Ming Zhou

South Central College, Central, Louisiana, United States

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Publications (181)540.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is closely associated with tumorigenesis and development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. It has been recently reported that EBV encodes 44 mature miRNAs, some of which were found to promote tumor development by targeting virus-infected host genes or self-viral genes. However, few targets of EBV encoded-miRNAs that are related to NPC development have been identified to date. In this study, we revealed that in NPC cells, EBV-miR-BART10-3p directly targets BTRC gene that encodes βTrCP (beta-transducin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase). We found that EBV-miR-BART10-3p expression in clinical samples from a cohort of 106 NPC patients negatively correlated with BTRC expression levels. Over-expression of EBV-miR-BART10-3p and down-regulation of BTRC were associated with poor prognosis in NPC patients. EBV-miR-BART10-3p promoted the invasion and migration cabilities of NPC cells through the targeting of BTRC and regulation of the expression of the downstream substrates β-catenin and Snail. As a result, EBV-miR-BART10-3p facilitated epithelial-mesenchymal transition of NPC. Our study presents an unreported mechanism underlying EBV infection in NPC carcinogenesis, and provides a potential novel biomarker for NPC diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.
    Oncotarget 10/2015; DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.6155 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported that p53 dysfunction is closely related to the carcinogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Recently, an increasing body of evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in p53-associated signaling pathways and, in addition to mRNAs, form a complex regulation network to promote tumor occurrence and progression. The aim of this study was to elucidate the p53-regulated miRNAs, mRNAs, and lncRNAs and their regulating networks in NPC. Firstly, we overexpressed p53 in the NPC cell line HNE2 and performed transcriptomic gene expression profiling (GEP) analysis, which included miRNAs, mRNAs, and lncRNAs, using microarray technology at 0, 12, 24, and 48 h after transfection. There were 38 miRNAs (33 upregulated and 5 downregulated), 2107 mRNAs (296 upregulated and 1811 downregulated), and 1190 lncRNAs (133 upregulated and 1057 downregulated) that were significantly dysregulated by p53. Some of the dysregulated molecules were confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Then, we integrated previously published miRNAs, mRNAs, and lncRNAs GEP datasets from NPC biopsies to investigate the expression of these p53 regulated molecules and found that 7 miRNAs, 218 mRNAs, and 101 lncRNAs regulated by p53 were also differentially expressed in NPC tissues. Finally, p53-regulated miRNA, mRNA, and lncRNA networks were constructed using bioinformatics methods. These miRNAs, mRNAs, and lncRNAs may participate in p53 downstream signaling pathways and play important roles in the carcinogenesis of NPC. Thorough investigations of their biological functions and regulating relationships will provide a novel view of the p53 signaling pathway, and the restoration of p53 functioning or its downstream gene regulating network is potentially of great value in treating NPC patients.
    Tumor Biology 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-4156-x · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single-crystalline anatase TiO2 nanobelts with a dominant surface of the {101} facet were hydrogenated and used as substrates of platinum for methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). The hydrogenated TiO2 anatase{101} supporting Pt exhibits a 228% increase of current density for methanol oxidation compared with the same system without hydrogenation under dark conditions. The synergetic interactions of hydrogenated anatase{101} with the Pt cluster were investigated through first principles calculations, and found that the hydrogenation shifts the conduction band minimum to the Fermi level of pristine TiO2, and reduces the activation barrier for methanol dissociation considerably. Thus, this work provides an experimental and theoretical basis for developing non-carbon substrates with high electro-catalytic activity toward MOR.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 10/2015; 17(43). DOI:10.1039/c5cp05018a · 4.