Masanori Ando

Musashino University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (89)209.89 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The quantitative analysis of ketones using DNPH is usually conducted in the presence of an acid catalyst. However, this method may cause an analytical error because 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones have both E- and Z-stereoisomers. Purified ketone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone comprised only the E-isomer. However, under the addition of acid, both E- and Z-isomers were seen. In the case of 2-butanone-, 2-pentanone- and 2-hexanone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone, the equilibrium Z/E isomer ratios were 0.20, 0.21 and 0.22, respectively. In addition, when trace water was added to the hydrazone derivatives in acetonitrile solution, the concentration of ketone derivatives were seen to decrease and the concentration of free DNPH was seen to increase. The decomposition rate of 2-butanone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone was dependent on the concentration of acid-catalysis and reached an equilibrium state--carbonyl, DNPH, hydrazone-derivative and H2O--within 10 h at 0.1 mol L(-1) phosphoric acid solution. The equilibrium constants of ketone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones, [carbonyl] [DNPH]/[hydrazone] [H2O], were relatively large and ranged from 0.74x10(-4) to 5.9x10(-4). Hydrazone derivatives formed from 2-ketones such as 2-pentanone, 2-hexanone and 4-methyl-2-pentanone showed lower equilibrium constants than corresponding 3-ketones. Consequently, only a minimum concentration of catalytic acid must be added. The best method for the determination of ketone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones by HPLC or GC is to add phosphoric acid to both the standard reference solution and samples, forming a 0.001 mol L(-1) acid solution, and analyze after 27 h.
    Analytica chimica acta 01/2008; 605(2):198-204. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2007.10.031 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of natural compounds on reducing formaldehyde emission from plywood were investigated. Urea, catechin and vanillin were examined as the natural formaldehyde reducers. The microemission cell, with an internal volume of 35 ml, the maximum exposed test surface area of 177 cm2 and an air purge flow rate of 50 ml min−1, was used to measure specific emission rate (SER). In the case of no reducer treatment, formaldehyde emission from plywood was fast and SERs were 4.4 mg m−2 h−1 at 30 °C and 15 mg m−2 h−1 at 60 °C. When this plywood was treated with the natural compounds, the SERs of formaldehyde were decreased at all temperatures. In the case of urea treatment, the SERs of formaldehyde decreased to 0.30 mg m−2 h−1 at 30 °C and 0.65 mg m−2 h−1 at 60 °C. When the urea treatment was applied to the inside of kitchen cabinet (made from plywood; 270 cm wide, 60 cm deep, 250 cm high), the concentration of formaldehyde was reduced substantially from 1600 to 130 μg m−3. The reducing effect of formaldehyde continued during the observation period (6 months), with a mean concentration of 100 μg m−3. Reducers in the plywood would react with released formaldehyde. Application of natural compounds such as urea, catechin and vanillin could provide a simple and effective approach for suppressing formaldehyde emission from plywood.
    Atmospheric Environment 12/2007; DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.046 · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new method is described for the determination of orthophthalaldehyde in air which is used for the disinfection of various instruments (e.g. endoscopes) in hospital. Orthophthalaldehyde in air was collected with a silica gel cartridge impregnated with acidified 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH-cartridge) and derivatives were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this study, the derivatization was examined by comparing the process with three phthalaldehyde isomers (ortho-, iso- and tere-). In the case of iso- and tere-phthalaldehyde, derivatives synthesized with excess of aldehyde consisted mainly of mono-derivatives, and derivatives synthesized with excess of DNPH consisted mainly of bis-derivative. In the case of orthophthalaldehyde, derivative consisted of only bis-derivative and mono-derivative was never observed under any conditions. Orthophthalaldehyde was completely retained by the DNPH-cartridge during air sampling, however, the derivatization reaction was incomplete and unreacted orthophthalaldehyde was flushed from the cartridge during the subsequent solvent extraction process. Unreacted orthophthalaldehyde and DNPH reacted again in the extraction solvent solution. Immediately after the solvent extraction, both mono- and bis-DNPhydrazone derivatives of orthophthalaldehyde were present in the solution. However, over time, the mono-derivative decreased and bis-derivative increased until only the bis-derivative was left allowing accurate determination of the orthophthalaldehyde concentration. The transformation of mono-derivative to bis-derivative was faster in polar aprotic solvents such as acetonitrile, dimethyl sulfoxide and ethyl acetate. Transformation was found to occur most quickly in acetonitrile solvent and was completed in 4 h in this case. It was possible to measure orthophthalaldehyde in air as bis-derivative using a DNPH impregnated silica cartridge and HPLC analysis.
