Marcus Henze

University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

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Publications (41)109.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a variety of cognitive deficits which can be reliably assessed by the neuropsychological test battery of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD), but the cerebral changes underlying the respective cognitive deficits are only partly understood. Measures of severity of dementia in AD as well as delayed episodic memory performance in mild cognitive impairment significantly correlated with bihemispheric cerebral glucose hypometabolism. We therefore hypothesized that the CERAD cognitive battery may represent cerebral dysfunction of both hemispheres in patients with AD. In 32 patients with AD, cerebral glucose metabolism was investigated using positron-emission-tomography with 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG PET) and associated with the test scores of the CERAD cognitive battery by statistical parametric mapping. Episodic memory scores significantly correlated with temporopari etal glucose metabolism of both hemispheres while delayed episodic memory significantly was correlated with the right frontotemporal cortices. Verbal fluency and naming scores significantly correlated with glucose metabolism in left temporoparietal and right frontal cortices, whereas constructional praxis predominantly correlated significantly with the bilateral precuneus. In conclusion, the results of our study demonstrate that not only memory function but also functions of language and constructional praxis in AD are associated with glucose metabolism as revealed by FDG PET in subsets of uni- and bilateral brain areas. The findings of our study for the first time demonstrate that in AD neuropsychological deficits as assessed by the CERAD refer to different cerebral sites of both hemispheres.
    Clinical EEG and neuroscience: official journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS) 04/2011; 42(2):71-6. · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the heterogeneous nature of glioma, biopsies performed should be targeted at the most anaplastic region. Several functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET) techniques have been proposed for identifying the most anaplastic tumor area. However, it is unclear whether the recommended biopsy targets based on these various functional imaging modalities correspond with each other. Thus, the purpose was to evaluate whether they identify similar target areas. A total of 61 patients with suspected glioma were assessed within 2.3 +/- 3.5 days by MRI, 18F-fluorothymidine-, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET. Thirty-five patients underwent gross total resection and 26 were stereotactically biopsied. MRI was performed on a 1.5 Tesla broadband transmit/receive system, using a double-resonant birdcage coil. The MRI protocol comprised of sodium (23Na)-MRI (3D-radial projection imaging), proton spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI, point-resolved spectroscopy), arterial spin-labeling (ASL) perfusion MRI, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI, and dynamic-susceptibility-weighted (DSC) perfusion MRI after a single dose each of gadobenate dimeglumine. Also, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were processed from diffusion tensor images. Image analysis comprised a detailed semiquantitative region of interest analysis of the different parameter values as well as visual identification of the most conspicuous tumor areas on parameter maps, for example, areas with maximum tumor perfusion, highest metabolite ratios of choline-containing compounds/N-acetyl-aspartate, or lowest ADC values within tumor tissue. Colocalization of these areas was then assessed. Regarding tumor vascularity-related parameters and tumor proliferation-related parameters, the higher the glioma grade the higher were the respective parameters in semiquantitative analysis. ADC values decreased with glioma grade. In the whole study population comprising low- (N = 15) and high-grade gliomas (N = 42), except for 23Na-MRI, there was good (>50%) or perfect (100%) agreement of the tumor areas with highest values on parameter images in the majority of cases (>80%), that is, tumor areas with increased thymidine-uptake and highest choline, both suggestive of increased tumor proliferation, and elevated microcirculation as demonstrated by DSC-, arterial spin-labeling-, and DCE-MRI. 23Na-MRI depicted the highest signal within necrotic tumor areas, but non-necrotic gliomas also showed a perfect agreement in more than 61%. 18F-fluorothymidine-PET, DSC-, and DCE-MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging as well as MR spectroscopic imaging correctly detected no glioma heterogeneity in all 15 histologically proven grade II gliomas but identified suspicious areas in all 3 nonenhancing grade III gliomas. Both imaging techniques that depict microcirculation and techniques that visualize proliferation identify similar target areas.
    Investigative radiology 12/2010; 45(12):755-68. · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterized by cognitive deficits which do not yet reach the threshold of dementia but represent a putative preclinical state of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Little is known about the neural correlates of delayed episodic memory which is among the earliest signs of cognitive decline in patients at risk of developing AD. We performed resting state positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in patients with MCI, and hypothesized a correlation between delayed episodic memory performance and frontal glucose metabolism since the latter is relatively spared in the preclinical phase of the disease. 43 patients (age: 69.7+/-7.9 years; 24 male, 19 female) with MCI were investigated by FDG PET. Significant positive correlations with delayed episodic memory performance were calculated by statistical parametric mapping. To our knowledge the present study is the first to demonstrate by FDG PET the neural correlates of delayed episodic memory in patients with MCI. Our study revealed a pattern of cerebral glucose metabolism including bifrontal regions which may contribute to the delayed episodic memory performance of patients with MCI. Since not all patients with MCI will further deteriorate, AD specific mechanism may not be concluded from the present study but warrant longitudinal investigations.
    Neuroscience Letters 10/2009; 467(2):100-4. · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Rofo-fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiet Der Rontgenstrahlen Und Der Bildgebenden Verfahren - ROFO-FORTSCHR RONTGENSTRAHL. 01/2008; 180.
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    ABSTRACT: Melanoma tumour targeting was investigated with radiolabelled α-MSH peptides and with α-MSH derivatives attached to large carriers such as liposomes. The main focus of this paper will be current targeting concepts of melanoma (α-melanoma tumour diagnosis and internal radiotherapy) using α-MSH peptides for specific delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic radiometals. Several new α-MSH analogues (MSH1-n) were synthesized in our laboratory and conjugated to 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclo-dodecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA), a universal metal chelator. The resulting DOTA-MSH1-n derivatives were found to retain good binding capacity to the melanoma cell MC1 receptor (MC1R) in the low nanomolar range. In vivo tissue distribution of 5 µCi [111In]-labelled DOTA-MSH in female B6D2F1 mice with intracutaneous B16F1 melanoma tumours and with micrometastases in the lung and liver demonstrated that the radioligands accumulated specifically in the tumour tissue, reaching a maximum, for example with DOTA-MSH4, of 9.43 ± 1.06% I.D./g 4-h postinjection. Co-injection of an excess of α-MSH (50 µg) blocked the MC1Rs and hence reduced the 4-h tumour uptake by an average of 90%, which indicates that radioligand uptake by the melanoma tumours was a receptor-mediated process. Blood clearance was very rapid and 4 h after injection, the blood-associated radioactivity was as little as 0.03 ± 0.00% I.D./g. This was associated with a fast elimination of the radioactivity from all MC1R-negative tissues, except the kidneys which serve as main excretory organ. The ratios of radioactivity in melanoma tissue to that in non-target tissues 4 h after injection were all above 10 and often greater than 100, except for the kidneys. The identification of radiopeptide structures yielding reduced retention of radioactivity by the kidneys but nevertheless excellent tumour uptake is currently the main goal of our studies. The specificity of targeting melanoma metastases using radiolabelled MSH peptides was further analyzed by positron-emission tomography (PET) as well as with autoradiography of tumour tissue sections with surrounding healthy tissue after in vivo injection of the radiopeptides into tumour-bearing animals: the radioactivity was concentrated exclusively in and localized uniformly throughout the tumour tissue. Non-radioactive approaches to MC1R-mediated melanoma targeting include cytotoxic MSH–peptides, MSH–carrier conjugates and MSH–liposome constructs. A brief summary of the current state of the different approaches including their advantages and disadvantages will be presented.
