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Publications (6)19.87 Total impact

  • ChemInform 07/2010; 29(30).
  • ChemInform 01/2010; 28(4).
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    ABSTRACT: A series of 1,2,4-oxadiazolidine-3,5-diones was synthesized and evaluated as oral antihyperglycemic agents in the obese insulin resistant db/db and ob/ob mouse - the two models for Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The majority of the prepared methoxy- and ethoxy-linked oxazole 1,2,4-oxadiazolidine-3,5-diones normalized plasma glucose levels at the 100 mg kg(-1) oral dose in the db/db diabetic mouse model, and several amongst them reduced the glucose levels at the 20 mg kg(-1) oral dose. The most potent compounds in the db/db mouse model were also active in the ob/ob mouse model normalizing the plasma glucose levels at the 20 mg kg(-1) oral dose. The trifluoromethoxy analog 32 was the most active compound of the series, reducing significantly the plasma glucose levels at the 5 mg kg(-1) oral dose. Oxadiazole-tailed 1,2,4-oxadiazolidine-3,5-diones were also active in both the db/db and ob/ob diabetic mouse models normalizing plasma glucose levels at the 100 mg kg(-1) oral dose.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 02/2001; 36(1):31-42. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and antidiabetic characterization of 1,2-dihydro-4-[[4-(methylthio)phenyl]methyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-3H- pyrazol-3-one (as the hydroxy tautomer; WAY-123783, 4) are described. Substitution of 4-methylthio, methylsulfinyl, or ethyl to a benzyl group at C4, in combination with trifluoromethyl at C5 of pyrazol-3-one, generated potent antihyperglycemic agents in obese, diabetic db/db mice (16-30% reduction in plasma glucose at 2 mg/kg). The antihyperglycemic effect was associated with a robust glucosuria (> 8 g/dL) observed in nondiabetic mice. Chemical trapping of four of the seven possible tautomeric forms of the heterocycle by mono- and dialkylation at the acidic hydrogens provided several additional potent analogs (39-43% reduction at 5 mg/kg) of the lead 4 as well as a dialkylated pair of regioisomers that showed separation of the associated glucosuric effect produced by all of the active analogs in normal mice. Further pharmacological characterization of the lead WAY-123783 (ED50 = 9.85 mg/kg, po in db/db mice), in oral and subcutaneous glucose tolerance tests, indicated that unlike the renal and intestinal glucose absorption inhibitor phlorizin, pyrazolone 4 does not effectively block intestinal glucose absorption. SAR and additional pharmacological data reported herein suggest that WAY-123783 represents a new class of potent antihyperglycemic agents which correct hyperglycemia by selective inhibition of renal tubular glucose reabsorption.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 09/1996; 39(20):3920-8. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bioisosteric substitution was used as a tool to generate several new structural alternatives to the thiazolidine-2,4-dione and tetrazole heterocycles as potential antidiabetic agents. Among the initial leads that emerged from this strategy, a family of acidic azoles, isoxazol-3- and -5-ones and a pyrazol-3-one, showed significant plasma glucose-lowering activity (17-42% reduction) in genetically obese, diabetic db/db mice at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day x4. Structure-activity relationship studies determined that 5-alkyl-4-(arylmethyl)pyrazol-3-ones, which exist in solution as aromatic enol/iminol tautomers, were the most promising new class of potential antidiabetic agent (32-45% reduction at 20 mg/kg/d x4). Included in this work are convenient syntheses for several types of acidic azoles that may find use as new acidic bioisosteres in medicinal chemistry such as the antidiabetic lead 5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazol-3-one (hydroxy tautomer) and aza homologs of the pyrazolones, 1,2,3-triazol-5-ones (hydroxy tautomer) and 1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-one heterocycles. log P and pKa data for 15 potential acidic bioisosteres, all appended to a 2-naphthalenylmethyl residue so as to maintain a similar distance between the acidic hydrogen and arene nucleus, are presented. This new data set allows comparison of a wide variety of potential acid mimetics (pKa 3.78-10.66; log P -0.21 to 2.76) for future drug design.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/1995; 38(4):617-28. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a preliminary communication (J. Med. Chem. 1989, 32, 11-13) a series of perfluoro-N-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5ylmethyl)phenyl]alkana mides (perfluoro anilides I), designed as novel analogues of ciglitazone, were reported to possess oral antidiabetic activity in two genetic animal models of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM): obese (ob/ob) and diabetic (db/db) mice. In this report, the results from a structure-activity relationship (SAR) study of the series I are described. Comprehensive statistical analysis among the 86 analogues screened for blood glucose lowering in ob/ob mice was achieved by a new application of a general statistical procedure which made it possible to make meaningful comparisons between more than 140 separate experiments (N = 2966). Perfluoro anilides I lowered plasma glucose in the hyperglycemic ob/ob and db/db mice but not in euglycemic normal rats. In the hyperinsulinemic ob/ob mouse, decreases in plasma insulin levels paralleled the decline in plasma glucose. Potency and efficacy in the series was shown to be dependent on the length of the perfluorocarbon chain (RF) of I. Optimal activity occurred with the C7 and C8 RF chains. The more extensive SAR studies reported here, indicated that the lipophilic RF chain is the most important structural element of I since neither the phenyl nor tetrazole rings present in anilides I were necessary for antihyperglycemic activity while medium length (C7-C8) RF chains, especially the C7F15 chain, were shown to confer antihyperglycemic activity in ob/ob mice to a wide variety of structures.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 04/1992; 35(5):944-53. · 5.48 Impact Factor