    Journal of Chromatography A 06/2006; 1116(1-2):165-71. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.059 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have performed two-stage transformation assay using BALB/c 3T3 cells to determine initiating and promoting activities of disodium arsenate, sodium arsenite, monomethylarsonic acid (MMAA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMAA). Treatment with these arsenic compounds at the initiating stage induced significant numbers of transformed foci when cells were post-treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Disodium arsenate was active at the concentrations of 15-30 microM, sodium arsenite 5-20 microM, and DMAA 1-2 mM. MMAA required 10 mM to induce cell transformation. The concentrations of these compounds (except DMAA) that induced transformation were highly growth-inhibitory (more than 50%). DMAA induced transformation foci at growth inhibition levels of 66 to 84%. In experiments on promoting activity, cells pretreated with a sub-threshold dose of 20-methylcholanthrene (MCA, 0.2 microg/ml) or sodium arsenite (10 microM) were used. Transformation was enhanced by post-treatment with disodium arsenate (1-10 microM), sodium arsenite (0.5-2 microM), and MMAA (200-1000 microM), but not with DMAA. Studies of gap junctional intercellular communication using the V79 cell metabolic cooperation assay showed that the arsenic compounds (except DMAA) exhibited inhibitory activity. Thus, most arsenicals were shown to have not only initiating activity, but also promoting activity. In addition, inorganic arsenicals, especially trivalent sodium arsenite, were more active than organic ones and exhibited promoting activity at one-order of magnitude lower than initiating activity. These results suggest that from the viewpoint of human hazard, more attention should be paid to the tumor promoting activity of inorganic arsenic compounds.
    Toxicological Sciences 05/2005; 84(2):344-51. DOI:10.1093/toxsci/kfi082 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 2C8 is one of the primary enzymes responsible for the metabolism of a wide range of drugs such as paclitaxel, cerivastatin, and amiodarone. We have sequenced the CYP2C8 gene from 201 Japanese subjects and found five novel nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): 511G>A (G171S), 556C>T (R186X; X represents the translational stop codon), 556C>G (R186G), 740A>G (K247R), and 1149G>T (K383N), with the allele frequency of 0.0025. The CYP2C8 variants were heterologously expressed in COS-1 cells and functionally characterized in terms of expression level, paclitaxel 6alpha-hydroxylase activity, and intracellular localization. The prematurely terminated R186X variant was undetectable by Western blotting and inactive toward paclitaxel 6alpha-hydroxylation. The G171S, K247R, and K383N variants exhibited properties similar to those of the wild-type CYP2C8. Paclitaxel 6alpha-hydroxylase activity of the R186G transfectant was only 10 to 20% that of wild-type CYP2C8. Furthermore, the R186G variant displayed a lower level of protein expression in comparison to the wild type, which was restored by the addition of a proteasome inhibitor (MG-132; Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-aldehyde). The reduced CO-difference spectral analysis using recombinant proteins from an insect cell/baculovirus system revealed that the R186G variant has a minor peak at 420 nm in addition to the characteristic Soret peak at 450 nm, suggesting the existence of improperly folded protein. These results indicate that the novel CYP2C8 SNPs, 556C>T (R186X) and 556C>G (R186G), could influence the metabolism of CYP2C8 substrates such as paclitaxel and cerivastatin.
