Li Wang

Institute of Chemistry and Materials, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (1000)2497.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The solubilization of rice protein isolates (RPIs) has been regarded as one of the critical and challenging processes affecting commercial availability. Simultaneous treatment with freezing and milling (freeze-milling) combined with alkali pretreatment can remarkably increase the maximum achievable amounts of soluble RPIs by up to 42 times. This study investigates the mechanism of solubilization of RPIs by freeze-milling (RPI(fm)). Structural analyses reveal that milling causes proteins to unfold with ice crystals formed inside protein bodies. Fluorescent and Fourier transform infrared spectra show that RPI(fm) possesses disrupted hydrophobic surface and exposed hydrophilic inner groups. Size exclusion chromatography results reveal that RPI(fm) exhibits disaggregation and strong water-protein interactions. These results indicate that freeze-milling may be a promising manufacturing technique in food industry. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of barley antifreeze protein (BaAFP-1) on the thermal properties and water state of dough during freezing and freeze-thaw cycles. The thermal properties of treated and untreated fresh dough, including the apparent specific heat, freezing temperature, melting temperature, freezable water content and glass transition temperature were determined and compared. For frozen dough samples, the change in melting performance, freezable water content, pasting properties, moisture content, water mobility and water distribution during freezing and freeze-thaw cycles were analysed. The results demonstrated that the addition of BaAFP-1 increased the apparent specific heat of dough after freezing, increased the freezing temperature and the temperature range of the melting and glass transition temperatures, and decreased the melting enthalpy and freezable water content of fresh dough. The addition of BaAFP-1 also influenced the melting performance and gelation property of frozen dough after freeze-thaw cycles. It slowed the decrease in moisture content, weakened the influence of the freeze-thaw treatment on water mobility and influenced the water distribution in frozen dough.
    Food Hydrocolloids 05/2015; 47. DOI:10.1016/j.foodhyd.2014.12.025 · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antifreeze proteins from cold-acclimated malting barley were extracted by infiltration-centrifugation. The infiltration time was optimised, and its extraction effect was evaluated. The effect of cold acclimation on the accumulation of barley antifreeze proteins (BaAFPs) was assessed by comparing the thermal hysteresis activities (THA) of proteins extracted from both cold acclimated and non-cold acclimated barley grain. Ultra-filtration, ammonium precipitation and column chromatography were used successively to purify the BaAFPs, and MALDI-TOF-MS/MS was used for protein identification. The results showed that infiltration-centrifugation was more targeted than the traditional method, and 10h was the optimal infiltration time. THA was observed only after cold acclimation implied that AFPs only began to accumulate after cold acclimation. After purification, BaAFP-I was obtained at an electrophoresis level and its THA was 1.04°C (18.0mgml(-1)). The mass fingerprinting and sequencing results indicated the homology of the BaAFP-I to alpha-amylase inhibitor BDAI-1 (Hordeum vulgare). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Food Chemistry 05/2015; 175:74-81. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.11.027 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quasi-homogeneous catalytic cracking of hydrocarbon fuels using high dispersible zeolite is an effective way to improve their cooling capacity for the future aircrafts. High hydrocarbon dispersible beta nanozeolites (HD-NZs) were hydrothermally synthesized using silanizing seeds with phenylaminopropyltrimethoxysilane in the organic medium (HDZ-O) and aqueous medium (HDZ-W). IR and TG characterizations indicated that the HDZ-O has more organic groups anchored on its surface than HDZ-W, leading to a higher external surface area and better dispersibility in the jet propellant JP-10 (exo-tricycle[5.2.1.02.6]decane). The quasi-homogeneous catalytic cracking of JP-10 was conducted in an electrically heated tube under 4 MPa. The heat sink of JP-10 reaches 2800 kJ/g at 700 °C using 100 ppm HDZ-O as a result of high catalytic cracking conversion of 63.3% and alkenes selectivity (57.5% in the gaseous products), compared with both thermal cracking and catalytic cracking of JP-10 with HDZ-W. The excellent catalytic performance may be contributed to its high external surface area and good dispersibility in the jet propellant JP-10 to form a quasi-homogeneous system.
    Fuel 03/2015; 144. DOI:10.1016/j.fuel.2014.12.022 · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since nanomaterials have been extensively used to immobilize enzymes/proteins for developing electrochemical biosensors, it is very important to know the effects of both the conformation and bioactivity of these immobilized enzymes/proteins and the surface condition of the nanomaterials on the electroanalytical performances of enzymes/proteins based biosensors. In this work, a series of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)-glucose oxidase (GOD) nanocomposites, such as AuNPs-GOD, AuNPs-mercaptohexadecyl acid (MHA)-GOD and AuNPs -mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA)-GOD, have been prepared to investigate the relationship among the conformation and bioactivity of GOD immobilized on AuNPs, the surface condition of AuNPs and the electroanalytical performance of biosensors. It was found that the conformation and bioactivity of GOD immobilized on AuNPs surface depended on the surface condition of AuNPs and were more or less changed. The direct electrochemistry of GOD became better with the increase of deformation. When AuNPs-GOD nanocomposites were employed to develop glucose biosensor based on the reduction of O2, the MHA and MUA layer around AuNPs seriously disrupted the performance of biosensors. The work might provide a potential guidance for developing biosensor based on nanomaterials and enzymes/proteins.
    Electrochimica Acta 03/2015; 158. DOI:10.1016/j.electacta.2015.01.114 · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The potential of solution-processable reduced graphene oxide (rGO) films as wave impedance matching layers has been examined in a broad terahertz (THz) spectral bandwidth. The THz sheet conductivities of rGO films measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy were observed to be tunable and sensitive to the film thicknesses and reduction degrees, which can be efficiently controlled by our solution-processable fabrication method. Remarkable broadband impedance matching was achieved with a suitable rGO film, as shown by the suppression of the internal reflected THz pulses from the substrate in the spectra. The underlying mechanisms have been revealed both experimentally and theoretically. This work paves the way for developing rGO-based broadband and large-scale anti-reflection layers for THz components.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry C 03/2015; 3(11). DOI:10.1039/C4TC02930E
  • Applied Catalysis B Environmental 03/2015; 164:234–240. DOI:10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.033 · 6.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two novel lanthanide coordination polymers (Ln-CPs), [Ln11(OH)8(4,4′-oba)12(CH3COO)2]·(CH3)2NH2·3DMF·nH2O, (Ln = Yb(1), Er(2), 4,4′-H2oba = 4,4′-oxybis(benzoic acid), DMF = N, N′-dimethylformamide, n = 2 for 1, 3 for 2) have been self-assembled from the reaction of hexanuclear lanthanide complexes with flexible V-shaped organic ligands under solvothermal condition. Structural analyses reveal that they are isomorphous and feature a complicated three-dimensional (3D) framework containing novel octanuclear [Ln8(OH)8]16+ units. Moreover, they show the characteristic luminescence emission bands of the corresponding lanthanide ions in the near-infrared regions in the solid-state. Additionally, magnetic property of 1 shows typical antiferromagnetic interactions.
    Inorganica Chimica Acta 03/2015; 427. DOI:10.1016/j.ica.2014.11.040 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metal or metal oxides with diverse superstructures have become one of the most promising functional materials in sensor, catalysis, energy conversion, etc. In this work, a novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-directed method to prepare metal or metal oxide superstructure was proposed. In this strategy, nodes (metal ions) in MOFs as precursors to form ordered building blocks which are spatially separated by organic linkers were transformed into metal oxide micro/nanostructure by a green method. Two kinds of Cu-MOFs which could reciprocally transform by changing solvent were prepared as a model to test the method. Two kinds of novel CuO with three-dimensional (3D) urchin-like and 3D rods-like superstructures composed of nanoparticles, nanowires and nanosheets were both obtained by immersing the corresponding Cu-MOFs into a NaOH solution. Based on the as-formed CuO superstructures, a novel and sensitive nonenzymatic glucose sensor was developed. The small size, hierarchical superstructures and large surface area of the resulted CuO superstructures eventually contribute to good electrocatalytic activity of the prepared sensor towards the oxidation of glucose. The proposed method of hierarchical superstructures preparation is simple, efficient, cheap and easy to mass production, which is obviously superior to pyrolysis. It might open up a new way for hierarchical superstructures preparation.
