M Schlienger

Hôpital Tenon (Hôpitaux Universitaires Est Parisien), Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

Are you M Schlienger?

Claim your profile

Publications (202)292.06 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of the results of salvage radiation therapy with curative intent in the treatment of recurrent cervical carcinoma. Fourteen patients with a recurrence of a cervical cancer were treated in our department between 1982 and 2009. Five patients had a pelvic relapse, four a vaginal relapse and five a pelvic lymph node relapse. Four patients had first a surgical resection of the relapse, which was incomplete in two patients. All patients had pelvic radiotherapy with a median dose of 55Gy in conventional fractionation. Concurrent chemotherapy was administered to 12 patients. A vaginal brachytherapy with a median dose of 20Gy was performed in addition in 3 patients. The median follow-up was 39months. Safety of radiation therapy was correct with 29% of grade 3 acute or intestinal toxicity. Tumor control was observed in 10 patients (71%). Four patients presented a locoregional tumor progression. At the time of analysis, three patients had died from their cancer. From the date of relapse, the rate of overall survival at 2 and 5year was respectively 84% and 74%. Three patients (21%) had severe late effects. In our experience, chemoradiotherapy can achieve a high rate of remission in patients with isolated pelvic recurrence of cervical cancer. This treatment is feasible only if the patient had not received radiation therapy before or if the relapse is out of the previously irradiated volume.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 01/2014; · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose Evaluation of the results of salvage radiation therapy with curative intent in the treatment of recurrent cervical carcinoma. Patients and methods Fourteen patients with a recurrence of a cervical cancer were treated in our department between 1982 and 2009. Five patients had a pelvic relapse, four a vaginal relapse and five a pelvic lymph node relapse. Four patients had first a surgical resection of the relapse, which was incomplete in two patients. All patients had pelvic radiotherapy with a median dose of 55 Gy in conventional fractionation. Concurrent chemotherapy was administered to 12 patients. A vaginal brachytherapy with a median dose of 20 Gy was performed in addition in 3 patients. The median follow-up was 39 months. Results Safety of radiation therapy was correct with 29% of grade 3 acute or intestinal toxicity. Tumor control was observed in 10 patients (71%). Four patients presented a locoregional tumor progression. At the time of analysis, three patients had died from their cancer. From the date of relapse, the rate of overall survival at 2 and 5 year was respectively 84% and 74%. Three patients (21%) had severe late effects. Conclusion In our experience, chemoradiotherapy can achieve a high rate of remission in patients with isolated pelvic recurrence of cervical cancer. This treatment is feasible only if the patient had not received radiation therapy before or if the relapse is out of the previously irradiated volume.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 01/2014; · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors report a case of Dropped Head Syndrome with an unusually rapid onset after an accident in a patient with a history of Hodgkin's lymphoma cured by chemotherapy and mantle field radiotherapy and compare this case to the rare published cases of chronic Dropped Head Syndrome occurring after this type of treatment. A 56-year-old man was treated at the age 36 years for supra-diaphragmatic Hodgkin's lymphoma by chemotherapy and mantle field radiotherapy according to a standard technique and standard doses (40 Gy, 20 fractions, 27 days). Seventeen years after the end of treatment, he experienced a violent whiplash injury, rapidly followed by a Dropped Head Syndrome, similar to the cases of chronic Dropped Head Syndrome already described in the context of Hodgkin's lymphoma (permanent flexion of the head, only reduced in the supine position). Physical and neurophysiological examination, electromyogram, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of Dropped Head Syndrome. Very few treatment options are available for the major disability related to Dropped Head Syndrome. This type of subacute onset of Dropped Head Syndrome has not been previously described. The good results of radiation therapy after chemotherapy allow a dose reduction to 30 Gy in the involved regions. This, together with recent progress in treatment planning, should allow eradication of these complications.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 02/2013; 17(1):44–49. · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors report a case of Dropped Head Syndrome with an unusually rapid onset after an accident in a patient with a history of Hodgkin's lymphoma cured by chemotherapy and mantle field radiotherapy and compare this case to the rare published cases of chronic Dropped Head Syndrome occurring after this type of treatment. A 56-year-old man was treated at the age 36 years for supra-diaphragmatic Hodgkin's lymphoma by chemotherapy and mantle field radiotherapy according to a standard technique and standard doses (40Gy, 20 fractions, 27 days). Seventeen years after the end of treatment, he experienced a violent whiplash injury, rapidly followed by a Dropped Head Syndrome, similar to the cases of chronic Dropped Head Syndrome already described in the context of Hodgkin's lymphoma (permanent flexion of the head, only reduced in the supine position). Physical and neurophysiological examination, electromyogram, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of Dropped Head Syndrome. Very few treatment options are available for the major disability related to Dropped Head Syndrome. This type of subacute onset of Dropped Head Syndrome has not been previously described. The good results of radiation therapy after chemotherapy allow a dose reduction to 30Gy in the involved regions. This, together with recent progress in treatment planning, should allow eradication of these complications.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 12/2012; · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the authors address whether neurofilament protein (NFP) expression can be used as an independent prognostic factor in primary glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs). Three hundred and two consecutive adult patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial primary GBMs were analyzed (January 2000-August 2008). Detailed data regarding clinical, imaging, and pathological findings, oncological treatments, and outcomes were recorded. Neurofilament protein immunoexpression served to identify NFP-positive tumor cells (normal entrapped neurons and mature ganglion-like cells excluded). Neurofilament-positive cells were identified in 177 GBMs (58.6%). Patients with NFP-positive GBMs were younger (p < 0.0001), and their GBMs presented with more temporal lobe tumor localization (p = 0.029) and more cortical involvement (p = 0.0003). Neurofilament-negative GBMs presented with more ventricular contact (p < 0.0001) and more tumor midline crossing (p = 0.03). Median overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS) were 13.0 and 7.6 months, respectively, for NFP-positive GBMs, and 7.0 and 5.1 months, respectively, for NFP-negative GBMs. Multivariate analysis revealed NFP immunoexpression, tumor midline crossing, complete resection, and radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy as independent factors associated with overall survival. Neurofilament protein-positive immunoexpression was associated with longer overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] 0.54, 95% CI 0.40-0.74; p < 0.0001) and longer PFS (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.53-0.96; p = 0.02). Neurofilament protein-positive immunoexpression represents a strong, therapeutically independent prognostic factor for primary supratentorial GBM clinical outcome among adult patients. Neurofilament protein-GBM's unique pathological features are not only associated with distinct clinical and anatomical behavior, but are also predictive of overall patient survival and PFS. Neurofilament protein immunoexpression may help identify a distinct subgroup of primary GBMs with a favorable prognosis, which should be considered in the design of future targeted therapies.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 06/2012; 117(3):476-85. · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiosurgery as treatment for arteriovenous malformations has shown a good efficacy in reducing intracranial bleeding due to rupture. The choice of therapeutic modalities is based on evolutive risk and arteriovenous malformations volume, patient profile and risks stratification following therapeutic techniques (microsurgery, radiosurgery, embolization). Nidus size, arteriovenous malformations anatomical localization, prior embolization or bleeding, distributed dose are predictive factors for radiosurgery's good results and tolerance. This review article will highlight arteriovenous malformations radiosurgery indications and discuss recent irradiation alternatives for large arteriovenous malformation volumes.