    Experimental Dermatology 01/2008; 13(9):570-570. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While significantly reduced glucose metabolism in fronto-temporo-parietal and cingulate cortices has been demonstrated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with controls, cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with mild cognitive impairment who subsequently develop AD is less well-defined. In the present study we measured cerebral glucose metabolism by positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose in 14 patients with aging-associated cognitive decline (AACD), 44 patients with AD, and 14 healthy control subjects at baseline. The AACD patients were clinically followed up, and conversion to AD was determined. Compared with controls, AACD patients had significantly reduced glucose metabolism in the right precuneus, posterior cingulate, right angular gyrus, and bilateral middle temporal cortices, while the respective deficits were more pronounced in AD patients and also involved the frontal cortices. AACD patients who subsequently converted to AD (AACD-converters) showed more extended metabolic changes which also involved the frontal and temporal cortices, right cingulate gyrus, right thalamus, and bilateral precuneus.
    Psychiatry Research 08/2007; 155(2):147-54. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Neurophysiology - CLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 01/2007; 118(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) can be imaged with scintigraphy using radiolabelled somatostatin analogues. The aim of our study was to compare the value of 68Ga-DOTATOC PET and 111In-DTPAOC SPECT (Octreoscan) in the detection of NET manifestations. Methods Twenty-seven NET patients were prospectively examined. 68Ga-DOTATOC PET and 111In-DTPAOC SPECT were performed using standard techniques. Treatment was not applied in between. Mean and maximum standardised uptake values (SUVs) were calculated for PET findings. Tumour/non-tumour ratios were calculated for SPECT findings. Findings were compared by a region-by-region analysis and verified with histopathology, CT and MRI within 21 days. Results SUVs of positive lesions on 68Ga-DOTATOC PET ranged from 0.7 to 29.3 (mean SUV) and from 0.9 to 34.4 (maximum SUV). Tumour/non-tumour ratios on 111In-DTPAOC SPECT ranged from 1.8 to 7.3. In imaging lung and skeletal manifestations, 68Ga-DOTATOC PET was more efficient than 111In-DTPAOC SPECT. All discrepant lung findings and 77.8% of discrepant osseous findings were verified as true positive PET interpretations. In regional comparison of liver and brain, 68Ga-DOTATOC PET and 111In-DTPAOC SPECT were identical. In lymph nodes, the pancreas and the gastro-intestinal system, different values of the two techniques were not indicated in regional analyses. In a single patient, surgical interventions were changed on the basis of 68Ga-DOTATOC PET findings. Conclusion 68Ga-DOTATOC PET is superior to 111In-DTPAOC SPECT in the detection of NET manifestations in the lung and skeleton and similar for the detection of NET manifestations in the liver and brain. 68Ga-DOTATOC PET is advantageous in guiding the clinical management.
    European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 01/2007; 34(10). · 5.11 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Neurophysiology - CLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 01/2007; 118(4).
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of 68-Ga-labeled DOTA (0)-D-Phe (1)-Tyr (3)-Octreotide positron emission tomography ([68Ga]-DOTATOC-PET) for target definition for fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) as a complementary modality to computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because meningiomas show a high expression of somatostatin receptor subtype 2, somatostatin analogs such as DOTATOC offer the possibility of receptor-targeted imaging. Twenty-six patients received stereotactic CT, MRI, and [68Ga]-DOTATOC-PET as part of their treatment planning. Histology was: World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 1 61.5%, WHO Grade 2 7.7%, WHO Grade 3 3.9%, and undetermined 26.9%. Six patients received radiotherapy as primary treatment, 2 after subtotal resection; 17 patients were treated for recurrent disease. Dynamic PET scans were acquired before radiotherapy over 60 min after intravenous injection of 156 +/- 29 MBq [68Ga]-DOTATOC. These PET images were imported in the planning software for FSRT. Planning target volume (PTV)-I outlined on CT and contrast-enhanced MRI was compared with PTV-II outlined on PET. PTV-III was defined with CT, MRI, and PET and was actually used for radiotherapy treatment. PTV-III was smaller than PTV-I in 9 patients, the same size in 7 patients, and larger in 10 patients. Median PTV-I was 49.6 cc, median PTV-III was 57.2 cc. In all patients [68Ga]-DOTATOC-PET delivered additional information concerning tumor extension. PTV-III was significantly modified based on DOTATOC-PET data in 19 patients. In 1 patient no tumor was exactly identified on CT/MRI but was visible on PET. These data demonstrate that [68Ga]-DOTATOC-PET improves target definition for FSRT in patients with intracranial meningiomas. Radiation targeting with fused DOTATOC-PET, CT, and MRI resulted in significant alterations in target definition in 73%.