    Drug Metabolism and Disposition 05/2005; 33(5):630-6. DOI:10.1124/dmd.105.003830 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple and rapid method has been developed for herbicides in water using temperature-responsive liquid chromatography (LC) and a column packed with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), a polymer anchored on the stationary-phase surface of modified silica. PNIPAAm reversibly changes its hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties in water in response to temperature. The method was used to determine five sulfonylurea and three urea herbicides. Separation was achieved with a 10 mM ammonium acetate (pH 3.0) isocratic aqueous mobile phase, and by changing the column temperature. The analytes were extracted from water by off-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) with an N-vinyl-pyrrolidone polymer cartridge. The average recoveries of the eight herbicides from spiked pure water, tap water and river water were 70-130% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of <10%. The limits of quantitation (LOQ) of the eight herbicides were between 1 and 4 microg l(-1).
    Journal of Chromatography A 04/2005; 1069(2):281-5. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2005.01.100 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Total arsenic withdrawn by the four shallow tubewells, used for agricultural irrigation in the arsenic-affected areas of Murshidabad district per year is 6.79 kg (mean: 1.79 kg, range: 0.56-3.53 kg) and the mean arsenic deposition on land per year is 5.02 kg ha(-1) (range: 2-9.81 kg ha(-1)). Mean soil arsenic concentrations in surface, root of plants, below ground level (0-30 cm) and all the soils, collected from four agricultural lands are 14.2 mg/kg (range: 9.5-19.4 mg/kg, n = 99), 13.7 mg/kg (range: 7.56-20.7 mg/kg, n = 99), 14.8 mg/kg (range: 8.69-21 mg/kg, n = 102) and 14.2 mg/kg (range: 7.56-21 mg/kg, n = 300) respectively. Higher the arsenic in groundwater, higher the arsenic in agricultural land soil and plants has been observed. Mean arsenic concentrations in root, stem, leaf and all parts of plants are 996 ng/g (range: <0.04-4850 ng/g, n = 99), 297 ng/g (range: <0.04-2900 ng/g, n = 99), 246 ng/g (range: <0.04-1600 ng/g, n = 99) and 513 ng/g (range: <0.04-4850 ng/g, n = 297) respectively. Approximately 3.1-13.1, 0.54-4.08 and 0.36-3.45% of arsenic is taken up by the root, stem and leaf respectively, from the soil.
    Chemosphere 03/2005; 58(6):799-810. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.08.098 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Indoor air quality is currently a growing concern, mainly due to the incidence of sick building syndrome and building related illness. To better understand indoor air quality in Japan, both indoor and outdoor air samples were collected from 50 residences in Iwate, Yamanashi, Shiga, Hyogo, Kochi and Fukuoka Prefectures. More than 100 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were analyzed by thermal desorption-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry method. The most abundant class of compounds present in the indoor air samples were identified (i.e. alkanes, alkylbenzenes and terpenes). For 30% of the indoor air samples, the sum of each VOC exceeded the current provisional guideline value for total VOC (TVOC, 400 microg/m3). The major component of these samples included linear and branched-chain alkanes (possibly derived from fossil fuels), 1,4-dichlorobenzene (a moth repellent), alpha-pinene (emission from woody building materials) and limonene (probably derived from aroma products). As an unexpected result, one residence was polluted with an extremely high concentration of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (720 microg/m3), suggesting accidental leakage from a household appliance such as a refrigerator. The results presented in this paper are important in establishing the Japanese target compound list for TVOC analysis, as well as defining the current status of indoor air quality in Japan.
    Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisei Kenkyūjo hōkoku = Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences 02/2005;
  • Journal of health science 01/2005; 51(4):514-517. DOI:10.1248/jhs.51.514 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A diffusive sampling device (DSD-DNPH) has been developed for collection of ppb levels of 21 carbonyl compounds in indoor air. It is comprised of silica gel coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) as the absorbent, a porous sintered polyethylene tube (PSP-diffusion filter) which acts as a diffusive membrane, and a small polypropylene syringe (PP-reservoir) which is used for the elution of the analytes from the absorbent. As the diffusive membrane comprises the entire cylindrical surface of the tube, it allows ‘radial’ exposure from all sides. A side-by-side comparison was made with active samplers, demonstrating good correlation (formaldehyde r2=0.992). The sampling rate (71.9 ml min−1) of formaldehyde was determined from comparison with an active sampling method and the sampling rates of other carbonyl compounds were calculated from their diffusion coefficients. These calculated sampling rates agreed with the experimental values. Little influence of wind velocity on the sampler was observed. The relative standard deviations for formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations were 5.5% and 8.6%, respectively, with face velocity from 0 to 5.0 m/s. The DSD-DNPH enables the estimation of time-weighted average concentration of carbonyl compounds. Concentrations of formaldehyde estimated by the 7-day sampling method were nearly equal to the mean value calculated from the 24-hour sampling method measured over 7 days. This confirmed that the concentration of formaldehyde could be precisely monitored by 7-day continuous sampling.
    Atmospheric Environment 12/2004; 38(37-38):6319-6326. DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.08.008 · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new method for the simultaneous determination of aliphatic carboxylic acids and aldehydes in air is described. In this work, carboxylic acids were allowed to react with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) to form the corresponding carboxylic 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazides. These derivatives have excellent thermal stability, with melting points higher than those of the corresponding hydrazones by 32-50 degrees C. C1-C4 carboxylic acid 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazides exhibited maximum absorption wavelengths of 331-334 nm and molar absorption coefficients of 1.4 x 10(4) L/mol/cm. They were completely separated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an RP-Amide C16 column. Cartridges packed with DNPH-coated silica particles (DNPH cartridge) were used for sampling formic acid and aldehydes. Formic acid was physically adsorbed on the silica particles as the first step of the sampling mechanism. Gradual reaction with DNPH followed. Formic acid reacted very slowly with DNPH at room temperature (20 degrees C), but reacted completely at 80 degrees C over 4 h. In field measurements, the sample air was drawn through a DNPH cartridge. After sampling, the cartridges were heated at 80 degrees C for 5 h and extracted with acetonitrile for HPLC analysis. Under these optimized conditions, the LOD is 0.4 ug/m(3) for an air sample collected for 24 h at 100 mL/min (144 L).
    Analytical Chemistry 11/2004; 76(19):5849-54. DOI:10.1021/ac0493471 · 5.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aldehyde-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones exist as (E)- and (Z)-geometrical isomers, and adventitious isomerization during sample preparation can cause analytical errors. Purified alkenal-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone derivatives comprise only the (E)-isomer. However, partial isomerization to the (Z)-isomer occurs upon addition of acid to attain an equilibrium isomer ratio. The UV–visible spectral properties of the isomers differ; the (Z)-isomer exhibiting a 6–10 nm lower absorption maximum compared to the (E)-isomer. Alkenal-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones having a CC double bond at the 2- or 3-position of the alkenal exhibited similar absorption maxima with an equilibrium isomer ratio (0.035) that was much lower than those of other alkenals. The CC double bond at the 3-position migrates to a position of conjugation with the CN double bond during hydrazone synthesis to form a stabilized molecular structure. Alkenal-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones having a double bond at the 4-position or greater exhibited a similar absorption maxima equilibrium isomer ratio (0.14) to alkanal-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones. The quantitative analysis of carbonyl compounds in air or water using DNPH is usually conducted in the presence of an acid catalyst. Consequently, the solution of the direct extract prepared for HPLC or GC analysis contains both (E)- and (Z)-isomers.