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 06/2012; 16 Suppl:S46-56. · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article was the study of the successive steps permitting the prescription of dose in stereotactic intracranial radiotherapy, which includes radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. The successive steps studied are: the choice of stereotactic intracranial radiotherapy among the therapeutic options, based on curative or palliative treatment intent, then the selection of lesions according to size/volume, pathological type and their number permitting the choice between radiosurgery or fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy, which have the same methodological basis. Clinical experience has determined the level of dose to treat the lesions and limit the irradiation of healthy adjacent tissues and organs at risk structures. The last step is the optimization of the different parameters to obtain a safe compromise between the lesion dose and healthy adjacent structures. Study of dose-volume histograms, coverage indices and 3D imaging permit the optimization of irradiation. For lesions close to or included in a critical area, the prescribed dose is planned using the inverse planification method. Implementation of the successively described steps is mandatory to insure the prescription of an optimized dose. The whole procedure is based on the delineation of the lesion and adjacent healthy tissues. There are sometimes difficulties to assess the delineation and the volume of the target, however improvement of local control rates and reduction of secondary effects are the proof that the totality of the successive procedures are progressively improved. In practice, stereotactic intracranial radiotherapy is a continually improved treatment method, which constantly benefits from improvements in the choice of indications, imaging, techniques of irradiation, planification/optimization methodology and irradiation technique and from data collected from prolonged follow-up.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 05/2012; 16 Suppl:S38-45. · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Quantitative imaging assessment of radiation therapy (RT) for diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGG) by measuring the velocity of diametric expansion (VDE) over time has never been studied. We assessed the VDE changes following RT and determined whether this parameter can serve as a prognostic factor. We reviewed a consecutive series of 33 adults with supratentorial DLGG treated with first-line RT with available imaging follow-up (median follow-up, 103 months). Before RT, all patients presented with a spontaneous tumor volume increase (positive VDE, mean 5.9 mm/year). After RT, all patients demonstrated a tumor volume decrease (negative VDE, mean, -16.7 mm/year) during a mean 49-month duration. In univariate analysis, initial tumor volume (>100 cm(3)), lack of IDH1 expression, p53 expression, high proliferation index, and fast post-RT tumor volume decrease (VDE at -10 mm/year or faster, fast responders) were associated with a significantly shorter overall survival (OS). The median OS was significantly longer (120.8 months) for slow responders (post-RT VDE slower than -10.0 mm/year) than for fast responders (47.9 months). In multivariate analysis, fast responders, larger initial tumor volume, lack of IDH1 expression, and p53 expression were independent poor prognostic factors for OS. A high proliferation index was significantly more frequent in the fast responder subgroup than in the slow responder subgroup. We conclude that the pattern of post-RT VDE changes is an independent prognostic factor for DLGG and offers a quantitative parameter to predict long-term outcomes. We propose to monitor individually the post-RT VDE changes using MRI follow-up, with particular attention to fast responders.
    Neuro-Oncology 03/2012; 14(4):496-505. · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PET with fluoroethylthyrosine (FET), amino-acid analogue, has been performed in Germany since the beginning of the decade for molecular and metabolic imaging of brain tumours, since FDG, the glucose analogue which is the reference tracer for clinical PET, has this drawback to be taken-up intensely by cerebral cortex. We report on our preliminary results on the comparison of PET/CT with FET and FDG in 10 evaluable patients presenting with a brain lesion either at diagnosis or after treatment. In an attempt to optimise specificity, FET PET/CT has been acquired as a static image 1h after injection, while the most current practice is a dynamic 40 min acquisition starting at FET injection. With our acquisition protocol, diagnostic performance of FET was 88% sensitivity and 80% accuracy vs 13% and 30% respectively for FDG. CONCLUSION: FET is a radiopharmaceutical with clinical usefulness for the diagnosis, delineation and monitoring of brain tumours. Association with FDG allows identification of high-grade lesions or components, but it could be avoided providing that acquisition and quantification procedures of FET PET/CT would have been better optimised and standardised.