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 06/2006; 65(1):222-7. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the influence of {sup 68}-Ga-labeled DOTA ( )-D-Phe ({sup 1})-Tyr ({sup 3})-Octreotide positron emission tomography ([{sup 68}Ga]-DOTATOC-PET) for target definition for fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) as a complementary modality to computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Because meningiomas show a high expression of somatostatin receptor subtype 2, somatostatin analogs such as DOTATOC offer the possibility of receptor-targeted imaging. Patients and Methods: Twenty-six patients received stereotactic CT, MRI, and [{sup 68}Ga]-DOTATOC-PET as part of their treatment planning. Histology was: World Health Organization (WHO) Grade 1 61.5%, WHO Grade 2 7.7%, WHO Grade 3 3.9%, and undetermined 26.9%. Six patients received radiotherapy as primary treatment, 2 after subtotal resection; 17 patients were treated for recurrent disease. Dynamic PET scans were acquired before radiotherapy over 60 min after intravenous injection of 156 {+-} 29 MBq [{sup 68}Ga]-DOTATOC. These PET images were imported in the planning software for FSRT. Planning target volume (PTV)-I outlined on CT and contrast-enhanced MRI was compared with PTV-II outlined on PET. PTV-III was defined with CT, MRI, and PET and was actually used for radiotherapy treatment. Results: PTV-III was smaller than PTV-I in 9 patients, the same size in 7 patients, and larger in 10 patients. Median PTV-I was 49.6 cc, median PTV-III was 57.2 cc. In all patients [{sup 68}Ga]-DOTATOC-PET delivered additional information concerning tumor extension. PTV-III was significantly modified based on DOTATOC-PET data in 19 patients. In 1 patient no tumor was exactly identified on CT/MRI but was visible on PET. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that [{sup 68}Ga]-DOTATOC-PET improves target definition for FSRT in patients with intracranial meningiomas. Radiation targeting with fused DOTATOC-PET, CT, and MRI resulted in significant alterations in target definition in 73%.
    International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 05/2006; 65(1). · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of the SPECT-tracers 3-(123)I-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine (IMT) and (99m)Tc(I)- hexakis(2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) (MIBI) as well as the PET-tracer 2-(18)F-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) for detecting tumour progression in irradiated low grade astrocytomas (LGA). We examined 91 patients (56 males; 35 females; 44.7 +/- 11.5 years), initially suffering from histologically proven LGAs (mean WHO grade II) and treated by stereotactic radiotherapy (59.0 +/- 4.6 Gy). On average 21.9 +/- 11.2 months after radiotherapy, patients presented new Gd-DTPA enhancing lesions on MRI, which did not allow a differentiation between progressive tumour (PT) and non-PT (nPT) at this point of time. PET scans (n = 82) were acquired 45 min after injection of 208 +/- 32 MBq FDG. SPECT scans started 10 min after injection of 269 +/- 73 MBq IMT (n = 68) and 15 min after injection of 706 +/- 63 MBq MIBI (n = 34). Lesions were classified as PT and nPT based on prospective follow-up (clinically, MRI) for 17.2 +/- 9.9 months after PET/SPECT. Lesion-to-normal ratios (L/N) were calculated using contra lateraly mirrored reference regions for the SPECT examinations and reference regions in the contra lateral grey (GM) and white matter (WM) for FDG PET. Ratios were evaluated by Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis. In the patient groups nPT and PT, L/N ratios for FDG (GS) were 0.6 +/- 0.3 vs. 1.2 +/- 0.5 (p = 0.003), for FDG (WS) 1.2 +/- 0.4 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.4 (p < 0.001), for IMT 1.1 +/- 0.1 vs. 1.8 +/- 0.4 (p < 0.001) and for MIBI 1.6 +/- 0.7 vs. 2.6 +/- 2.2 (p = 0.554). Areas under the non-parametric ROC-curves were: 0.738 +/- 0.059 for FDG (GS), 0.790 +/- 0.057 for FDG (WS), 0.937 +/- 0.037 for IMT and 0.564 +/- 0.105 for MIBI. MIBI-SPECT examinations resulted in a low accuracy and especially in a poor sensitivity even at modest specificity values. A satisfying diagnostic accuracy was reached with FDG PET. Using WM as reference region for FDG PET, a slightly higher AUC as compared to GM was calculated. IMT yielded the best ROC characteristics and the highest diagnostic accuracy for differentiating between PT and nPT in irradiated LGA.
