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ABSTRACT: The human T-lymphoblast cell line, Mo, secretes a number of lymphokines, including erythroid-potentiating activity (EPA), an important early regulator of erythropoiesis. We report purification of EPA to homogeneity, from serum-free Mo-conditioned medium. Purification was accomplished by sequential concentration, ammonium sulfate precipitation, lentil lectin affinity chromatography, gel filtration, and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. EPA was assayed by its ability to stimulate the growth of large erythroid colonies (bursts) from normal human peripheral blood. The purified EPA has a molecular weight of 28,000 and appears as a single band when analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing or nonreducing conditions. Purified EPA stimulates the growth of both early and late erythroid precursors from human bone marrow, as well as colony formation by the K562 human erythroleukemia cell line. Purified EPA has no colony-stimulating factor activity nor does it appear to be a structural protein of the human T-cell leukemia virus subtype II which infects the Mo cells.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/1984; 259(16):9992-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor