[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We examined the genetic status of human leucocyte antigens (HLA), human platelet alloantigens (HPA) and neutrophil-specific antigens (NA) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). To our knowledge, the present study is the first report showing the relationship among three genetic factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus and ASO patients. HLA typing was performed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. HPA-typing and NA-typing were by a PCR-sequence-specific primer method. The incidence of HLA-DRB1*1501 was found to be significant in type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic, particularly ASO-positive patients, compared to control subjects. There were no differences in NA1/NA2 between the control and diabetic or non-diabetic ASO groups. However, the frequency of NA2/NA2 in ASO-positive diabetes and non-diabetic ASO patients was significantly higher than controls. The a/b genotype of HPA-5a/5b was significantly lower in type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic ASO-positive patients than in controls. These findings suggest that genetic studies of HLA, NA and HPA could be useful to understand the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and ASO.
International Journal of Immunogenetics 05/2006; 33(2):117-22. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-313X.2006.00581.x · 1.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The levels of interleukin-6 and platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) were measured in the blood of 137 patients with side effects from platelet concentrate (PC) transfusion with leukocyte removal filtration, P-selectin-expressing platelet and PMPs in stored PC before and after the filtration, and filtered leukocytes positive for P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1. The side effects, which were observed in 203 transfusions for 84 patients with hematologic disease and 53 patients with nonhematologic disease with no significant difference between the two groups, included urticaria (75.9%), erythema (18.7%), and fever (17.2%), but no anaphylactic reactions. The levels of interleukin-6 and PMP correlated in both groups, and were significantly higher in the hematologic disease group than in the nonhematologic disease group. The level of PMP, but not interleukin-6, was significantly higher for patients testing positive for allergic reaction than for those testing negative. In the stored PC prior to filtration, the level of interleukin-6 was normal. The level of P-selectin-expressing platelets and PMPs was elevated before filtration, but was significantly lower after filtration. Taken together, the results suggest that PMP is involved in the generation of transfusion reactions, and indicate that both platelets and PMP displaying P-selectin bind to P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 of leukocytes retained by the leukocyte filter.