[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nicotinamidase is involved in the maintenance of NAD+ homeostasis and in the NAD+ salvage pathway of most prokaryotes, and it is considered as a possible drug target. The gene (ASAC_0847) encoding a hypothetical nicotinamidase has been found in the genome of the thermophilic archaeon Acidilobus saccharovorans. The product of this gene, NA_As0847, has been expressed in Escherichia coli, isolated, and characterized as a Fe2+-containing nicotinamidase (kcat/Km = 427 mM(-1)×sec(-1))/pyrazinamidase (kcat/Km = 331 mM(-1)×sec(-1)). NA_As0847 is a homodimer with molecular mass 46.4 kDa. The enzyme has high thermostability (T1/2 (60°C) = 180 min, T1/2 (80°C) = 35 min) and thermophilicity (Topt = 90°C, Ea = 30.2 ± 1.0 kJ/mol) and broad pH interval of activity, with the optimum at pH 7.5. Special features of NA_As0847 are the presence of Fe2+ instead of Zn2+ in the active site of the enzyme and inhibition of the enzyme activity by Zn2+ at micromolar concentrations. Analysis of the amino acid sequence revealed a new motif of the metal-binding site (DXHXXXDXXEXXXWXXH) for homological archaeal nicotinamidases.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, we have studied properties and structural features of the thermostable halotolerant alcohol dehydrogenase from archaeon Thermococcus sibiricus (TsAdh319). In the present work, the effect of sodium chloride on activity and thermostability was explored using circular dichroism, fluorescent spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. The activity of TsAdh319 increased in the presence of NaCl and remained at the elevated level up to 4 M of NaCl. Sodium chloride at molar concentrations reduced the optimal reaction temperature, increased both Michaelis constant (K m) and k cat values for the substrates tested, decreased affinity for the coenzyme, and stoichiometry of coenzyme binding. No changes were revealed in a secondary or quaternary structure of the protein in the presence of NaCl up to 90 °C. According to differential scanning calorimetry, the irreversible unfolding started around 90 °C, the addition of NaCl decreased T m from 104.2 to 102.2 °C, and reduced ΔH from 438 to 348 kJ/mol. Kinetic studies revealed positive effect of NaCl on the TsAdh319 thermostability. The results are interpreted in regard to TsAdh319 structural data.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 09/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: DNA ligases join single-strand breaks in double-stranded DNA by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond between adjacent 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl termini. Their function is essential for maintaining genome integrity in the replication, recombination and repair of DNA. High flexibility is important for the function of DNA ligase molecules. Two types of overall conformations of archaeal DNA ligase that depend on the relative position of the OB-fold domain have previously been revealed: closed and open extended conformations. The structure of ATP-dependent DNA ligase from Thermococcus sp. 1519 (LigTh1519) in the crystalline state determined at a resolution of 3.02 Å shows a new relative arrangement of the OB-fold domain which is intermediate between the positions of this domain in the closed and the open extended conformations of previously determined archaeal DNA ligases. However, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements indicate that in solution the LigTh1519 molecule adopts either an open extended conformation or both an intermediate and an open extended conformation with the open extended conformation being dominant.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 12/2012; 68(Pt 12):1440-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A gene encoding superoxide dismutase was revealed in the genome of the thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Acidilobus saccharovorans. A recombinant expression vector was constructed and transformed into E. coli cells. The novel recombinant superoxide dismutase was purified and characterized. The enzyme was shown to be an iron-dependent superoxide dismutase able to bind various bivalent metals in the active site. According to differential scanning calorimetric data, the denaturation temperature of the enzyme is 107.3°C. The maximal activity of the Fe(II) reconstituted enzyme defined by xanthine oxidase assay is 1700 U/mg protein. Study of the thermal stability of the superoxide dismutase samples with various metal contents by tryptophan fluorescence indicated that the thermal stability and activity of the enzyme directly depend on the nature of the reconstituted metal and the degree of saturation of binding sites.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biochemical analysis of enantioselective short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus sibiricus (TsAdh319) revealed unique polyextremophilic properties of the enzyme - half-life of 1 h at 100 °C, tolerance to high salt (up to 4 M) and organic solvents (50% v/v) concentrations. To elucidate the molecular basis of TsAdh319 polyextremophilicity, we determined the crystal structure of the enzyme in a binary complex with 5-hydroxy-NADP at 1.68 Å resolution. TsAdh319 has a tetrameric structure both in the crystals and in solution with an intersubunit disulfide bond. The substrate-binding pocket is hydrophobic, spacious and open that is consistent with the observed promiscuity in substrate specificity of TsAdh319. The present study revealed an extraordinary number of charged residues on the surface of TsAdh319, 70% of which were involved in ion pair interactions. Further we compared the structure of TsAdh319 with the structures of other homologous short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs) from thermophilic and mesophilic organisms. We found that TsAdh319 has the highest arginine and aspartate + glutamate contents compared to the counterparts. The frequency of occurrence of salt bridges on the surface of TsAdh319 is the highest among the SDRs under consideration. No differences in the proline, tryptophan, and phenylalanine contents are observed; the compactness of the protein core of TsAdh319, the monomer and tetramer organization do not differ from that of the counterparts. We suggest that the unique thermostability of TsAdh319 is associated with the rigidity and simultaneous "resilience" of the structure provided by a compact hydrophobic core and a large number of surface ion pairs. An extensive salt bridge network also might maintain the structural integrity of TsAdh319 in high salinity.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: DNA ligases join single-strand breaks in double-stranded DNA by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond between adjacent 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl termini. Their function is essential to maintain the integrity of the genome in DNA replication, recombination and repair. A recombinant ATP-dependent DNA ligase from the hyperthermophilic anaerobic archaeon Thermococcus sibiricus was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Crystals were grown by vapour diffusion using the hanging-drop method with 17%(w/v) PEG 4000 and 8.5%(v/v) 2-propanol as precipitants. A diffraction experiment was performed with a single crystal, which diffracted X-rays to 3.0 Å resolution. The crystal belonged to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 58.590, b = 87.540, c = 126.300 Å.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 02/2012; 68(Pt 2):163-5. · 0.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alcohol dehydrogenases belong to the oxidoreductase family and play an important role in a broad range of physiological processes. They catalyze the cofactor-dependent reversible oxidation of alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes or ketones. The NADP-dependent short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase TsAdh319 from the thermophilic archaeon Thermococcus sibiricus was overexpressed, purified and crystallized. Crystals were obtained using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using 25%(w/v) polyethylene glycol 3350 pH 7.5 as precipitant. The crystals diffracted to 1.68 A resolution and belonged to space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a = 55.63, b = 83.25, c = 120.75 A.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 06/2010; 66(Pt 6):655-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase, encoded by the gene Tsib_0319 from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus sibiricus, was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and characterized as an NADPH-dependent enantioselective oxidoreductase with broad substrate specificity. The enzyme exhibits extremely high thermophilicity, thermostability, and tolerance to organic solvents and salts.
Applied and environmental microbiology 04/2010; 76(12):4096-8. · 3.69 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: DNA ligases catalyze the sealing of 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl termini at single-strand breaks in double-stranded DNA and their function is essential to maintain the integrity of the genome in DNA metabolism. An ATP-dependent DNA ligase from the archaeon Thermococcus sp. 1519 was overexpressed, purified and crystallized. Crystals were obtained using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method employing 35%(v/v) Tacsimate pH 7.0 as a precipitant and diffracted X-rays to 3.09 A resolution. They belonged to space group P4(1)2(1)2, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 79.7, c = 182.6 A.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 05/2009; 65(Pt 4):368-71. · 0.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thiohalophilus thiocyanoxidans is a first halophilic sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic bacterium capable of growth with thiocyanate as an electron donor at salinity up to 4 M NaCl. The cells, grown with thiocyanate, but not with thiosulfate, contained an enzyme complex hydrolyzing thiocyanate to sulfide and ammonia under anaerobic conditions with carbonyl sulfide as an intermediate. Despite the fact of utilization of the , high cyanase activity was also detected in thiocyanate-induced cells. Three-stage column chromotography resulted in a highly purified thiocyanate-hydrolyzing protein with an apparent molecular mass of 140 kDa that consists of three subunits with masses 17, 19 and 29 kDa. The enzyme is a Co,Fe-containing protein resembling on its function and subunit composition the enzyme thiocyanate hydrolase from the Betaproteobacterium Thiobacillus thioparus. Cyanase, copurified with thiocyanate hydrolase, is a bisubstrate multisubunit enzyme with an apparent subunit molecular mass of 14 kDa. A possible role of cyanase in thiocyanate degradation by T. thiocyanoxidans is discussed.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/2008; 1774(12):1563-70. · 4.66 Impact Factor