    Analytica Chimica Acta 10/2004; 523(2):157-163. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2004.07.030 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A multianalyte method has been developed for the confirmation and quantitation of five sulfonylureas, bensulfuron-methyl, imazosulfuron, pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, flazasulfuron and halosulfuron-methyl, and for three ureas, siduron, dymron (daimuron) and diuron (DCMU) in water. Samples were extracted from water by off-line solid-phase extraction (SPE) with a polystyrene polymer cartridge (PS2), an ODS C18-bonded silica cartridge (C18) and an N-vinylpyrrolidone polymer cartridge (Oasis). Analyte determination and quantitation were performed by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry (LC–MS). Extraction efficiency experiments demonstrated the ability of this method to extract sulfonylureas and ureas from water samples. Confirmatory analysis was carried out by LC-electrospray mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS) instrumentation equipped with a single-quadrupole mass filter. MS data acquisition was performed by a single or two-ion selected ion monitoring (SIM) program. It is required for confirmation that LC–MS retention times of the analytes are within 1% of the retention times of the standards, and that the molecular ion or characteristic fragment ion is present for each analyte. Fragment ions from distinctive structures must be obtained to identify and characterize specific herbicide molecules. These were obtained by controlled decomposition of sulfonylurea and urea adduct ions after suitably adjusting the electrical field in the desolvation chamber. The eight herbicides were also measured in fortified pure water (water purified by a milli-Q system), tap water and river water. Average recoveries of the eight analytes from water samples were in the range of 70–120% with relative standard deviations (R.S.D.s) of <20%. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) for each of the eight herbicides was between 10 and 100 ng l−1.
    Analytica Chimica Acta 04/2004; 507(2-507):211-218. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2003.11.027 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human constitutive androstane (or active) receptor (hCAR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily NR1I3, regulates the expression of several genes that are mainly involved in the metabolism of endogenous and xenobiotic compounds (e.g., CYP2B6, CYP3A4, and UGT1A1). We found four novel splice variants in the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of hCAR (NCBI reference sequence, NM_005122; designated SV0 herein). The variants designated SV1 and SV2 contained in-frame 12- and 15-base pair (bp) insertions, respectively. SV3 carried both of the insertions, and SV4 contained an in-frame 117-bp deletion. The insertion site of SV1 is located in the alpha6 helix of hCAR LBD, which makes up the ligand-binding cavity, and that of SV2 is located in the highly conserved loop between helices alpha8 and alpha9. SYBR Green real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of each splice variant revealed that the hepatic expression of SV2 was almost comparable with that of SV0 (approximately 40%), whereas other variants accounted for 6 to 10% of the total hCAR transcripts. In the reporter gene assays employing the phenobarbital-responsible enhancer module (PBREM) from CYP2B6 and UGT1A1 genes, the splice variants, except for SV1, were inactive, whereas SV1 transactivated the CYP2B6 PBREM but not the UGT1A1 PBREM reporter. A nuclear translocation assay in rat hepatocytes revealed that all the splice variants lack the responsiveness toward phenobarbital and 6-(4-chloropheny-l)imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]thiazole-5-carbaldehyde O-(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxime (CITCO) in terms of the ligand-dependent nuclear translocation. Further characterization, such as the identification of specific ligands, will help elucidate physiological implication of these hCAR splice variants.
    Molecular Pharmacology 04/2004; 65(3):496-502. DOI:10.1124/mol.65.3.496 · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have designed copolymers of N-isopropylacrylamide, environmentally-responsive polymers, which respond to temperature and other external stimuli. In this study, we designed and synthesized copolymers that introduced ion-exchange groups. These copolymers responded to the temperature and the pH, and the copolymer-grafted aminopropyl silica beads were used as HPLC packing materials. This stationary phase altered the properties from hydrophilic to hydrophobic and from charge to non-charge by temperature and pH changes. We studied the separations of organic acids and phenylthiohydantoin-amino acids using environmentally-responsive chromatography, and confirmed the effects of the ion-exchange groups. The elution behaviors of these samples were controlled by the temperature changes without organic solvents in the mobile phase. It was confirmed that the interactions between the solute and stationary phase could be freely controlled by the temperature and the pH. Environmentally-responsive chromatography is expected to be applicable to the separation of pharmaceuticals and biomolecules, such as peptides, proteins and nucleic acids.
