Publications (3)2.19 Total impact
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2005; 74(6):1199-206. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hatching has been suggested to occur as a result of protease-mediated lysis and the blastocoele tension. However, even if rupturing is initiated at multiple sites, interestingly only a single site is used for escape. This implies that there are several mechanisms involved in hatching. In this study, the involvement of actin filaments in mouse embryo hatching was examined. We treated mouse embryos with cytochalasin B for 12 h or 24 h at the morula, middle blastocyst, expanded blastocyst, lobe-formed blastocyst and hatching blastocyst stages, and measured the amount and distribution of actin filaments using a confocal microscope. At morula, middle blastocyst, lobe-formed blastocyst and hatching blastocyst stages embryonic development was completely arrested by cytochalasin B. However, when transferred to cytochalasin-B-free medium, the embryos resumed development and escaped the zona pellucida. In the expanded blastocysts development was almost completely inhibited by cytochalasin B, but rupturing occurred in some embryos. However, development stopped completely at the ruptured stage. Distribution of actin filaments was prominent at rupturing and hatching sites regardless of cytochalasin B treatment. The amount of actin filaments was prominent at hatching embryos compared with other developmental stages of embryos. These actin filaments were distributed intensively between the trophectodermal cells, and formed locomotion patterns. Taken together, these results suggest that not only tension and lytic enzymes are required to rupture, but the activity of actin filaments may have a crucial role in the process of hatching.Zygote 06/1999; 7(2):123-9. · 1.17 Impact Factor
Article: Oviductal protein produces fluorescence staining of the perivitelline space in mouse oocytes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mouse oocytes were previously observed to undergo structural changes involving the perivitelline space (PVS) within the oviduct following ovulation, as visualized by staining with fluorochrome-protein conjugates. In the present study, this phenomenon was investigated in detail to determine the role of the oviduct and oocyte. Mouse ovarian oocytes matured in vitro were further incubated in medium or within explanted oviducts in vitro for varying periods of time and then stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-casein. Twenty percent of oocytes incubated within explanted oviducts for 3 hr showed distinct fluorescence staining of the PVS, whereas after 20 hr incubation, most (89%) oocytes were similarly stained. In contrast, no ovarian oocytes was stained when incubated in medium alone. Puromycin treatment during incubation of oocytes within explanted oviducts produced a dose-dependent decrease in the percentage of oocyte exhibiting PVS staining after FITC-casein exposure. FITC-casein staining of the PVS also occurred in all oocytes following incubation of in vitro-matured oocytes with oviductal tissue extract. In contrast, no oocytes incubated with serum exhibited fluorescence staining. Additionally, the PVS of oocytes failed to stain after incubation with either 0.001% of trypsin- or heat-treated oviductal homogenate. When zona pellucida (ZP) ghosts, devoid of ooplasm, were incubated within explanted oviducts, their PVS was stained brightly following FITC-casein treatment. From these results, it is concluded that proteinaceous material(s) secreted by the mouse oviduct is responsible for the fluorescence staining of the PVS of mouse oocytes and of ghost ZP. The ooplasm does not appear to play any role in altering the properties of the PVS staining.Journal of Experimental Zoology 05/1996; 274(6):351-7.