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BRD7 is a single bromodomain-containing protein that functions as a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex to regulate transcription. It also interacts with the well-known tumor suppressor protein p53 to trans-activate genes involved in cell cycle arrest. In this paper, we report an integrative analysis of genome-wide chromatin occupancy of BRD7 by chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) and digital gene expression (DGE) profiling by RNA-sequencing upon the overexpression of BRD7 in human cells. We localized 156 BRD7-binding peaks representing 184 genes by ChIP-sequencing, and most of these peaks were co-localized with histone modification sites. Four novel motifs were significantly represented in these BRD7-enriched regions. Ingenuity pathway analysis revealed that 22 of these BRD7 target genes were involved in a network regulating cell death and survival. DGE profiling identified 560 up-regulated genes and 1088 down-regulated genes regulated by BRD7. Using Gene Ontology and pathway analysis, we found significant enrichment of the cell cycle and apoptosis pathway genes. For the integrative analysis of the ChIP-seq and DEG data, we constructed a regulating network of BRD7 downstream genes, and this network suggests multiple feedback regulations of the pathways. Furthermore, we validated BIRC2, BIRC3, TXN2, and NOTCH1 genes as direct, functional BRD7 targets, which were involved in the cell cycle and apoptosis pathways. These results provide a genome-wide view of chromatin occupancy and the gene regulation network of the BRD7 signaling pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11010-015-2568-y · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer has become the leading cause of cancer-related death among women. A large number of patients become resistant to drug chemotherapy. Paclitaxel (Taxol) is an effective chemotherapeutic agent used to treat cancer patients. Taxol has been widely used in human malignancies including breast cancer because it can stabilize microtubules resulting in cell death by causing an arrest during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 antagonist killer 1 (Bak) plays an important role in Taxol-induced apoptosis in breast cancer. In our present study, we investigated the expression of the Bak protein and clinicopathological correlations in a large sample of breast cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry. We found that the percentage of high scores of Bak expression in breast cancer was significantly lower than that of the non-cancerous breast control tissue. In addition, lower Bak expression was positively associated with the clinical TNM stage of breast cancer with a significant decrease in overall survival compared with those with higher Bak expression especially in the Luminal and HER2 subtypes. Importantly, higher Bak expression predicted a favorable clinical outcome in the cases treated with Taxol indicated by a higher overall survival than that of patients with lower Bak expression especially in Luminal and HER2 subtypes. Furthermore, these results were confirmed in vitro since overexpression of Bak sensitized breast cancer cells to Taxol by inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis; in contrast, downregulation of Bak through siRNA transfection inhibited Taxol induced-apoptosis. Therefore, our results demonstrate that Bak acts as a sensitive biomarker and favorable prognostic factor for Taxol treatment in breast cancer. The restoration of Bak expression would be therapeutically beneficial for Taxol resistant breast cancer patients.
    PLoS ONE 09/2015; 10(9):e0138955. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0138955 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is an aggressive disease that continues to have a daunting impact on global health. Fra-1 (FOSL1) plays important roles in oncogenesis in various malignancies. We investigated the expression of Fra-1 in gastric cancer (GC) tissues by qPCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot technologies. The results showed that Fra-1 was overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues compared with the adjacent non‑cancerous tissues. To explore the possible mechanism of Fra-1 in GC, we elucidated the effect of Fra-1 in the apoptosis and cell cycle of gastric cancer cells, AGS, and found that a considerable decrease in apoptotic cells and increase of S phase rate were observed for AGS cells with Fra-1 overexpession. We identified and confirmed that Fra-1 affected the expression level of CTTN and EZR in vitro through LC-MS/MS analyses and western blot technology. Furthermore, we found that Fra-1 was correlated with dysregulation PI3K/Akt and p53 signaling pathway in gastric cancer tissues in vitro. Moreover, we found that Fra-1 overexpression affected the expression of PI3K, Akt, MDM2 and p53 in vivo. In summary, our results suggest that Fra-1 is upregulated in gastric cancer tissues and plays its function by affecting the PI3K/Akt and p53 signaling pathway in gastric cancer.
