[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease are common endocrine disorders in the general population. To investigate the association between thyroid dysfunction, thyroid autoimmunity and Saudi type 2 diabetics, a random sample of 100 Saudi type 2 diabetics and 100 age- and sex-matched controls were studied. The mean age was 54 years for diabetics and 55 years for controls while the male:female ratios were 1:1.6 and 1:14 respectively. GAD65ab were found in 26% diabetics and 2% controls (p=0.001). Thyroid autoimmunity were detected in 10% diabetics vs. 5% controls (p=0.05), while thyroid dysfunction was found in 16% and 7% respectively (p=0.03). In GAD65ab-positive diabetics, thyroid autoimmunity was observed in 27% vs. 4% GAD65ab-negative diabetics (p=0.02) and thyroid dysfunction was reported in 42% and 7% respectively. We conclude that thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity are common in Saudi type 2 diabetics. Further studies are needed on the cost effectiveness of thyroid screening in diabetics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism at King Abdul Aziz University Hospital. To determine the risk factors, use of different diagnostic modalities, treatment given and to compare our findings with those reported in the literature.
Retrospective study which included all cases of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism admitted to the medical ward of King Abdul Aziz University Hospital during the period between January 1994 till March 1999 were analyzed.
Total of 75 patients were diagnosed to have deep vein thrombosis with mean age of 44.16 +/- 14.5 years and male:female ratio of 1:2. Doppler ultrasound was used for the diagnosis in 56 of 75 patients (75%). Pulmonary embolism as a complication of deep vein thrombosis developed in 24 of 75 patients (32%). Prolonged immobilization was found to be the most common risk factor 17 of 75 (23%). All the patients were treated with conventional heparin followed by warfarin.
As discussed, our results are comparable with those reported in the literature. Post operative patients who are anticipated to have prolonged immobilization should receive prophylactic anti coagulation with subcutaneous heparin. Thrombophillia screening should be reserved for those with recurrent deep vein thrombosis or patients with positive family history.
Saudi medical journal 09/2000; 21(8):762-4. · 0.62 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in Saudi and non-Saudi diabetics, we studied patients attending King Abdulaziz University Hospital for follow-up in the period January 1997 to December 2001. Cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and smoking, were studied as well as degree of blood glucose control. Of 1122 patients in the study, 48% were Saudis and 52% non-Saudis. No statistically significant difference was found for prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors between the two groups. Correlation of each of the risk factors to patient's age showed significant correlation to hypertension and smoking.
Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de santé de la Méditerranée orientale = al-Majallah al-ṣiḥḥīyah li-sharq al-mutawassiṭ 9(5-6):884-92.