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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the factors for clinical outcome of the surgical treatment of acute type A aortic dissection. From April 1996 to March 2006, 44 patients underwent emergency operation for acute type A dissection within 2 weeks from the onset. Resection of the intimal tear was performad with open distal anastomosis. The mean age was 63.4 (range 29-83) years, and 28 were female. As for their preoperative condition, 5 patients were in severe hemodynamic instability including cardiac arrest in 2, apnea in 1, and rupture in 4. Distal resection extended to ascending aorta in 24 patients (54.5%), hemiarch in 7 (15.9%), and total arch in 13 (29.5%). 30-day mortality was 4.5% and the incidence of stroke was 13.6%. Several methods were used including axillary artery cannulation and central repair with adventitial inversion technique. Patients with malperfusions caused by acute type A dissection should undergo immediate aortic reconstruction by adequate circulatory assisting methods.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 05/2007; 60(4):267-72.