    Journal of Chromatography A 04/2004; 1030(1-2):247-53. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2003.09.010 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carvedilol ((+/-)-1-carbazol-4-yloxy)-3-[[2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)ethyl]amino]-2-propanol) is metabolized primarily into glucuronide conjugates. In the present study, we identified the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms involved in the glucuronidation of carvedilol by thin-layer chromatography using microsomes from human liver or insect cells expressing recombinant UGT isoforms. We observed two forms of carvedilol glucuronides, namely G1 and G2, in hepatic microsomes. The glucuronidation of carvedilol was catalyzed by at least three recombinant UGT isoforms: UGT1A1, UGT2B4, and UGT2B7. UGT2B4 formed both G1 and G2, whereas UGT1A1 and UGT2B7 were responsible for the formation of glucuronide G2 and G1, respectively. The enzyme kinetics for carvedilol glucuronidation by UGT1A1, UGT2B4, and UGT2B7 in addition to human liver microsomes were examined by Lineweaver-Burk analysis. The values of Km and Vmax for human liver microsomes were 26.6 microM and 106 pmol/min/mg protein for G1, and 46.0 microM and 44.5 pmol/min/mg protein for G2, respectively. The Km values for UGT1A1, UGT2B4, and UGT2B7 for G1 and G2 (22.1-55.1 microM) were comparable to those of the liver microsomes, whereas the Vmax values were in the range of 3.33 to 7.88 pmol/min/mg protein. The Km and Vmax/Km values for UGT2B4 and UGT2B7 for G1 were similar, whereas UGT2B4 had lower Km and higher Vmax/Km values for G2 compared with those of UGT1A1. These results suggest that G1 formation is catalyzed by UGT2B4 and UGT2B7, whereas G2 is formed by UGT2B4 and UGT1A1. These three hepatic UGT isoforms may have important roles in carvedilol metabolism.
    Drug Metabolism and Disposition 03/2004; 32(2):235-9. DOI:10.1124/dmd.32.2.235 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Estriol (EO) is nominated as the prohibited ingredients in cosmetics in Japanese Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. So the analytical method using HPLC for EO was investigated. After placing 1.0 ml of EO solution at 50 microg/ml and 0.5 g of the lotion into a 10-ml volumetric flask, the methanol was added to make until that volume and this solution was used as the testing solution. Milky lotion was procedured as follows: After placing 1.0 ml of EO solution at 50 microg/ml and 0.5 g of the milky lotion into a 10-ml volumetric flask, the methanol was added to make until that volume. The suspending mixture was moved to a centrifuging tube with a cap. After centrifuging at 3000 rpm for 5 minutes, the supernatant was used as the testing solution. The testing solution of 20 microl was determined by HPLC using the ODS column (CAPCELL PAK C18 column, 4.6 x 250 mm), the mixture of water and acetonitrile (31:9) and the detection wavelength of 285 nm. The working curve from 1.0 to 6.0 microg/ml showed a linear line between the concentrations of EO and the peak area. There was no interference of peak of EO from the lotion and milky lotion.
    Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisei Kenkyūjo hōkoku = Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences 02/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: Tetracaine hydrochloride (TH) is nominated as the prohibited ingredients in cosmetics in Japanese Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. So the analytical method for TH was investigated by HPLC. After adding 5 ml of TH solution at 10 microg/ml and 2 ml of salicylic acid solution at 75 microg/ml as the internal standard to 0.5 g of the lotion, the mixture was made up to 10 ml with a mixture of water and methanol (1:1) as the testing solution. Milky lotion was procedured as follows: After adding 5 ml of TH solution at 10 microg/ml and 2 ml of internal standard solution to 0.5 g of the milky lotion, the mixture was made up to 10 ml with a mixture of water and methanol (1:1). Two milliliter of this mixture was placed into a centrifuging tube with a cap and 2 ml of hexane was added. After shaking vigorously and centrifuging, the lower layer was used as the testing solution. In the case of the cream, the other procedures were used: 0.5 g of cream was placed into a 10-ml volumetric flask and 1 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added. After dissolving, the mixture of methanol and water (1:1) was added to make up 10.0 ml. Two milliliter of this mixture was placed into a centrifuging tube with a cap and 2.0 ml of hexane was added. After shaking vigorously and centrifuging, the lower layer was used as the testing solution. The testing solution of 20 microl was analyzed by HPLC using the ODS column (CAPCELL PAK C18 column, 4.6 x 250 mm), the mixture of acetonitrile and 50 mmol/l phosphate buffer(pH 2.0)(7:3) and the detection wavelength of 303 nm. The working curves from 0.5 to 6.0 microg/ml showed a linear line between the concentrations of TH and the peak area ratio. There was no interference of peak of TH from the lotion, milky lotion and cream.
    Kokuritsu Iyakuhin Shokuhin Eisei Kenkyūjo hōkoku = Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences 02/2004;
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    ABSTRACT: 1,4-Dioxane has been classified by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the International Agency for Research on Cancer as a compound that may be carcinogenic in humans. Although there are several reports of 1,4-dioxane being detected in the environment, such as in tap water, there have been few reports on the content of 1,4-dioxane in food. We therefore studied the intake of 1,4-dioxane in food based on the average intake of food in the Kanto area of Japan as reported by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. The food was cooked in the normal manner and then homogenized in a mixer. A 20 g of sample of the homogenate was added to a solution of the purified water with 0.2 mug of 1,4-dioxane-d(8) as a surrogate and the 200 ml azeotropic solution was recovered using the steam distillation method. This solution was applied to a pair of active carbon solid-phase cartridges and the analyte was eluted from each cartridge with dichloromethane. The eluted solution was prepared for gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analysis by reduction to a volume of 1 ml under a gentle stream of nitrogen. The detection limit of the analysis was 2 mug/kg. We found that the 1,4-dioxane content of 12 food groups ranged between 2 mug/kg and 15 mug/kg. From these results, the total daily intake of 1,4-dioxane was calculated to be 0.440 mug. An intake of this magnitude corresponds to 0.055% of the calculated total daily intake (TDI) (16 mug/kg body weight/day). This study indicates that the amount of 1,4-dioxane intake contributed by food is very low and that this value does not represent a potential problem as it does not raise the risk of carcinogenesis.
    Journal of health science 02/2004; 50(1):101-107. DOI:10.1248/jhs.50.101 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The concentrations of endogenous copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) in the liver and kidney of female rats were measured after ingestion of cadmium (Cd)-pol-luted (1.06 ppm) rice or cadmium-supplemented (1.1, 5, 20, and 40 ppm) rice for 12, 18, and 22 months. In the liver, the Cd concentration increases in a dose–de-pendent manner for the first 18 months. After 18 months, the concentration remained stationary in the low-dose groups, increased in the 5-ppm group, and decreased in the 20-and 40-ppm groups. The Cu concentration was almost unchanged through the ex-periment, and the Zn concentration increased in a dose–dependent manner. In the kidneys, changes in the Cd concentration resembled that in the liver. The concentrations of Cu increased in a dose–dependent manner at 12 and 18 months. The Zn concentration increased more in the 5-ppm group but not dose de-pendently.
    Journal of health science 02/2004; 50(1). DOI:10.1248/jhs.50.92 · 0.80 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
209.89 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2008
    • Musashino University
      • Faculty of Pharmacy
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1994–2005
    • National Institute of Health Sciences, Japan
      • Division of Environmental Chemistry
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004
    • Japan Food Research Laboratories
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2000
    • Fukuoka Institute of Health and Environmental Sciences
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan