid helium at 4.2 K, 1 atm. The quench protection scheme with both cold diodes and quench protection heaters was tested, and it has been verified that the magnet can be protected with safe margin.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Superconducting combined function magnets are adopted for the 50 GeV, 750 kW proton beam line for the J-PARC neutrino experiment, and two full-scale prototype magnets have been developed successfully at KEK. In the cold tests, both prototypes were excited up to 7700 A without spontaneous quenches. The measured field quality of the both prototypes agreed well with the design field, indicating that the fabrication process has no major problem. The heater quench tests of the first prototype, however, showed that the magnet was not self-protected. Consequently, the design was revised and quench protection heaters were adopted. In quench heater tests of the second prototype magnet using small sheet heaters, the fundamental characteristics of the quench protection heaters were studied
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-performance superconducting quadrupole magnets, MQXA, for the LHC low-beta insertions have been designed, manufactured in series and tested. The design field gradient of the quadrupole, which has a coil aperture of diameter 70 mm, was 240 T/m at 1.9 K; its effective length is 6.37 m, and it is required to operate reliably at up to 215 T/m when subjected to radiation heat deposit in the coils of up to 5 W/m. The series of 20 magnets has been produced in industry, and tested at KEK. The magnet design is explained, and the construction and performance of the series units, in terms of training, field quality and geometry, are presented.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 09/2005; 550(3-550):499-513. DOI:10.1016/j.nima.2005.04.092 · 1.22 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The J-PARC Neutrino Experiment, the construction of which starts in JFY 2004, will use a superconducting magnet system for its primary proton beam line. The system, which bends the 50 GeV 0.75 MW proton beam by about 80 degrees, consists of 28 superconducting combined function magnets. The magnets utilize single layer left/right asymmetric coils that generate a dipole field of 2.6 T and a quadrupole field of 18.6 T/m with the operation current of about 7.35 kA. The system also contains a few conduction cooled superconducting corrector magnets that serve as vertical and horizontal steering magnets. All the magnets are designed to provide a physical beam aperture of 130 mm in order to achieve a large beam acceptance. Extensive care is also required to achieve safe operation with the high power proton beam. The paper summarizes the system design as well as some safety analysis results.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The inner triplet quadrupole magnets (MQXA) for the LHC low-beta insertion have been developed. The quadrupoles provide a field gradient of 215 T/m at 1.9 K in a coil aperture of 70 mm diameter and with an effective magnetic length of 6.37 m. The series of 20 magnets have been produced in industry, and full testing has been done at KEK. We present an overview of the production and the results from mechanical and magnetic measurements.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Superconducting combined function magnets will be utilized for the 50 GeV, 750 kW proton beam line for the J-PARC neutrino experiment and an R&D program has been launched at KEK. The magnet is designed to provide a combined function of a dipole field of 2.6 T with a quadrupole field of 19 T/m in a coil aperture of 173.4 mm. Critical magnet components including glass-fiber reinforced phenolic plastic spacers have been successfully developed. The mechanical design has been verified by a 100 mm long short-cut model, and coils have been wound for the first full-length prototype.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Superconducting combined function magnets will be utilized for the 50 GeV, 750 kW proton beam line for the J-PARC neutrino experiment. The magnet is designed to provide a dipole field of 2.6 T combined with a quadrupole field of 19 T/m in a coil aperture of 173.4 mm at a nominal current of 7345 A. Two full-scale prototype magnets to verify the magnet performance were successfully developed. The first prototype experienced no training quench during the excitation test and good field quality was confirmed.
Particle Accelerator Conference, 2005. PAC 2005. Proceedings of the; 06/2005
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Superconducting combined function magnets will be utilized for the 50 GeV-750 kW proton beam line for the J-PARC neutrino experiment and an R&D program has been launched at KEK. The magnet is designed to provide a combined function with a dipole field of 2.59 T and a quadrupole field of 18.7 T/m in a coil aperture of 173.4 mm. A single layer coil is proposed to reduce the fabrication cost and the coil arrangement in the 2D cross-section results in left-right asymmetry. This paper reports the design study of the magnet.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A neutrino oscillation experiment using the J-PARC 50 GeV 0.75 MW proton beam is planned as a successor to the K2K project currently being operated at KEK. A superconducting magnet system is required for the arc section of the primary proton beam line to be within the space available at the site. A system with 28 combined function magnets is proposed to simplify the system and optimize the cost. The required fields for the magnets are 2.6 T dipole and 19 T/m quadrupole. The magnets are also required to have a large aperture, 173.4 mm diameter, to accommodate the large beam emittance. The magnets will be protected by cold diodes and cooled by forced flow supercritical helium produced by a 4.5 K, 2∼2.5 kW refrigerator. This paper reports the system overview and the design status.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The MQXA superconducting low-beta quadrupole magnets for the LHC interaction regions are required to generate a field gradient of up to 215 T/m at 1.9 K along an effective magnetic length of 6.37 m. After completion of an R&D program on short models and full length prototypes, the series production of magnets has started, with to date five series magnets subsequently tested at KEK. Basic characteristics such as normal training, subsequent full energy dump, thermal cycle, ramp rate dependence and temperature dependence have been studied and results indicate that magnets have satisfactory quench performance. Magnetic field measurements performed at 1.9 K show the field quality to be uniform and to satisfy the stringent beam optics requirements.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: KEK has developed a superconducting quadrupole magnet, MQXA, for the LHC interaction region. This magnet is required to generate an operating field gradient of 215 T/m in the magnet bore of 70 mm and have an effective magnetic length of 6.37 m. For the accelerator operation, sixteen MQXA magnets will be installed in total for four interaction regions, and the cold tests of ten MQXA magnets of them have been completed. These ten magnets had good quench performance and satisfactory field quality for the requirement of beam optics. This paper describes the production quality and the magnet performance of the MQXA magnets.
Particle Accelerator Conference, 2003. PAC 2003. Proceedings of the; 06/2003
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The development of the LHC low-beta insertion quadrupole magnets has been conducted at KEK since 1996. After the successful development of short model magnets, the first prototype magnet has been built by Toshiba and is tested at KEK. Although the quench performance and the field quality of the magnet are satisfactory, a design problem is found in one of the end spacers. The problem increases the risk of a turn-to-turn and in fact causes shorts in the second prototype magnet, and in the trial coil of the first production magnet. The design is modified and the problem appears to be resolved. The construction of the production magnets is now started and lasts till the summer of 2004.