[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An 88-year-old male was hospitalized due to abdominal pain. Computed tomography showed thickness of the ileal wall and total colonoscopy revealed an elevated lesion in the ileocecum. Signet ring cell carcinoma was diagnosed by biopsy.Right hemicolectomy was performed and the pathological diagnosis was as follows: signet cell carcinoma, SI (parietal peritoneum), ly3, v0, N2 (9/10), H0, P1, Stage IV. Signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of the colon is very rare, with high malignancy potential such as frequent lymphatic invasion and frequent peritoneal dissemination. It is usually detected at an advanced stage of the tumor. Therefore, early diagnosis and multimodal therapy, including chemotherapy, conventional cytotoxic agents and radiotherapy are important to improve the prognosis for signet ring cell carcinoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 70-year-old man was admitted to our department for pulmonary nodule of 15 mm in diameter in the left lower lobe detected by chest computed tomography (CT). A possibility of malignant tumor could not be ruled out, and lung partial resection was performed. Pathological examination during operation revealed a coagulation necrosis and the lesion was finally diagnosed as pulmonary dirofilariasis.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 01/2015; 68(1):76-79.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is generally accepted that both dysfunction of the Wnt signaling pathway, including mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and beta-catenin genes, and genetic instability play important roles in colorectal carcinogenesis. However, alteration of the components in the Wnt signaling pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC) with microsatellite instability (MSI) has not been elucidated. In order to assess the status of the Wnt signaling components in CRC with MSI, mutational analyses of the beta-catenin, APC, Axin 1, and T cell factor 4 (TCF4) genes were performed. Three of 33 samples had mutations in exon 3 of the beta-catenin gene and two in the APC gene. Eight mutations in seven samples were detected by single-strand conformation polymorphism and subsequent direct sequence analysis of the entire coding region of the Axin 1 gene. Furthermore, TCF4, which is one of the transcriptional factors in the Wnt signaling pathway and has a mononucleotide repeat sequence (a nine- adenine repeat, (A)9) in its C-terminal region, was mutated in 13 of the 33 samples. Thus, alteration in the Wnt signaling pathway is frequently observed in CRC with MSI, including hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, as well as in familial adenomatous polyposis and sporadic CRC without MSI.
Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 01/2002; 33(1):73-81. DOI:10.1002/gcc.1226 · 3.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features and biological behaviors related to the gross appearance of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
Fourteen patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who underwent hepatic resection between 1986 and 1998 were divided into four groups according to the gross appearance of the tumor: ID (intraductal growth) type (n = 1), PD (periductal-infiltrating) type (n = 4), MF (mass-forming) type (n = 5), MF-with-PD type (n = 4).
Overall survival at 1, 5, and 10 years was 50.0%, 35.7%, and 35.7%, respectively. All three long-term survivors without recurrence had tumors unassociated with vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis, or lymph node metastasis. The MF and MF-with-PD tumors were more frequently associated with vascular invasion and/or lymph node metastasis than the ID or PD type. The Ki-67-positive grade of the cancer cells was clearly higher in the MF and MF-with-PD tumors than in the ID or PD type. All of the cases of MF-with-PD tumors were stage IV-A and had a poor outcome.
Extended hepatic resection with a sufficient surgical margin yielded good results in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients without vascular invasion, intrahepatic metastasis, or lymph node metastasis. However, it is necessary to develop a new effective strategy for advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, such as the MF-with-PD type.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We encountered a case of unresectable colon cancer that disappeared following pharmacokinetic modulating chemotherapy (PMC). A 41-year-old male underwent ileotransverse anastomosis following a diagnosis of ileus due to unresectable colon cancer with peritoneal dissemination and multiple liver metastases. He was treated weekly with an intravenous infusion of 5-FU, 1,000 mg/body/24 hours and an oral administration of UFT 400 mg/day (PMC). After 6 months of weekly treatment of PMC, colon tumor disappeared and metastatic liver tumors decreased in size. PMC can be administered to outpatients without serious side effects; thus, this therapy improves the prognosis and the patient's quality of life.
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 10/2000; 27(10):1593-6.