    Scientific Reports 02/2015; 5:8401. DOI:10.1038/srep08401 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Defects are critically important for metal oxides in chemical and physical applications. Compared with the often stud-ied oxygen vacancies, engineering metal vacancies in n-type undoped metal oxides is still a great challenge, and the effect of metal vacancies on the physiochemical properties is seldom reported. Here, using anatase TiO2, the most im-portant and widely studied semiconductor, we demonstrate that metal vacancies (VTi) can be introduced in undoped oxides easily, and the presence of VTi results in many novel physiochemical properties. Anatase Ti0.905O2 was synthesized using solvothermal treatment of tetrabutyl titanate in ethanol-glycerol mixture and then thermal calcination. Experi-mental measurements and DFT calculations on cell lattice parameters show the un-stoichiometry is caused by the presence of VTi rather than oxygen interstitials. The presence of VTi changes the charge density and valence band edge of TiO2, and an un-reported strong EPR signal at g=1.998 presents under room temperature. Contrary to normal n-type and non-ferromagnetic TiO2, Ti-defected TiO2 shows inherent p-type conductivity with high charge mobility, and room-temperature ferromagnetism stronger than Co-doped TiO2 nanocrystalline. Moreover, Ti-defected TiO2 shows much better photocatalytic performance than normal TiO2 in H2 generation (4.4-fold) and organics degradation (7.0-fold for phenol), owing to the more efficient charge separation and transfer in bulk and at semiconductor/electrolyte interface. Metal-defected undoped oxides represent a unique material; this work demonstrates the possibility to fabri-cate such material in easy and reliable way and thus provides new opportunities for multifunctional materials in chem-ical and physical devices.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 02/2015; DOI:10.1021/ja512047k · 11.44 Impact Factor
  • Functional Materials Letters 02/2015; DOI:10.1142/S1793604715500447 · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) cooking wastewater (ACWW) is a by-product resulted from the production of boiled–dried anchovies in the seafood processing industry. In this study, the protein hydrolysate of ACWW (ACWWPH) was found to have antimicrobial activity after enzymatic hydrolysis with Protamex. For the targeted screening of antibacterial peptides, liposomes constructed from Staphylococcus aureus membrane lipids were used in an equilibrium dialysis system. The hydrolysate was further purified by liposome equilibrium dialysis combined with high performance liquid chromatography. The purified antimicrobial peptide (ACWWP1) was determined to be GLSRLFTALK, with a molecular weight of 1104.6622 Da. The peptide exhibited no haemolytic activity up to a concentration of 512 μg/ml. It displayed a dose-dependent bactericidal effect in reconstituted milk. The change in cell surface hydrophobicity and membrane-permeable action of the purified ACWWP1 may have contributed to the antibacterial effect. This study suggests that liposome equilibrium dialysis can be used for the targeted screening of antimicrobial peptides.
    Food Chemistry 02/2015; 168:115–123. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.027 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (also known as statins) are widely used as lipid-lowering agents in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to reduce their cardiovascular risk. However, whether they have an effect on RA disease activity is controversial.This study aimed to investigate the effect of statins on disease activity in RA patients.A systematic literature review was performed using the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ISI WEB of Knowledge, Scopus, and Clinical Trials Register databases.Only prospective randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials comparing the efficacy of statins with placebo on adult RA patients were included. The efficacy was measured according to the ACR criteria, EULAR criteria, DAS28, HAQ score, ESR, or CRP.The Jadad score was used for quality assessment. The inverse variance method was used to analyze continuous outcomes. A fixed-effects model was used when there was no significant heterogeneity; otherwise, a random-effects model was used. For stability of results, we performed leave-one-study-out sensitivity analysis by omitting individual studies one at a time from the meta-analysis. Publication bias was assessed using Egger test.A total 13 studies involving 737 patients were included in the meta-analysis; 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis based on DAS28, while the other 2 studies were only included in the meta-analysis based on ESR or CRP. The standardized mean difference (SMD) in DAS28 between the statin group and the placebo group was -0.55 (95% CI [-0.83, -0.26], P = 0.0002), with an I value of 68%. Subgroup analysis showed that patients with more active disease tended to benefit more from statin therapy (SMD -0.73, P = 0.01) than patients with moderate or low disease activity (SMD -0.38, P = 0.03). Statin therapy also significantly reduced tender joint counts, swollen joint counts, ESR, and CRP compared with placebo, but the reduction in HAQ score and VAS was not significant (P > 0.05).This meta-analysis suggested that statin therapy might be effective in the reduction of RA disease activity measured by DAS28, TJC, SJC, as well as ESR and CRP.
