[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introduction Standard chemotherapy is increasingly discontinued after successful “induction” in patients (pts) undergoing 1st line treatment for mCRC. MGN1703 is a synthetic DNA-based immunomodulator acting as an agonist of TLR-9 that has shown preclinical
activity in mCRC. This study has been conducted to assess clinical efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of MGN1703 as maintenance
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acquired and inherited risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and the incidence of symptomatic VTE were investigated in patients on adjuvant chemotherapy for breast or gastrointestinal cancer (GI).
In a prospective observational study (January 2003 and February 2006), 199 GI (82 women/117 men; age range, 26-84 years) and 182 breast (180 women/2 men; age range, 29-85 years) cancer patients were enrolled and followed-up for symptomatic VTE during adjuvant chemotherapy. The effect of acquired (i.e. age, chemotherapy, tumour histotype, history of thrombosis, body mass index and smoking) and inherited risk factors [i.e. antithrombin, protein C (PC), protein S, homocysteine, activated PC resistance, factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin (PT) mutations) was prospectively evaluated.
Overall, 30 VTE events (7.87%) were recorded: 28 (7.35%) during treatment and 2 (0.52%) during the subsequent follow-up. Among all the 381 cancer patients, FVL was detected in 14 cases (3.67%) and PT mutation in 10 cases (2.62%). Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between the development of VTE and both thrombocytosis [hazard ratio (HR) 1.65; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04-2.637, P <0.0341] and a prior episode of thrombosis (HR 7.6; 95% CI, 1.77-33.1, P <0.006). FVL and PT mutations were not associated with the risk for VTE.
The present data indicate thrombocytosis and history of thrombosis as risk factors for development of a thrombotic event during adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with malignant diseases.
Annals of Oncology 09/2009; 21(4):871-6. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdp354 · 7.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess whether the addition of midazolam to dexamethasone and granisetron could ameliorate the refractory acute nausea and/or vomiting caused by a highly emetogenic platinum-based chemotherapy.
Enrolled in the study were 30 consecutive adult patients with refractory acute emesis. Nausea and vomiting were assessed by physicians and graded according to the NCI common toxicity criteria. Nausea was further self-assessed by patients using a visual analogue scale. Statistical analysis was performed by nonparametric tests.
With the introduction of midazolam, 73% of patients had a reduction of at least one grade in nausea and vomiting intensity in comparison with the previous cycle of chemotherapy. From the second cycle, six patients (23%) had complete control of acute vomiting, a benefit that usually persisted in the subsequent cycles. Five more patients achieved complete control of acute vomiting during the third course; this effect persisted in the subsequent courses as well. The average relative reduction in acute nausea and vomiting grade from the first to the second course was 48% (95% CI 34-62%) and 48% (95% CI 31-65%), respectively. A significant difference in acute nausea and vomiting over all the six courses of chemotherapy administered was recorded (Friedman ANOVA, P <0.0001). Comparing each course with any subsequent course, a significant reduction in acute nausea and vomiting was observed between the first and second course, the first and third course, and the first and fourth course.
Our results suggest that midazolam may be a useful adjunct to standard antiemetic drugs for patients receiving highly emetogenic cisplatin-based chemotherapy. A randomized trial is warranted to confirm these results.
Supportive Care Cancer 07/2005; 13(6):375-80. DOI:10.1007/s00520-004-0741-z · 2.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemotherapy regimens for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) provide typically palliation or limited symptom-free survival. We investigated the efficacy, in terms of response rate and time to progression, of a combination chemotherapy containing carboplatin and vinorelbine as a first-line treatment for inoperable NSCLC. Fifty-two consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC were treated with carboplatin AUC 6 according to Calvert's formula on day 1, combined with vinorelbine, 25 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8. Therapy was given every 3 weeks. The median age was 66 years (range, 40-80); ECOG performance status was 0 in 20, 1 in 25 and 2 in 7 patients. According to an intent-to-treat analysis, response rate (partial and complete responses) in 52 assessable patients was 18/52 (34.6%; 95% confidence interval, 22-47%). In addition, 16 patients (30.8%) had stable disease and 18/52 (34.6%; 95% CI, 22-47%) progressed while on treatment. Median time to progression and overall survival were 7, 5 and 12.3 months, respectively. Grade 3/4 granulocytopenia was observed in 18/8 patients (34.6/15.4%). Grade 3/4 nadirs generally lasted no more than 7 days, and no neutropenic fever was reported. The treatment was generally very well tolerated: grade 1 or 2 nausea and vomiting was observed in 12 and 4 patients, respectively, and grade 2 neuropathy in 5% of cases. Statistical analysis did not highlight any significant differences in clinical benefit (partial and complete responses and stable disease), time to progression, or grade 3-4 hematologic and non-hematological toxicity according to age (<or=65 vs. >65 years). Carboplatin AUC 6 and vinorelbine was found to be an efficacious regimen as a first-line treatment for inoperable lung cancer patients and was also subjectively very well tolerated in aged patients. The regimen warrants further investigation in the emerging subgroup of aged patients in order to draw firm conclusions.