In clinic practice urethral specimens from a big proportion of patients are inadequate or swabbing if not undertaken at all because for the discomfort experienced. Moreover, such an experience sometimes discourages patients for reattending. It is clear that having a urine sample from patients is incomparably preferable to having an inadequate urethral swab or none. 250 women attending our gynecology clinic had a urinary sample (20 ml first-voided urine minimum 4-hours from prior menstruation) analysed with an enzyme immunoassay (IDEIA-Dako) for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis. They also had sample taken from cervix, and urethra for testing with IDEIA. The urinary samples, compared with urethral samples, showed a optimal correspondence to final results. It is concluded that the urinary samples could be used for screening programs to detect Chlamydia trachomatis.
Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia: organo ufficiale [di] Società italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica / Associazione ricerche in urologia 07/1994; 66(3):125-8.