    Nuklearmedizin 02/2006; 45(1):49-56. · 1.67 Impact Factor
  • Article: ICP109
    Alzheimers & Dementia - ALZHEIMERS DEMENT. 01/2006; 2(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Bombesin (BN), a 14-amino-acid peptide, shows high affinity for the human gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRP-r), which is overexpressed on several types of cancer, including prostate, breast, gastrointestinal, and small cell lung cancer. Thus, radiolabeled BN or BN analogs may prove to be specific tracers for diagnostic and therapeutic targeting of GRP-r-positive tumors in nuclear medicine. This study evaluated a novel BN analog labeled with the positron emitter 68Ga for receptor imaging with PET. DOTA-PEG2-[D-Tyr6,beta-Ala11,Thi13,Nle14] BN(6-14) amide (BZH3) (DOTA is 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid; PEG is ethyleneglycol (2-aminoethyl)carboxymethyl ether) was synthetized using the Fmoc strategy and radiolabeled with either 67Ga or 177Lu for in vitro and biodistribution experiments. 68Ga for PET was obtained from a 68Ge/68Ga generator. In vitro binding, internalization, and efflux were determined using the pancreatic tumor cell line AR42J. Biodistribution of the peptide as a function of time and dose was studied in AR42J tumor-bearing mice. In vitro assays demonstrated a high affinity of 67Ga-BZH3 (dissociation constant = 0.46 nmol/L), a rapid internalization (70% of total cell-associated activity was endocytosed after a 15-min incubation), and an intracellular retention half-life (t1/2) of the 67Ga activity of 16.5 +/- 2.4 h. Biodistribution indicated a dose-dependent uptake in the tumor and a prolonged tumor residence time (t1/2 approximately 16 h). Clearance from GRP-r-negative tissues was fast, resulting in high tumor-to-tissue ratios as early as 1 h after injection. Replacing 67Ga by 177Lu, a therapeutic radionuclide, for peptide labeling resulted in a slightly reduced (approximately 20%) tumor uptake and tumor residence time of 177Lu-BZH3. In contrast, 177Lu decline in the pancreas was significantly accelerated by a factor of 3 compared with that of 67Ga. PET of mice with 68Ga-BZH3 clearly delineated tumors in the mediastinal area. The promising in vivo data of 68Ga-BZH3 indicate its potential for an improved localization of GRP-r-positive tumors and also suggest its application in patients. PET may also be favorably used for GRP-r density determination, a prerequisite for therapeutic applications.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/2005; 46(4):691-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because biopsy has a high risk of hemorrhage and the findings of CT and MRI are often ambiguous, especially at the base of the skull, additional methods for the characterization of intracranial tumors are needed. Meningiomas show high expression of the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 and thus offer the possibility of receptor-targeted imaging. We used the somatostatin analog (68)Ga-DOTA-d-Phe(1)-Tyr(3)-octreotide (DOTA-TOC) labeled with the positron emitter (68)Ga (half-life, 68 min), obtained from a (68)Ge/(68)Ga generator, for PET of these tumors. In contrast to (18)F-FDG, this ligand shows high meningioma-to-background ratios. The aim was to evaluate kinetic parameters in meningiomas before radiotherapy. Dynamic PET scans (3-dimensional mode; 28 frames; ordered-subsets expectation maximization reconstruction) were acquired for 21 patients (mean age +/- SD, 51 +/- 13 y) before radiotherapy during the 60 min after intravenous