    International Journal of Oncology 09/2015; 47(5). DOI:10.3892/ijo.2015.3146 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cluster of differentiation 90 (CD90) (Thy-1) plays important roles in the oncogenesis in various types of malignancies. In the present study, we investigated the expression of CD90 in gastric cancer (GC) tissues by q-PCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and western blot technologies. The results showed that CD90 was overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues compared with the level in the adjacent non‑cancerous tissues. To explore the possible mechanism of CD90 in GC, we elucidated the effect of CD90 on the apoptosis of AGS gastric cancer cells, and found that a considerable decrease in apoptotic cells was observed for AGS cells with CD90 overexpression. Meanwhile, the rate of apoptotic cells was increased in the AGS cells with CD90 interference (siCD90) compared with that in the AGS cells. Cell apoptosis is closely related to a reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and an increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium ion (Ca2+) concentrations. Our results showed that overexpression of CD90 in the AGS gastric cancer cells led to an increase in ΔΨm and a decrease in intracellular ROS and Ca2+ concentrations. At the same time, siCD90 reduced ΔΨm and the increase in intracellular ROS and Ca2+ concentrations. Furthermore, we identified and confirmed that CD90 functions by modulating the expression level of secreted protein, acidic, cysteine‑rich (osteonectin) (SPARC) in vitro through LC‑MS/MS analyses and western blot technology. In summary, our results suggest that CD90 is upregulated in gastric cancer and inhibits gastric cancer cell apoptosis by modulating the expression level of SPARC protein.
    Oncology Reports 09/2015; 34(5). DOI:10.3892/or.2015.4243 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Water oxidation is a critical step in water splitting to make hydrogen fuel. We report a hybrid material consisting of NiCoO2 nanowires grown on carbon fiber paper (denoted as NiCoO2@CFP) as a highly efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalyst. In 0.1 M KOH, the highly nanostructured NiCoO2 catalyst presents a small overpotential of ∼0.303 V at a current density of 10 mA cm−2 and a low Tafel slope of ∼57 mV dec−1, comparable to the commercial precious RuO2 catalyst. Such a good performance for OER may be attributed to the NaCl-type structure of the NiCoO2 nanowires and CFP substrate, which can boost the formation of active Ni-Co layered hydroxide/oxyhydroxide species during the catalysis process. Additionally, the aligned 3D structure of NiCoO2@CFP plays an important role in the high catalytic activity for OER. These merits combined with the satisfactory stability of the hybrid material indicate that it is a promising material for water oxidation.
    Electrochimica Acta 08/2015; 174. DOI:10.1016/j.electacta.2015.05.159 · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as a major regulator of cancer. Significant fraction of lncRNAs is represented on widely used microarray platforms; however, many of which have no known function. To discover novel lung cancer-related lncRNAs, we analyzed the lncRNA expression patterns in five sets of previously published lung cancer gene expression profile data that were represented on Affymetrix HG-U133 Plus 2.0 array, and identified dysregulated lncRNAs in lung cancer. One lncRNA, actin filament associated protein 1 antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1), was the most significantly upregulated in lung cancer and associated with poor prognosis. In vitro experiments demonstrated that AFAP1-AS1 knockdown significantly inhibited the cell invasive and migration capability in lung cancer cells. AFAP1-AS1 knockdown also increased the expression of its antisense protein coding gene, actin filament associated protein 1 (AFAP1), and affected the expression levels of several small GTPase family members and molecules in the actin cytokeratin signaling pathway, which suggested that AFAP1-AS1 promoted cancer cell metastasis via regulation of actin filament integrity. Our findings extend the number of noncoding RNAs functionally implicated in lung cancer progression and highlight the role of AFAP1-AS1 as potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target of lung cancer.
    Tumor Biology 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s13277-015-3860-x · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • Xiaoxing Zhang · Jing Tie · Qinchuan Chen · Peng Xiao · Ming Zhou ·
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of partial discharge and analysis of SF6 gas components in gas-insulated switchgear are important for diagnosis and operating state assessment of power equipment. The gas-sensing properties of the existing TiO2 nanotube (TiO2NT) array-based and the Pt-doped TiO2NT-based sensors were investigated for the components of SF6 decomposition. Four sensors with different amounts of Pt-doped TiO2NTs are prepared using constant current method. The sensing responses of the sensors to the main decomposition gases of SF6 (i.e., SO2, SOF2 and SO2F2) are examined, and the gas-sensing characteristic curves are comparatively analyzed. In addition, the mechanisms of the sensitive responses are discussed. Results show that a higher doping amount of Pt benefits the detection of SO2F2, whereas a lower doping amount is suitable for detecting SO2, which is similar with the capabilities of the intrinsic TiO2NT sensor. Moreover, the working temperature of the Pt-doped TiO2NT sensor is lower than that of the intrinsic TiO2NT sensor.
    IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 06/2015; 22(3):1559-1566. DOI:10.1109/TDEI.2015.7116351 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Altered expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) associated with human carcinogenesis. We performed a cDNA microarray analysis of lncRNA expression in 12 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and 4 non-tumor nasopharyngeal epitheliums. One lncRNA, actin filament associated protein 1 antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1), was identified and selected for further study. AFAP1-AS1 expression was upregulated in NPC and associated with NPC metastasis and poor prognosis. In vitro experiments demonstrated that AFAP1-AS1 knockdown significantly inhibited the NPC cell migration and invasive capability. AFAP1-AS1 knockdown also increased AFAP1 protein expression. Proteomic and bioinformatics analyses suggested that AFAP1-AS1 affected the expression of several small GTPase family members and molecules in the actin cytokeratin signaling pathway. AFAP1-AS1 promoted cancer cell metastasis via regulation of actin filament integrity. AFAP1-AS1 might be a potential novel marker that can predict cancer patient prognosis and as a potential therapeutic target for NPC.
    Oncotarget 05/2015; 6(24). DOI:10.18632/oncotarget.4057 · 6.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies indicate that the natural immune-related protein short palate, lung, and nasal epithelium clone 1 (SPLUNC1) plays an antitumor role in nasopharyngeal epithelial tissue. However, the detailed mechanism of the tumor-suppressor effect of SPLUNC1 in the inflammatory microenvironment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to explore how SPLUNC1 reduces the inflammatory response of NPC cells infected with EBV by regulating the Toll-like receptor (TLR)9/NF-κB signaling pathway. As detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting, SPLUNC1 protein expression exhibited low or negative expression in the NPC epithelial samples/cells, while it demonstrated positive expression in normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissues/cells; this pattern of expression was the contrary to that of TLR9. The poorly differentiated HNE2 cell line had the highest efficiency of transfer of infection with EBV by 'cell-to-cell' contact method. The group of EBV-infected HNE2 cells showed significantly higher activation of the expression of TLR9/NF-κB signaling pathway-associated factors (TLR9, CD14, MyD88, IKK, P-IKβα, P-NF-κB and NF-κB). The levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α in the HNE2 cell group after EBV infection were higher than these levels in the uninfected cell group (P<0.05); Meanwhile, after EBV infection, the expression levels of TLR9/NF-κB pathway associated-protein and inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α in the HNE2/SPLUNC1 cell group were lower than these levels in the HNE2/Vector cell group (P<0.05). After EBV-DNA direct transfection, cytokine mRNA expression levels of TLR9, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α in the HNE2 cell group were significantly higher than these levels in the NP69 cell group (P<0.05). The expression levels of these cytokines in the HNE2/SPLUNC1 cell group were obviously lower than these levels in the HNE2/Vector cell group (P<0.05). These results suggest that EBV infection of NPC cells can activate the TLR9/NF-κB signaling pathway, promote the release of inflammatory cytokines and consequently enhance the inflammatory response, while SPLUNC1 can weaken the inflammatory response induced by EBV infection in NPC cells through the regulation of the TLR9/NF-κB signaling pathway and control of the tumor inflammatory microenvironment.
    Oncology Reports 04/2015; 33(6). DOI:10.3892/or.2015.3913 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dimensionality and rational design of electrode architectures play a crucial role in determining materials' fundamental properties and the electrochemical performance of supercapacitor. For a proof-of-concept, Ni–Co layered double hydroxides (LDH), NiCo2O4 and NiCo2S4 nanosheets supported on carbon fiber paper (CFP) substrate are prepared by simple hydrothermal methods in this work. When tested as the pseudo-capacitor positive electrode, the self-support nanosheets on CFP demonstrate good performance and rate capability as well as excellent cycling life, which contributes to the unique hierarchical nanosheets structure supported on 3D conductive CFP substrate with open permeable channels, facilitating electrolyte penetration and ensuring more efficient ion diffusion and faster electron transport. The asymmetric supercapacitor based on pseudocapacitance of both electrodes is further first realized by using NiCo2S4 nanosheets and FeOOH nanorods as positive and negative materials, respectively. The obtained device can deliver a maximum power density of 8.6 kW kg−1 and energy density of 45.9 Wh kg−1 and even after 10000 reversible cycles at a cell voltage of 1.6 V in aqueous electrolyte, there still retained 86.4% of its initial capacitance.
