ABSTRACT: The responses to the glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were studied in the sensori-motor cortex of rats with petit mal-like seizures. In a first study, the changes in extracellular concentration of calcium elicited through ionophoretic application of NMDA at various depths in the cortex were measured in vivo. The results show that in the cortex of epileptic rats the NMDA responses are much more widely distributed than in the cortex of control rats. In a second study, a current-source density analysis of the responses elicited through electrical stimulation of the white matter was performed in slices of neocortex in vitro. These findings show that the NMDA-dependent component of the synaptic responses are more widely distributed and of longer duration in the cortex of epileptic rats than in that of control rats. Taken together, these results suggest that in this model of absence epilepsy NMDA-dependent mechanisms are important in the triggering and maintenance of epileptic activity.
Journal of neural transmission. Supplementum 02/1992; 35:97-108. · 1.07 Impact Factor