Li Yan

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

Are you Li Yan?

Claim your profile

Publications (94)227.32 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate dynamic changes in plantar pressure in Chinese diabetes mellitus patients and to provide a basis for further preventing diabetic foot. This is a cross-sectional investigation including 649 Chinese diabetes mellitus patients (diabetes group) and 808 "normal" Chinese persons (non-diabetes group) with normal blood glucose levels. All the subjects provided a complete medical history and underwent a physical examination and a 75g oral glucose tolerance test. All subjects walked barefoot with their usual gait, and their dynamic plantar forces were measured using the one-step method with a plantar pressure measurement instrument; 5 measurements were performed for each foot. No significant differences were found in age, height, body weight, or body mass index between the two groups. The fasting blood glucose levels, plantar contact time, maximum force, pressure-time integrals and force-time integrals in the diabetes group were significantly higher than those in the non-diabetes group (p<0.05). However, the maximum pressure was significantly higher in the non-diabetes group than in the diabetes group (p<0.05). No difference was found in the contact areas between the two groups (P>0.05). The maximum plantar force distributions were essentially the same, with the highest force found for the medial heel, followed by the medial forefoot and the first toe. The peak plantar pressure was located at the medial forefoot for the non-diabetes group and at the hallucis for the diabetes group. In the diabetes group, the momentum in each plantar region was higher than that in the non-diabetes group; this difference was especially apparent in the heel, the lateral forefoot and the hallucis. The dynamic plantar pressures in diabetic patients differ from those in non-diabetic people with increased maximum force and pressure, a different distribution pattern and significantly increased momentum, which may lead to the formation of foot ulcers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2015 by the Wound Healing Society.
    Wound Repair and Regeneration 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/wrr.12331 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between the level of serum testosterone and atherosclerosis in middle-aged and elderly men. We conducted a population-based study of 413 males aged 40-75 years in a community in Guangzhou. We obtained the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical data, physical measurements, and laboratory results of sex hormones, blood glucose, and blood lipid of the subjects. We also measured the carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) by color Doppler ultrasonography. The subjects were divided into a carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) group (CIMT ≥ 0.9 mm) and a non-CAS group (CIMT < 0.9 mm). The medians of free testosterone (FT) were 57.41 and 59.72 pmol/L in the CAS and non-CAS groups, respectively (P = 0.005), and no significant difference was found between the two groups in total testosterone (TT). The levels of serum FT and TT were negatively correlated to CIMT, with Spearman's rank correlation coefficients of -0.126 (P = 0.011) and -0.188 (P < 0.001), respectively. The incidence rates of CAS were 23.30, 13.46, 17.48, and 7.77% in the Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups, respectively according to the quartile of FT (P for trend = 0.008) and 17.48, 18.27, 16.50, and 9.71% respectively according to the quartile of TT (P for trend = 0.116). Based on the quartile of FT and after adjustment for age, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, and HbAlc, the risk of CAS was significantly increased in the Q1 group as compared with Q4 (OR = 2.491, 95% CI 1.01-6.149), but no statistically significant differences were observed according to the quartile of TT. A low serum FT level may be a risk factor of atherosclerosis in Chinese men aged 40 years or older.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 06/2015; 21(6):536-40.
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Advanced glycation end products(AGEs) played an important role for the development of diabetic foot. In the present study we tried to show the mevalonate pathway and the key demethylation site(s) in the MMP-9 cis-promoter to component of MMP-9 by AGEs in keratinocyte. Human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) cells were exposed to AGE-BSA. The Plasmid construction and site-directed mutagenesis, Dual-luciferase reporter assays, Immunoblot, Zymography,pull down, Bisulfite sequencing PCR analysis and Western Blotting were application. The AGE-BSA could increase and more activate the MMP9 in keratinocyte. The RhoA and ROCK1 also could be activated. These affects were blocked by the simvastatin. Meanwhile, the CpG site at -562 site was largely demethylated with AGE-BSA treated. The cis-promoter sequences with -562bp site methylated had a lower activity change, which had a highest expression activity and was decreased by simvastatin. Moreover, Site-directed mutagenesis of CpG site (-562bp) in the recombinant plasmid pCpGL-571 brought more reduction of activity, and the activity of methylated mutation pCpGL-571 remain to decrease. The cis-promoter regions of MMP9 would be methylated by AGE-BSA in keratinocyte through the mevalonate pathway, special the -562bp site. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 04/2015; 411. DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2015.04.019 · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The follicular helper T cell (Tfh) and IL-21 have been shown to play an important role in many autoimmune diseases. However, less is known about their role in Graves' disease (GD). This study aimed to investigate the expression of Tfhs and related factors (IL-21, IL-21R, CXCR5, and CXCL13) in GD thyroid tissues and to explore the effect of IL-21 on thyroid follicular cells (TFCs). The expression of Tfh-related factors in GD and normal thyroid tissues was validated using immunohistochemistry, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Confocal microscopy confirmed the presence of Tfh and IL-21R on CD4(+)T-/CD19(+)B cell in GD thyroid tissues. Furthermore, the effect of IL-21 on cAMP production in TFCs upon thyroid-stimulating antibody (TSAb) stimulation was also examined by an in vitro bioassay. The increased expression of Tfh-related factors was observed in GD thyroid tissues compared to control subjects. Confocal microscopy further confirmed the presence of Tfhs and the expression of IL-21R on CD4(+)T cells and CD19(+)B cells in GD thyroid tissues. Moreover, the expression of IL-21mRNA in GD thyroid tissues was correlated with the levels of thyroid autoantibodies. Additionally, IL-21 could indirectly promote cAMP production upon TSAb stimulation in TFCs when cooperating with lymphocytes, and GD TFCs were more sensitive to IL-21 stimulation than normal TFCs. There is increased expression of Tfhs and related factors (IL-21, IL-21R, CXCR5, and CXCL13) in GD thyroid tissues, and the expression of IL-21mRNA in GD thyroid tissues was found to correlate with the serum levels of thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid hormones. Moreover, IL-21 could indirectly enhance the biological activity of TFCs upon TSAb stimulation when cooperating with lymphocytes in vitro, particularly in GD TFCs, suggesting that Tfh and IL-21 might be involved in the pathogenesis of GD.
    Immunologic Research 04/2015; 62(2). DOI:10.1007/s12026-015-8647-z · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Severe aplastic anemia is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe pancytopenia and bone marrow failure, which is caused by activated T lymphocytes. Tregs are believed to control development and progression of autoimmunity by suppressing autoreactive T cells. This study aims at understanding the quantity and function of peripheral Tregs in SAA. The expression of related biomarkers on Treg cell surface were determined by flow cytometry. The frequency of Tregs and the expression of CTLA-4 in SAA was significantly decreased than that in normal controls. The expression of perforin in SAA was significantly increased than that in controls, while expression of CD39, CD73 and GITR in Tregs did not show any significant difference between the two groups. These data revealed that CTLA-4 could be responsible for Treg abnormalities in SAA, but suppression mediated by perforin, CD39, CD73 and GITR, and survival capability of single Treg cell may not be injured. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.04.001 · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims: To determine the annual incidence and clinically relevant risk factors for foot ulceration in a large cohort study of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) patients and diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in China.Methods: To investigate a cohort of 1333 patients comprising 452 DFU patients and 881 DM patients, who underwent foot screening, physical examination and laboratory tests in eight hospitals. The patients were assessed at baseline in terms of their demographic information, medical and social history, peripheral neuropathy disease (PND) screening, periphery artery disease (PAD) screening, assessment of nutritional status and diabetic control. One year later, the patients were followed up to determine the incidence of new foot ulcers, amputation and mortality. By univariate analysis, statistically significant differences were found in age, location, gender, living alone (yes/no), occupation, smoking, hypertension, PND, PAD, nephropathy, retinopathy, cataracts, duration of diabetes, Glycosylated Hemoglobin A (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose level, postprandial blood glucose level, insulin level, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, cholesterol, triglyeride, high density lipoprotein (HDL), serum albumin, white blood cell, and body mass index (BMI). A binary logistic regression model was used to examine which of these risk factors were independent risk factors for foot ulceration.Results: A total of 687 (51.5%) of the 1333 patients were followed up for an average of 12 months; there were 458 DM patients and 229 DFU patients. A total of 46 patients died during the follow-up period; 13 were DM patients, and 33 were DFU patients. Of the 641 patients, 445(69.4%) patients were DM patients, and 196(30.6%)were DFU patients. At follow-up, 36/445 DM patients (8.1%), and 62/196 DFU patients (31.6%), developed new ulcers; 10/196 DFU patients underwent an amputation. The annual incidence of ulceration for DM patients and amputation for DFU patients were 8.1% and 5.1%, respectively. The annual mortality of the DM patients and DMF patients were 2.8% and 14.4%, respectively. A binary logistic regression model was used to examine which risk factors were independent risk factors for foot ulceration during the follow-up period, and the final results showed that nephropathy (odds ratio 2.32), insulin level (odds ratio 3.136, 2.629), and decreased HDL (odds ratio 0.427) were associated with increased risks for foot ulceration.Conclusions: Complications of diabetes affecting the feet represent a serious problem in China. The incidence of foot ulcers and amputation are much higher than that of Western countries. More intensive surveillance and aggressive care following a diagnosis of DFU and earlier referral to specialty care might improve the patient outcome. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Wound Repair and Regeneration 02/2015; 23(2). DOI:10.1111/wrr.12263 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Implantation of embryonic stem cells (ESC)-derived insulin-producing cells has been extensively investigated for treatment of diabetes in animal models. However, the in vivo behavior and migration of transplanted cells in diabetic models remains unclear. Here we investigated the location and migration of insulin-producing cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) using a dynamic MRI tracking method. SPIO labeled cells showed hypointense signal under the kidney subcapsules of diabetic mice on MRI, and faded gradually over the visiting time. However, new hypointense signal appeared in the spleen 1 week after transplantation, and became obvious with the time prolongation. Further histological examination proved the immigrated cells were insulin and C-peptide positive cells which were evenly distributed throughout the spleen. These intra-spleen insulin-producing cells maintained their protective effects against hyperglycemia in vivo, and these effects were reversed upon spleen removal. Transplantation of insulin-producing cells through spleen acquired an earlier blood glucose control as compared with that through kidney subcapsules. In summary, our data demonstrate that insulin-producing cells transplanted through kidney subcapsules were not located in situ but migrated into spleen, and rescues hyperglycemia in diabetic models. MRI may provide a novel tracking method for preclinical cell transplantation therapy of diabetes continuously and non-invasively.
    Scientific Reports 12/2014; 4:7586. DOI:10.1038/srep07586 · 5.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum γ - glutamyltransferase (GGT) is implicated in the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Albuminuria is a marker of endothelial damage and correlated with structural and functional integrity of the vasculature. Our objective was to evaluate the association between serum GGT level and prevalence of albuminuria in a Chinese population. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study in 9,702 subjects aged 40 years or older. Increased urinary albumin excretion was defined according to the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) ranges greater or equal than 30 mg/g. Low-grade albuminuria was defined according to the highest quartile of ACR in participants without increased urinary albumin excretion. The prevalence of low-grade albuminuria and increased urinary albumin excretion were respectively 23.4% and 6.6% in this population and gradually increased across the sex-specific serum GGT quartiles (all P for trend <0.05). In logistic regression analysis, compared with subjects in the lowest quartile of serum GGT level, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) in the highest quartile was 1.22 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04-1.43] for low-grade albuminuria and 1.55 (95% CI, 1.18-2.04) for increased urinary albumin excretion. In subgroup analysis, significant relationship of serum GGT level with both low-grade albuminuria and increased urinary albumin excretion were detected in women, younger subjects, overweight subjects and in those with hypertension or glomerular filtration rate greater than 90 (all P <0.05). Serum GGT level is associated with urinary albumin excretion in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.
    PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e114970. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114970 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), caused by impaired wound healing, is a common vascular complication of diabetes. The present study revealed that plasma levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) were elevated in Type 2 diabetic patients with DFU and in db/db mice. To test whether elevated PEDF levels contributes to skin wound healing delay in diabetes, endogenous PEDF was neutralized with an anti-PEDF antibody in db/db mice. Our results showed that neutralization of PEDF accelerated wound healing, increased angiogenesis in the wound skin, and improved functions and numbers of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the diabetic mice. Further, PEDF deficient mice showed higher baseline blood flow in the skin, higher density of cutaneous micro-vessels, increased skin thickness, improved circulating numbers and functions of EPCs, and accelerated wound healing, compared to the Wt mice. Over-expression of PEDF suppressed the Wnt signaling pathway in the wound skin. Lithium chloride-induced Wnt signaling activation at downstream of the PEDF-interaction site attenuated the inhibitory effect of PEDF on EPCs and rescued the wound healing deficiency in diabetic mice. Taken together, these results suggest that elevated circulating PEDF levels contribute to impaired wound healing on the process of angiogenesis and vasculogenesis through inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    Diabetes 11/2014; 64(4). DOI:10.2337/db14-1111 · 8.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Our objective was to evaluate the association between habitual daytime napping and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods We conducted a population-based study of 8,547 subjects aged 40 years or older. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to a harmonized definition from a joint statement and the recommended thresholds for the Chinese population. Information about sleep duration was self-reported. Results The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the no daytime napping group, the 0 to 1 hour daytime napping group and the more than 1 hour daytime napping group were 35.0%, 36.0% and 44.5% among the females (P < 0.0001). Increased daytime napping hours were positively associated with parameters of metabolic syndrome in the female subjects, including waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides and fasting plasma glucose (P < 0.05 for all). Multivariate adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that, compared to the no habitual daytime napping females, napping for more than 1 hour was independently associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome (odds ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval, 1.13 - 1.72). Compared to the female subjects in the no daytime napping group, those habitually napped for more than 1 hour exhibited 46% and 26% increases in the prevalence of central obesity and hypertriglyceridemia (all P < 0.05). No statistically significant associations were detected between daytime napping hours and metabolic syndrome among the male subjects. Conclusion Daytime napping is associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged non-obese Chinese women.
    Metabolism 08/2014; 63(12). DOI:10.1016/j.metabol.2014.08.005 · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Excessive expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is deleterious to the cutaneous wound-healing process in the context of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to explore whether a cationic star-shaped polymer consisting of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) core and poly(amidoamine) dendron arms (β-CD-[D3]7) could be used as the gene carrier of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to reduce MMP-9 expression for enhanced diabetic wound healing. Methods The cytotoxicity of β-CD-(D3)7 was investigated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay (MMT) method in the rat CRL1213 skin fibroblast cell line. The transfection efficiency of β-CD-(D3)7/MMP-9-small interfering RNA (siRNA) complexes was determined by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Quantitative real time (RT) polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure the gene expression of MMP-9 after the transfection by β-CD-(D3)7/MMP-9-siRNA complexes. The β-CD-(D3)7/MMP-9-siRNA complexes were injected on the wounds of streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. Wound closure was measured on days 4 and 7 post-wounding. Results β-CD-(D3)7 exhibited low cytotoxicity in fibroblast cells, and easily formed the complexes with MMP-9-siRNA. The β-CD-(D3)7/MMP-9-siRNA complexes were readily taken up by fibroblast cells, resulting in the downregulation of MMP-9 gene expression (P<0.01). Animal experiments revealed that the treatment by β-CD-(D3)7/MMP-9-siRNA complexes enhanced wound closure in diabetic rats on day 7 post-wounding (P<0.05). Conclusion β-CD-(D3)7 may be used as an efficient carrier for the delivery of MMP-9-siRNA to reduce MMP-9 expression in skin fibroblast cells and promote wound healing in diabetic rats.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 07/2014; 9:3377-87. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S66368 · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of the study was to discuss the effect of intensive nursing education on the prevention of diabetic foot ulceration among patients at high risk for diabetic foot. One hundred eighty-five diabetes patients at high risk for foot diseases were enrolled in this study and provided with intensive nursing education, including individualized education about diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot diseases, instruction in podiatric care (the right way of washing the foot, the care of foot skin, appropriate choice of shoes and socks, intense examinations and records of feet by patients themselves every day, and the assistant management of calluses). Study subjects were followed up for 2 years. Once the foot ulceration developed, the inducing factors of foot ulceration were inquired about, the ulcers were evaluated, and the incidence of foot ulceration was analyzed before and after the intensive nursing education according to self-paired data. Results showed there were highly statistically significant improvements in the intensive treatment group compared with the control group in plasma glucose, blood pressure, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. More important is that intensive nursing education helps to prevent diabetic foot ulceration and to decrease the rate of amputation among patients at high risk for diabetic foot.
    Diabetes Technology &amp Therapeutics 07/2014; 16(9). DOI:10.1089/dia.2014.0004 · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Progressive β-cell dysfunction hinders the maintenance of glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes, but comparative data on β-cell-protective therapies are lacking in the early stage of type 2 diabetes. Here we evaluated the comparative glycaemic efficacy and impact on β-cell function of three antihyperglycaemic agents that have a β-cell-protective effect, exenatide, insulin and pioglitazone, in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients.Design and methodsIn this 48-week, multicentre, parallel-group study, 416 patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive exenatide, insulin or pioglitazone. The primary endpoint was the change in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline. Secondary endpoints included effects on weight, blood pressure, lipid profiles and β-cell function assessed by homeostasis model assessment, fasting proinsulin:insulin (PI/I), disposition index (DI) and acute insulin response (AIR).ResultsAt week 48, mean [95% confidence interval (CI)] HbA1c changes from baseline were –1.8% (–1.55% to –2.05%) with exenatide, –1.7% (–1.52% to –1.96%) with insulin and –1.5% (–1.23% to –1.71%) with pioglitazone. Treatment differences were –0.20% (95% CI –0.46% to 0.06%) for exenatide versus insulin (P = 0.185), and –0.37% (95% CI –0.63% to –0.12%) for exenatide versus pioglitazone (P = 0.002). Significant improvements from baseline in AIR, PI/I and DI were observed with all treatments, with the greatest improvements in DI, as well as weight, blood pressure and lipid profile, observed with exenatide.Conclusions All three agents showed efficacy regarding glycaemic control and metabolic benefits; however, exenatide showed the greatest efficacy. β-cell function improved in all treatment groups, hence early initiation of β-cell-protective therapy may halt the decline in β-cell function in type 2 diabetes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Internal Medicine 07/2014; 277(1). DOI:10.1111/joim.12293 · 5.79 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Kan Sun · Dan Liu · Chuan Wang · Men Ren · Chuan Yang · Li Yan
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological evidence suggests that passive smoke exposure is related to the development of diabetes. However, data on this issue are controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to provide a quantitative assessment of the association between passive smoking and the risk of diabetes. We searched the Medline and Embase databases up to October 2013 to identify prospective cohort studies related to passive smoke exposure and incident diabetes. Summary effect estimates with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were derived using a fixed or random effects model, depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies. Six prospective studies that span three continents involving 154,406 participants (ages 18-74) with 7,116 new diabetes cases were included in the meta-analysis. On the basis of the Newcastle Ottawa Scale system, five studies were identified as relatively high-quality. In our primary analysis, compared to never smokers without passive smoke exposure, never smokers reporting passive smoke exposure was associated with increased risk of diabetes (pooled relative risk 1.21, 95 % CI 1.07-1.38). Such association persisted in the dose-response analysis. No indications of significant heterogeneity and publication bias were detected. Estimates of total effects were generally consistent in the sensitivity and subgroup analyses. Findings of the present meta-analysis suggest that passive smoke exposure is independently associated with the risk of diabetes. The conclusion may have a far-reaching significance for public health in countries of high smoking intensity and high incident diabetes.
    Endocrine 02/2014; 47(2). DOI:10.1007/s12020-014-0194-1 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity and insulin resistance are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Whether insulin-sensitive obese individuals are at higher risk for cardiovascular diseases is still debated. We aim to investigate whether insulin-sensitive obesity associates with prevalent cardiovascular diseases and 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. At the baseline of the Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study, 211,641 participants aged 40years or older were recruited from 25 communities across the China mainland, in 2011 to 2012. Participants were categorized by insulin-sensitive/resistant and general/abdominal obese status. Cardiovascular diseases included CHD, stroke, and myocardial infarction. Framingham risk score (FRS) was calculated according to National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III and FRS greater than 20% or cardiovascular diseases were identified as high risk for 10-year CHD. Controlling for potential confounders, compared with insulin-sensitive normal weight individuals, insulin-sensitive general obese individuals had increased risks for prevalent cardiovascular diseases (men: OR, 2.55, 95% CI, 2.04-3.18; women: 1.73, 1.45-2.06) and 10-year Framingham risk for CHD (men: 2.26, 1.86-2.76; women: 1.73, 1.46-2.06). Compared with insulin-sensitive normal waist subgroup, insulin-sensitive abdominal obesity was associated with higher risks for prevalent cardiovascular diseases (men: 1.32, 1.20-1.46; women: 1.36, 1.27-1.47) and 10-year Framingham risk for CHD (men, 1.34, 1.23-1.45; women, 1.37, 1.27-1.47). Both general and abdominal obesity were associated with elevated prevalent cardiovascular diseases and 10-year CHD risk, regardless of the presence or absence of insulin resistance.
    International journal of cardiology 01/2014; 172(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.01.073 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A longitudinal prospective study was undertook to investigate the effect of multifactorial target control, recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA), on macrovascular disease in patients with short-duration type 2 diabetes. Patients who were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or within 1 year and had no previous vascular diseases or atherosclerosis plaques were enrolled in the present study. All patients received multifactorial intervention, with pharmacologic therapy targeting hyperglycemia, hypertension, dyslipidemia, along with secondary prevention of vascular disease with aspirin when necessary according to the ADA recommendation. Patients were followed up for 8 years (2002-2010). The ultrasounds of arteries (carotid, iliac and femoral arteries) were measured every year. The primary endpoint was the time to the first occurrence of atherosclerosis plaques of the arteries. The second endpoint was clinical evidence of cardiovascular diseases. One hundred and forty-three patients were recruited, and the mean age was 50 (6.92) years. During the study, atherosclerosis plaques occurred in 49 patients. Systolic blood pressure less than 130 mmHg [hazard ratio (HR), 0.236; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.076-0.734; P = 0.013] and fasting plasma glucose less than 7 mmol/l (HR, 0.457; 95 % CI 0.210-0.994; P = 0.048) were significantly associated with decreased onset of atherosclerosis plaques. Simultaneous target control of systolic blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose reduced the risk of atherosclerosis plaques by 18 % (P = 0.097) and cardiovascular diseases by 16 % (P = 0.046). Multifactorial target treatment in patients with short-duration type 2 diabetes can effectively reduce the risk of macrovascular complications.
    Endocrine 01/2014; 47(2). DOI:10.1007/s12020-013-0158-x · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The high level of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) is thought to slow down the healing of diabetic foot ulcers. Whether it can influence the biological behaviors of skin fibroblasts and affect wound healing is still unclear. The present study aimed to observe changes in the biological behaviors of rat dermal fibroblasts induced by high expression of MMP9 and to clarify the possible mechanisms of wound healing for diabetic foot.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Graves' disease (GD) is a common autoimmune disease mainly caused by thyroid-stimulating antibodies (TSAbs). Interleukin 21 (IL-21) has recently been reported to play a vital role in the production of pathogenic autoantibodies in several autoimmune diseases, but less is known about GD. This study aimed to investigate the serum levels of IL-21 in GD patients and to explore their association with disease activity. We performed a case-control association study of 152 patients with GD and 32 healthy controls. All patients were further classified into three subgroups: the GD-untreated group (n = 70), the GD-recurrence group (n = 41), and the GD-remission group (n = 41). Serum IL-21 levels were assayed with ELISA. TSAb activity was measured by an in vitro bioassay. Changes in serum IL-21 were also observed in 12 GD patients before and after treatment. Additionally, correlations among the serum IL-21 and free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyrotropin (TSH), thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb), thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb), and TSAb were also analyzed. The serum IL-21 levels in all GD patients were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001), and specifically, both the GD-untreated and GD-recurrence groups had elevated serum IL-21 compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Moreover, serum IL-21 in newly diagnosed patients markedly decreased after treatment (P < 0.001). Additionally, the serum IL-21 levels in GD-goiter patients were higher than those of the GD-non-goiter patients (P < 0.001). However, no significant differences were found in the serum IL-21 levels in patients with or without Graves' ophthalmopathy. Importantly, serum IL-21 positively correlated with FT3, FT4, TPOAb, TGAb, and TRAb (r = 0.5053, r = 0.3266, r = 0.1792, r = 0.2445, and r = 0.4096, respectively; all P < 0.0001), and particularly with TSAb activity (r = 0.8171, P < 0.0001), negatively correlated with TSH (r = -0.2713, P < 0.0001). Serum IL-21 levels were significantly elevated in patients with GD and decreased after treatment; moreover, IL-21 may be associated with the clinical disease activity. These observations suggest that IL-21 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of GD.
    Endocrine 11/2013; 46(3). DOI:10.1007/s12020-013-0105-x · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To demonstrate whether abnormal glucose metabolism (diabetes and prediabetes) is associated with increased risk for cancer in the Chinese population and to identify factors that modify the risk of cancer among individuals with abnormal glucose metabolism. Between 2011 and 2012, 259,657 community-dwelling adults, aged 40 years and older, were recruited from 25 centers across the mainland China to participant in the baseline survey of REACTION study, with follow-up investigations performed 3, 5, 10 years later. Detailed questionnaire about lifestyles, physical and biochemical measurement, bio-samples including serum, urine, and whole blood for DNA extraction were collected for all the participants. The mean±SD age of this cohort was 57±10 years. And the prevalence of preexisting and newly diagnosed diabetes was 10.32% and 10.57%, respectively. A total of 4,511 prevalent cancer cases (988 men and 3,523 women) were identified, the prevalence was 1.79. Comparing to those with normal glucose metabolism, men with diabetes had a significantly lower adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) of stomach cancer (PR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16-0.89), and women with diabetes had significantly higher adjusted PRs of cancer of all sites (PR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.20-1.56), and cancer of the breast (PR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.21-2.00), the endometrium (PR: 1.58, 95% CI: 1.16-2.15), and the thyroid (PR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.03-2.27). The multi-center Reaction study has captured a broad range of data on physical, psychological and metabolic function as well as health status, biochemical and lifestyle information in 259,657 adults from the general population across the China.
    Journal of Diabetes 11/2013; 4(2). DOI:10.1111/1753-0407.12108 · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

765 Citations
227.32 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2015
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • Department of Endocrinology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2008–2014
    • Zhongshan University
      中山, Guangdong, China
  • 2002–2014
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Endocrinology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2007
    • 306th Hospital Of PLA
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Maternal and Children Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      Yung-ning, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, China