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    ABSTRACT: Generally in the Chinese iron and steel industry, the electricity consumption of cryogenic air separation unit (ASU) is about 14 % of the overall electricity use. To reduce the electricity consumption, the combined variable oxygen (CVO) supply method for ASU is proposed. The exergy calculation program for ASU was developed and the detailed analysis of CVO method was performed. The results show that the general exergy efficiency (GEE) of ASU combined with a liquefaction unit is increased by 11 % to 31 %. The consumption of unit oxygen, the total electricity consumption and the overall consumption of unit oxygen (OCUO) was compared. The OCUO is a suitable method to evaluate the energy-saving potential of CVO. Compared with the load regulation method of Automatic Load Control (ALC), the OCUO and the unit consumption of compression of CVO reduced more than 4.47 % and 30 %, respectively. It means that CO2 emission of every reduction 1 % of gaseous oxygen release in a year in Chinese iron and steel industry will contribute approximately 0.75 % to the 2020s CO2 emission reduction target of China.
    Applied Thermal Engineering 02/2015; 80. DOI:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.01.074 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Many previous studies have reported the role of oat β-glucan (OBG) in the reduction of postprandial glucose, and hypothesised that OBG may form a protective layer along the intestinal wall, acting as a viscous barrier to decrease glucose transportation. This study examined whether the molecular weight (MW) and concentration of OBG affected the diffusion of glucose in vitro. The effect of OBG on glucose transportation in vitro and sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na+/K+-ATPase) activity in the everted small intestines of normal rats was also examined.ResultsIn vitro, higher MWs and concentrations of OBG, increased the inhibitory effects on glucose diffusion and glucose adsorption. The transport of glucose by glucose transporters and Na+/K+-ATPase activity in the small intestinal mucosa of rats were significantly lower following the addition of OBG than those in the absence of OBG at the same time-points throughout glucose transportation (P < 0.05). In the OBG-treated group, the Na+/K+-ATPase activity decreased with increasing OBG MW. However, as the concentration of OBG in the solution increased, the Na+/K+-ATPase activity in the small intestine increased due to stronger gastrointestinal motility. We also found that higher MWs of OBG had a greater inhibitory effect on intestinal disaccharidase activities in vitro.Conclusion Oat β-glucan is able to adsorb glucose molecules, inhibit glucose transport, decrease the concentration of available glucose and suppress disaccharidase activities in the small intestine.
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 01/2015; DOI:10.1002/jsfa.7114 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with tunable structures and properties have recently been emerged as very interesting functional materials. However, the catalytic properties of MOFs as enzymatic mimics remain to be further investigated. In this work, we for the first time demonstrated the peroxidase-like activity of copper-based MOFs (HKUST-1) by employing thiamine (TH) as a peroxidase substrate. In the presence of H2O2, HKUST-1 can catalyze efficiently the conversion of non-fluorescent TH to strong fluorescent thiochrome. The catalytic activity of HKUST-1 is highly dependent on the temperature, pH and H2O2 concentrations. As a peroxidase mimic, HKUST-1 not only has the features of low cost, high stability and easy preparation, but also follows Michaelis–Menten behaviors and shows stronger affinity to TH than horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Based on the peroxidase-like activity of HKUST-1, a simple and sensitive fluorescent method for TH detection has been developed. As low as 1 μM TH can be detected with a linear range from 4 to 700 μM. The detection limit for TH is about 50 fold lower than that of HRP-based fluorescent assay. The proposed method was successfully applied to detect TH in tablets and urine samples and showed a satisfactory result. We believed that the present work could improve the understanding of catalytic behaviors of MOFs as enzymatic mimics and find out a wider application in bioanalysis.
    Analytica Chimica Acta 01/2015; 856. DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2014.11.026 · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two scandium coordination polymers, a 2D supermolecule structure {[Sc(OH)(L1)2(H2O)]}n (1) (HL1 = isonicotinic acid), a 1D infinite chain structure {[Sc3(L2)4(H2O)4]·NO3·H2O}n (2) (H2L2 = 4,5-imidazole dicarboxylic acid), as well as a scandium complex {[Sc2(OH)2(L3)2(H2O)4]}n (3) (H2L3 = 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid), were synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. Compounds 1–3 are active heterogeneous catalysts for high-yield cyanosilylation of aromatic aldehydes in acetonitrile, particularly for p-nitrobenzaldehyde. Moreover, these three catalysts can be reused three times without significant loss in activity or mass.
    Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft 01/2015; 2015(6). DOI:10.1002/ejic.201402740 · 2.97 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7k Citations
2,497.81 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Institute of Chemistry and Materials
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2013–2015
    • Chongqing Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
    • Shangqiu Normal University
      Zhuji, Henan Sheng, China
    • Guilin University of Electronic Technology
      Ling-ch’uan, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, China
    • Xuzhou Medical College
      Suchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
      • Department of Communication Engineering
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Capital Medical University
      • Department of Pathophysiology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2008–2015
    • Jiangnan University
      • School of Food Science and Technology
      Wu-hsi, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Jiangxi Normal University
      Nan-ch’ang-shih, Jiangxi Sheng, China
    • China Agriculture University-East
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2015
    • University of Science and Technology, Beijing
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
    • National Space Science
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2015
    • Jilin University
      • • College of Chemistry
      • • Department of Phathogenobiology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative
      • • Department of Immunology
      • • State Key Lab of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
      Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 1553–2015
    • Tianjin University
      • School of Chemical Engineering and Technology
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
  • 2014
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology
      Hsi-ning-shih, Qinghai Sheng, China
    • Guangzhou Medical University
      Ch’ang-an, Shaanxi, China
    • Chongqing Cancer Hospital and Institute
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
    • The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
    • China National Rice Research Institute
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2013–2014
    • Hangzhou Normal University
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
    • China Agricultural University
      • State Key Laboratory for Agrobiotechnology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2012–2014
    • Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Shanxi Medical University
      • Department of Physiology
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China
    • Beijing Normal University
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • South China Agricultural University
      • College of Food Science
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
    • Kyoto University
      • Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS)
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2011–2014
    • Nantong University
      Tungchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Dalian Medical University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • School of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Pharmacology
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
    • Soochow University (PRC)
      Wu-hsien, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Shandong University of Science and Technology
      Tsingtao, Shandong Sheng, China
    • Chinese Center For Disease Control And Prevention
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010–2014
    • Jiangsu University
      • School of Pharmacy
      Chenkiang, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Lanzhou University
      • School of Life Science
      Kao-lan-hsien, Gansu Sheng, China
    • Wenzhou Medical College
      Yung-chia, Zhejiang Sheng, China
    • Nanjing Agricultural University
      • College of Animal Science and Technology
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • China University of Mining Technology
      Suchow, Jiangsu Sheng, China
  • 2006–2014
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      • Department of Rheumatology
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Beijing University of Technology
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Tohoku University
      • Department of Applied Chemistry
      Sendai, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 2003–2014
    • Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2012–2013
    • Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Shantou University
      • Marine Biology Institute
      Swatow, Guangdong, China
  • 2011–2013
    • Wuhan University
      • College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences
      Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China
  • 2009–2013
    • Yunnan Agricultural University
      Panlong, Shaanxi, China
    • Nanjing Medical University
      • Department of Hematology
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Fourth Military Medical University
      • • Department of Cell Biology
      • • Cell Engineering Research Center (CERC)
      • • State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology
      • • Department of Medical Genetics and Developmental Biology
      Xi’an, Liaoning, China
  • 2005–2013
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      • Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IBMS)
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Beijing Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Academy of Military Medical Sciences
      T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China
    • Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, CAS
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Beijing Institute Of Technology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2013
    • Fudan University
      • • Institute of Biodiversity Science
      • • School of Computer Science
      • • School of Life Sciences
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2001–2013
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      • • Institute of Physics
      • • Institute of Psychology
      • • Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources
      • • Institute of Biophysics
      • • State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry
      • • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Shanghai Institute of Technology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011–2012
    • Third Military Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2010–2012
    • Zhengzhou University
      Cheng, Henan Sheng, China
  • 2008–2012
    • University of Southampton
      • • Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences
      • • Department of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS)
      Southampton, England, United Kingdom
    • Shanghai Center for Bioinformation Technology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2007–2012
    • Lanzhou Jiaotong University
      Kao-lan-hsien, Gansu Sheng, China
    • Yangtze University
      • School of Food Science and Technology
      Hu-pei-ts’un, Shanxi Sheng, China
    • East China University of Science and Technology
      • School of Materials Science and Engineering
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2010–2011
    • Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009–2011
    • Tsinghua University
      • • Department of Electronic Engineering
      • • Department of Electrical Engineering
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • University of Science and Technology Liaoning
      Аньшань, Liaoning, China
  • 2006–2010
    • Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2005–2010
    • Dalian University of Technology
      • • State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals
      • • School of Chemical Engineering
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2001–2008
    • Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2004–2005
    • Beijing Jiaotong University
      • Institute of Optoelectronics Technology
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China
  • 2002–2004
    • Keio University
      • Department of Applied Chemistry
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1999–2002
    • Nanjing University
      • Department of Physics
      Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China