injection of 156 +/- 29 MBq of (68)Ga-DOTA-TOC. We analyzed 28 meningiomas (median grade [I] according to the system of the World Health Organization) with volumes of at least 0.5 mL (mean volume, 13.1 mL) and nasal mucosa as reference tissue, showing a slight to moderate physiologic uptake. For evaluation of the (68)Ga-DOTA-TOC kinetics, the vascular fraction (vB) and the rate constants (k1, k2, k3, and k4 [1/min]) were computed using a 2-tissue-compartment model. Furthermore, receptor binding (RB) (k1 - k1 x k2) and the ratios k1/k2 and k3/k4 were calculated. Significant differences (P < 0.05; t test) between meningiomas and the reference tissue were found for the mean standardized uptake value (10.5 vs.1.3), vB (0.42 vs. 0.11), k2 (0.12 vs. 0.56), k3 (0.024 vs. 0.060), k4 (0.004 vs. 0.080), and RB (0.49 vs. 0.13). Although there was no significant difference for k1 (0.54 vs. 0.40), the ratios k1/k2 (4.50 vs. 0.71) and k3/k4 (6.00 vs. 0.75) were markedly greater in meningiomas than in reference tissue. The high uptake of (68)Ga-DOTA-TOC in meningiomas can be explained by the high values for vB and by the remarkably low values for k2 and k4, leading to significantly greater k1/k2 and k3/k4 ratios and RB in meningiomas than in reference tissue. Thus, pharmacokinetic modeling offers a more detailed analysis of biologic properties of meningiomas. In further studies, these data might serve as a basis for monitoring the somatostatin receptors of meningiomas after radiotherapy.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/2005; 46(5):763-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Improvement of the spatial resolution in positron emission tomography (PET) by incorporation of the image-forming characteristics of the scanner into the process of iterative image reconstruction. All measurements were performed at the whole-body PET system ECAT EXACT HR(+) in 3D mode. The acquired 3D sinograms were sorted into 2D sinograms by means of the Fourier rebinning (FORE) algorithm, which allows the usage of 2D algorithms for image reconstruction. The scanner characteristics were described by a spatially variant line-spread function (LSF), which was determined from activated copper-64 line sources. This information was used to model the physical degradation processes in PET measurements during the course of 2D image reconstruction with the iterative OSEM algorithm. To assess the performance of the high-resolution OSEM algorithm, phantom measurements performed at a cylinder phantom, the hotspot Jaszczack phantom, and the 3D Hoffmann brain phantom as well as different patient examinations were analyzed. Scanner characteristics could be described by a Gaussian-shaped LSF with a full-width at half-maximum increasing from 4.8 mm at the center to 5.5 mm at a radial distance of 10.5 cm. Incorporation of the LSF into the iteration formula resulted in a markedly improved resolution of 3.0 and 3.5 mm, respectively. The evaluation of phantom and patient studies showed that the high-resolution OSEM algorithm not only lead to a better contrast resolution in the reconstructed activity distributions but also to an improved accuracy in the quantification of activity concentrations in small structures without leading to an amplification of image noise or even the occurrence of image artifacts. The spatial and contrast resolution of PET scans can markedly be improved by the presented image restauration algorithm, which is of special interest for the examination of both patients with brain disorders and small animals.
    Nuklearmedizin 07/2004; 43(3):72-8. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Differentiation between tumor progression and radiation necrosis is one of the most difficult tasks in oncologic neuroradiology. Functional imaging of tumor metabolism can help with this task, but the choice of tracer is still controversial. This prospective study following up irradiated low-grade astrocytoma (LGA) was, to our knowledge, the first receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis that intraindividually evaluated the diagnostic performance of the SPECT tracers 3-[(123)I]iodo-alpha-methyl-L-tyrosine (IMT) and (99m)Tc(I)-hexakis(2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile) (MIBI) and the PET tracer (18)F-FDG. We examined 17 patients, initially with histologically proven LGA and treated by stereotactic radiotherapy, who presented with new gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-enhancing lesions (n = 26) on MRI. At that time, MRI could not differentiate between progressive tumor and nonprogressive tumor. This MRI examination was closely followed by (18)F-FDG PET and by (99m)Tc-MIBI and (123)I-IMT SPECT. Lesions were classified as progressive tumor (n = 17) or nonprogressive tumor (n = 9) on the basis of prospective follow-up (through clinical examination, MRI, and proton MR spectroscopy) for 26.6 +/- 6.6 mo after PET or SPECT. (123)I-IMT yielded the best ROC characteristics and was the most accurate for classification, with an area under the ROC curve (A(z)) of 0.991. The A(z) of (18)F-FDG (0.947) was not significantly lower than that of (123)I-IMT. The difference in the A(z) of (99m)Tc-MIBI (0.713) from the A(z) of the other tracers used in our study was highly significant (P </= 0.01). (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT was of low accuracy and, especially, of poor sensitivity even at modest specificity values. (123)I-IMT SPECT imaging of amino acid transport accurately detects tumor progression in patients with irradiated LGA. In contrast to (123)I-IMT, (18)F-FDG PET was slightly less accurate for classification, and (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT was of limited value. Imaging of amino acid transport with (123)I-IMT is a valuable additional tool for the follow-up of LGA, allowing early, noninvasive differentiation of lesions with ambiguous morphology after irradiation.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2004; 45(4):579-86. · 5.77 Impact Factor
  • European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 04/2004; 31(3):466. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since antineoplastic activity varies, sensitive methods for individual assessment of efficacy are needed. We demonstrate the clinical value of MR spectroscopy in monitoring chemotherapy in a patient with recurrent glioma after stereotactic radiotherapy. Diagnostic imaging before and after chemotherapy included contrast-enhanced MRI, single-voxel proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H MRS), (1)H MR spectroscopic imaging ((1)H SI), and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography (PET). A significant decrease in choline signal intensity was observed 2 months after chemotherapy indicating tumour chemosensitivity, in line with tumour shrinkage on MRI and decreased uptake of FDG. Assessment of early response by MRS may help to improve treatment protocols in other patients.
    Neuroradiology 03/2004; 46(2):126-9. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a group of 20 patients undergoing chemoradiation for larynx organ preservation after diagnosis of laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinoma, (18)F-fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET) was performed before the start of therapy. After i.v. application of 240 MBq FDG, a dynamic PET in 3-D-mode was performed over 90 min (Siemens CTI ECAT EXACT HR(+)). Analysis was done visually and semiquantitatively (60-90 min p.i.) following iterative reconstruction. Additional (18)F-FDG-PET investigations were done and correlated with the clinical outcome in 16/20 patients at 3 months and in 14/20 patients at 6 months after the end of therapy. In 17/20 patients (85%), the preclinical (18)F-FDG-PET correlated well with the histologically confirmed primary tumor. Three cases were false negatives. In one case this was due to an increased glucose value (203 mg%). After 3 months, 8/13 (62%) patients showed a positive correlation between clinical and PET results (sensitivity 100%, specificity 70%). After 6 months, 9/11 (82%) patients presented clinically normal PET results. PET results were false negative in one case (sensitivity 67%, specificity 88%). The data of our trial slightly reduce the enthusiasm of early (18)F-FDG-PET detection of residual disease after chemoradiation in resectable laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer. Further trials should optimize the calculation integrating the exact quantification of glucose metabolism with the aim of improving sensitivity and specificity.
    HNO 02/2004; 52(1):38-44. · 0.42 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
109.94 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2011
    • University of Leipzig
      Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
  • 2004–2011
    • German Cancer Research Center
      • • Division of Radiology
      • • Division of Clinical Cooperation Unit Radiation Oncology
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie e.V.
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2001–2007
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • • Department of Nuclear Medicine
      • • Nuclear Medicine
      • • Department of Geriatric Psychiatry
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 2000–2001
    • Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz, BfS
      Brunswyck, Lower Saxony, Germany