    Bulletin du cancer 04/2010; 97(5):495-506. · 0.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A survey of the literature has been performed to find arguments in order to help the choice between radiosurgery and hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy in the treatment of brain metastases. A comparison of two groups of brain metastases treated with hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy or radiosurgery, with or without WBRT was performed. Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy: there were eight series including 448 patients published from 2000 to 2009; treated with 5-6 MV X-Rays, non invasive head immobilization, a margin 2 to 10mm; 24 to 40Gy in three to five fractions; a 5 to 8 days duration in six series and 15-16 days in two other series. WBRT (30%) ; radiosurgery: there were 12 series (1994 to 2005) including 2157 patients; an invasive head immobilization, no margin; doses from 10 to 25 Gy; six series over 12 had Gamma Knife radiosurgery and six had Linacs X-Rays. WBRT (30 Gy/10 F/12 days) associated to radiosurgery in several series. The following parameters were compared: median GTV, median survival, 1-year survival rate, local control rate, necrosis and WBRT rates. Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy series: the parameters were respectively: 0,52-4,47 cm(3) (median 2,8 cm(3)); 5-16 months (median 8,7 months); 68,2-93% (median 82,5%); necrosis rate 3,1%; associated WBRT 30%. Radiosurgery series: the parameters were respectively: 1,3 to 5,5 cm(3) (median 2 cm(3)); 5,5 to 22 months (median 11 months); 71 to 95% (median 85%); 0,5 to 6% (median 2,4%); associated WBRT 58%. Results seem similar in the two groups: Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy with non invasive immobilization could theoretically treat all brain metastases sizes except lesions<10 mm (500 mm(3)). In large volumes,>4200 mm(3) GTV, the toxicity of hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy was not reported, thus it was difficult to compare its results with the published reports of radiosurgery toxicity. WBRT was a confusing parameter. Obviously, this initial survey has important limitations, specifically its methodology. Radiosurgery and hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy could be used to treat brain metastases with GTV>500 mm(3) and < or = 4200 mm(3) (Ø 20mm); for GTV<500 mm(3) (Ø 10mm) an invasive procedure with radiosurgery is necessary. For GTV>4200 mm(3) (Ø 20mm), hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy could be proposed, provided further studies, using 4 to 6 Gy fractions, a duration less or equal to 10-12 days and a margin of 2mm will be performed.
    Cancer/Radiothérapie 12/2009; 14(2):119-27. · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) treated by radiosurgery with complete obliteration of the nidus but a persisting early draining vein on follow-up angiography can be termed subtotally obliterated. However, these are persistent circulating AVMs. The significance of these lesions, their hemorrhage rate, and their management are analyzed. In a series of 862 consecutive patients with AVMs treated by radiosurgery, 121 patients (14%) achieved subtotal obliteration (STO). The angiographic evolution and rate of obliteration were studied. The pretreatment angiographic features, dosimetric parameters, and postradiosurgery hemorrhage rate were compared with those in the rest of the treated population. Finally, the options for follow-up and treatment were analyzed. Of 121 subtotally obliterated AVMs, the bleeding rate was 0%; 53% of patients achieved complete obliteration. This occurred in 71% of those who had STO at 1 year. In the cases in which STO was detected at 2, 3, and 4 years, total obliteration eventually occurred in 43%, 28.5%, and 0%, respectively. Comparative analysis with AVMs in which a part of the nidus persisted showed a significant difference in the bleeding rate. Except for volume, no significant statistical difference in angiographic and dosimetric parameters was found between the STO group and the rest of the studied population with residual nidus. Six cases received further treatment, resulting in 2 cures and 2 treatment-related complications. Subtotally obliterated AVMs are different from other partially obliterated AVMs, with a 0% bleeding rate. Their complete obliteration is a function of delay of appearance on follow-up angiography. Invasive follow-up and further treatment of these AVMs do not seem warranted.
    Neurosurgery 10/2009; 65(4):709-17; discussion 717-8. · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Radiotherapie - CANCER RADIOTHER. 01/2009; 13(6):681-682.
  • Cancer Radiotherapie - CANCER RADIOTHER. 01/2009; 13(6):666-666.
  • Neurochirurgie. 01/2009; 55(4):517-517.
  • Neurochirurgie. 01/2009; 55(4):492-493.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Retrospective comparison of Linac radiosurgery (RS) in 93 single brain metastases with or without a 2-mm margin. A total of 153 patients had Linac RS (between April 1992 and June 2004), with 139 patients (90.8%) evaluable in June 2005. Sixty-one patients (44%) had extracranial lesions and 65 patients had neurologic symptoms (47%). RS alone: 105 patients (66%); RS +whole brain radiotherapy: 34 patients (24%). Single metastasis: 93/139 patients; classic RS: 42/93 patients; 2-mm margin: 51/93 patients; 30 multiple lesions patients were excluded. Treatment: 15 Mv X-ray Linac, circular minibeams, 8-30 mm, four to six noncoplanar coronal arcs. Isodose was 60-80%; doses were 10-20 Gy. Follow-up: 12 months-13 years; median, 14 months. Local control (LC) was not improved in 51 margin patients vs. 42 classic RS patients: 1 year: 69.1% and 72.4%. Two-year LC rate: 64% and 54.7%, respectively. Survival: median classic RS: 11.3 months; margin RS, 19 months (p = 0.34) and 1 year, 41.6% and 60.2%, respectively. Margin RS patients had a significantly higher rate of severe parenchymal complications: 19.6% vs. 7.1% (p = 0.02); surgery was necessary in 4 of 51 cases vs. 1 of 42 classic RS cases. No increase of 1- and 2-year LC rate in margin RS or survival and median survival: 11.3 vs. 19 months (NS) 2-mm margin associated with more severe parenchymal complications (p = 0.02). This procedure is therefore not recommended. Late CT images and 1-mm margin as recommended by pathologists, use of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging and fuzzy method to calculate volumes may yield better results. Stereotactic hypofractionation requires further studies.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 04/2008; 70(3):766-72. · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • Neurochirurgie. 01/2008; 54(5):672-672.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To detect parameters that may augment the therapeutic strategy in patients with a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) that is considered equally suitable for treatment by neurosurgery or radiosurgery, we compared the efficacy and risks of these two methods in a paired series with similar patient and AVM characteristics. Two series of patients with AVM were studied, including a series of 39 patients treated using microsurgery (MS) and another series of 39 patients treated via radiosurgery (RS). These series were paired for age and sex, initial symptoms, size, location and Spetzler-Martin grade, and presence of embolization preceding treatment. We compared the posttreatment outcome in the two groups with respect to obliteration rate, neurological status, mortality rate, and recurrent bleeding. Statistical analysis was performed using paired Student's t test. The Glasgow Outcome Scale values and Modified Rankin Scores measured at discharge and 12 to 24 months were significantly better in the RS series than in the MS series. The obliteration rate tended to be higher in the MS series (91% versus 81%; P = 0.10, not significant), whereas the rate of neurological deficit was higher in the MS series than in the RS series (P < 0.001). The mortality rate was not significantly different in the two series, but the rate of recurrent bleeding was higher in the RS group (10% versus 0%; P = 0.04). Although the rate of cure was similar for patients treated with MS and RS, neurological morbidity was higher after MS and recurrent bleeding was more frequent after RS.
    Neurosurgery 08/2007; 61(1):39-49; discussion 49-50. · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a resolutive late cerebral ischemic event, related to radiation induced vasculopathy of the left posterior cerebral artery, documented by MRI, situated in the irradiated volume 24 years before, for an astrocytome with malignant potential.
    Revue Neurologique 02/2007; 163(1):96-8. · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a resolutive late cerebral ischemic event, related to radiation induced vasculopathy of the left posterior cerebral artery, documented by MRI, situated in the irradiated volume 24 years before, for an astrocytome with malignant potential.
    Revue Neurologique 01/2007; 163(1):96-98. · 0.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
292.06 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Hôpital Tenon (Hôpitaux Universitaires Est Parisien)
      • • Service d'Oncologie - Radiothérapie
      • • Service de Neurologie
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2012
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1997–2012
    • Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1996
    • Paul Scherrer Institut
      Aargau, Switzerland
  • 1995
    • Institut de Cancérologie Gustave Roussy
      • Department of Radiotherapy
      Île-de-France, France
  • 1992
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1989
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional d'Orléans
      Orléans, Centre, France