    Electrochimica Acta 04/2015; 161. DOI:10.1016/j.electacta.2015.02.076 · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BRD7 is a bromodomain-containing protein (BCP), and recent evidence implicates the role of BCPs in the initiation and development of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, few studies have investigated the biological functions of BRD7 in the central nervous system. In our study, BRD7 was found to be widely expressed in various regions of the mouse brain, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), caudate putamen (CPu), hippocampus (Hip), midbrain (Mb), cerebellum (Cb), and mainly co-localized with neuron but not with glia. Using a BRD7 knockout mouse model and a battery of behavioral tests, we report that disruption of BRD7 results in impaired cognitive behavior, leaving the emotional behavior unaffected. Moreover, a series of proteins involved in synaptic plasticity were decreased in the medial prefrontal cortex and there was a concomitant decrease in neuronal spine density and dendritic branching in the medial prefrontal cortex. However no significant difference was found in the hippocampus compared to the wild-type mice. Thus, BRD7 might play a critical role in the regulation of synaptic plasticity and affect cognitive behavior. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Behavioural Brain Research 02/2015; 286. DOI:10.1016/j.bbr.2015.02.031 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    Qingqing Zhang · Ming Zhou ·
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    ABSTRACT: A ratiometric pH probe composed of a fluorescein moiety and an ionic near-infrared-emitting phosphorescent cyclometalated iridium(III) complex bis(6-(benzo[b]thien-2-yl)phenanthridinato)(4-(3-carboxypropyl)-4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine)iridium(III) was synthesized. With good cell permeability, the probe demonstrated a linear ratiometric response to the pH variation in the physiological range in HeLa cell assay.
    Talanta 01/2015; 131C:666-671. DOI:10.1016/j.talanta.2014.08.039 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The proto-oncogene c-Myc encodes a transcription factor that is involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Several studies indicate that the over-expression of c-Myc is a frequent genetic abnormality in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Therefore, specifically reducing its level by genetic means in established NPC cell lines helps to better understand its role in the pathogenesis of NPC. In this study, we, for the first time, successfully established and characterized NPC 5-8F cell lines with stably suppressed c-Myc expression by employing a DNA-based RNA interference approach. The suppression of c-Myc resulted in reduced cell growth, colony formation, and cell cycle progression in 5-8F cells. In vivo tumor formation assays revealed that the knockdown of c-Myc reduced the tumorigenic potential of 5-8F cells in nude mice. At the molecular level, we found that the knockdown of c-Myc could decrease the expression of several critical molecules involved in the Cdk/Rb/E2F pathway, including CDK4, cyclin D1, CDK2, pRb, E2F3, and DP2, and significantly reduce the promoter activity of cyclin D1. Taken together, these findings provide valuable mechanistic insights into the role of c-Myc in nasopharyngeal carcinogenesis and suggest that the knockdown of c-Myc may be a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of NPC. © The Author 2015. Published by ABBS Editorial Office in association with Oxford University Press on behalf of the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 01/2015; 47(3). DOI:10.1093/abbs/gmu129 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imaging agents that enable direct detection of apoptosis are highly desirable in the field of monitoring chemotherapeutic response as well as early diagnosis and disease monitoring. Previous work demonstrated that the dansyled amino acid DNSBA is used to specifically and selectively detect apoptotic cancer cells at the both early and late stages, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this work, we evaluated DNSBA as a tool for monitoring cell apoptosis in CNE1 tumor cell models both in vitro and ex vivo after its in vivo administration, which was confirmed by other assays. The ability of DNSBA to detect multiple pathways and different stages of apoptosis leading to cell death may be advantageous in the evaluation of cancer treatment indicative of a positive therapeutic outcome. The uptake change of molecular probes DNSBA in CNE1 cells represented the changes of apoptotic rate in a caspase-dependent manner. However, the accumulation of DNSBA in apoptotic cells did not increase with the enhanced membrane permeability. Furthermore, ex vivo study demonstrated DNSBA has a similar pattern as the TUNEL-positive cells. In conclusion, DNSBA cellular imaging is useful for the early assessment of treatment-induced apoptosis, and thus may act as a substitute for Annexin V for assessing treatment response.
