[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platelet tyrosine and catecholamine (CA) content was measured in cluster headache sufferers during the different phases of the illness. Compared with controls, cluster headache sufferers had lower platelet levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) in all phases of the syndrome. Tyrosine levels were increased significantly during the cluster headache attack. We suggest that these results provide biochemical evidence of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) hypofunction in cluster headache.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platelet levels of glutamic and aspartic acid and glycine were measured in patients with migraine with aura, migraine without aura, tension headache and cluster headache. High levels of these amino acids were found in patients with migraine with aura compared to normal subjects and other headache groups. During headache, glutamate levels further increased in migraine with aura patients. These findings may have relevance to the neurological symptoms of migraine with aura.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the role of the sympathetic autonomic nervous system (SANS) in common migraine we measured platelet catecholamine levels in a group of patients and in control subjects after 1 and 30 min of supine rest. Common migraine patients showed, at 1 min of supine rest, higher platelet norepinephrine (NE) content in comparison with the controls. This result may reflect a decreased release of platelet dense bodies in migraineurs. The same patients showed after 30' of supine rest a hardly significant increase of platelet NE levels in contrast to the clearly significant increase found in controls. These findings support the hypothesis of sympathetic hypofunction in migraine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a patient who developed a severe sensory and a mild motor neuropathy. This syndrome was due to massive and prolonged ingestion of vitamin B6 (10 g daily for 5 years). To our knowledge this is the first published case of motor neuropathy caused by chronic abuse of vitamin B6.