    APOPTOSIS 01/2015; 20(3). DOI:10.1007/s10495-014-1075-z · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    Yuyang Zhou · Wanfei Li · Linpo Yu · Yang Liu · Xiaomei Wang · Ming Zhou ·
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    ABSTRACT: A series of cyclometalated iridium(iii) complexes with 2-phenylquinoline ligand () were designed and synthesized, which were thoroughly investigated by the photophysics, electrochemistry, theoretical calculations and electrochemiluminescence (ECL). By incorporating methyl groups into the 2-phenylquinoline, the corresponding complexes and displayed lower oxidative potential and higher HOMO energy levels. Most importantly, compared with tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(ii) ([Ru(bipy)3](2+)), these iridium(iii) complexes demonstrated more intense ECL in acetonitrile solutions.
    Dalton Transactions 12/2014; 44(4). DOI:10.1039/c4dt02809k · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ni-based bimetallic alloys have superior physiochemical characteristics compared to monometallic Ni. In this study, new type of low cost bimetallic NimCon (n+m=4) electrocatalysts with high active surface were synthesized on Ti substrate through a hydrogen evolution assisted electrodeposition method. The as-prepared NimCon were characterized by XRD, EDS and SEM. It was revealed that the composition, surface morphology as well as the crystal phase structure of the bimetallic NimCon electrocatalysts were significantly changed with the increased content of cobalt. Electrochemical measurements showed that the bimetallic NimCon catalysts, compared with the monometallic Ni, have superior catalytic activity and stability toward the methanol electrooxidation reaction (MOR). Additionally, Ni2Co2 sample presented the highest oxidation current density and the best durability. The mechanism study based on electrochemical experiments and density functional theory based calculations showed that the doping of Co in NimCon can signally improve the surface coverage of the redox species, weaken the CO adsorption, as well as adjust the CH3OH adsorption. Such understanding is of important directive significance to design efficient non-precious catalysts.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12/2014; 7(1). DOI:10.1021/am506554b · 6.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs participate in all steps of cancer initiation and progression by regulating protein-coding genes at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and post-transcriptional levels. Long non-coding RNAs are in turn regulated by other genes, forming a complex regulatory network. The regulation networks between the p53 tumor suppressor and these RNAs in nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the regulatory roles of the TP53 gene in regulating long non-coding RNA expression profiles and to study the function of a TP53-regulated long non-coding RNA (LOC401317) in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2. Long non-coding RNA expression profiling indicated that 133 long non-coding RNAs were upregulated in the human NPC cell line HNE2 cells following TP53 overexpression, while 1057 were downregulated. Among these aberrantly expressed long non-coding RNAs, LOC401317 was the most significantly upregulated one. Further studies indicated that LOC401317 is directly regulated by p53 and that ectopic expression of LOC401317 inhibits HNE2 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. LOC401317 inhibited cell cycle progression by increasing p21 expression and decreasing cyclin D1 and cyclin E1 expression and promoted apoptosis through the induction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and caspase-3 cleavage. Collectively, these results suggest that LOC401317 is directly regulated by p53 and exerts antitumor effects in HNE2 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.
    PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e110674. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110674 · 3.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
540.36 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • South Central College
      Central, Louisiana, United States
  • 2011-2015
    • Chongqing University
      • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2008-2015
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • • Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry
      • • Graduate School
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2002-2015
    • Central South University
      • • Cancer Research Institute
      • • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2001-2015
    • Cancer Research Institute
      New York, New York, United States
    • Changsha Medical University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2014
    • The Third Xiangya Hospital of the Central South University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2012
    • Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, CAS
      • Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, CAS
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2010-2011
    • University of South Alabama
      • Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience
      Mobile, Alabama, United States
  • 2009
    • North University of China
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China
  • 2002-2004
    • Xiangya Hospital of Central South University
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China