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Publications (2)6.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Limited phenotypic variability has been reported in patients with Bartter syndrome type I, with mutations in the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter gene (BSC). The diagnosis of this hereditary renal tubular disorder is usually made in the antenatal-neonatal period, due to the presence of polyhydramnios, premature delivery, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypercalciuria, and nephrocalcinosis. Among nine children with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis, we identified new mutations consistent with a loss of function of the mutant allele of the BSC gene in five. Three of the five cases with BSC gene mutations were unusual due to the absence of hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis in the first years of life. The diagnosis of incomplete distal renal tubular acidosis was considered before molecular evaluation. Three additional patients with hypokalemia and hypercalciuria, but without nephrocalcinosis in the first two and with metabolic acidosis instead of alkalosis in the third, were studied. Two demonstrated the same missense mutation A555T in the BSC gene as one patient of the previous group, suggesting a single common ancestor. The third patient presented with severe hypernatremia and hyperchloremia for about 2 months, and a diagnosis of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus was hypothesized until the diagnosis of Bartter syndrome type I was established by molecular evaluation. We conclude that in some patients with Bartter syndrome type I, hypokalemia and/or metabolic alkalosis may be absent in the first years of life and persistent metabolic acidosis or hypernatremia and hyperchloremia may also be present. Molecular evaluation can definitely establish the diagnosis of atypical cases of this complex hereditary tubular disorder, which, in our experience, may exhibit phenotypic variability.
    Pediatric Nephrology 10/2000; 14(10-11):940-5. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical or biochemical findings were reevaluated in 34 pediatric patients with primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. The patients were subdivided into two groups. Bartter syndrome (primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis with normocalciuria or hypercalciuria) was diagnosed in 18 patients with molar urinary calcium/creatinine ratios greater than 0.20, and Gitelman syndrome (primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis with magnesium deficiency and hypocalciuria) was diagnosed in 16 patients with molar urinary calcium/creatinine ratios less than or equal to 0.20 and plasma magnesium levels less than 0.75 mmol/L. Some clinically important differences between the groups were observed. Patients with Bartter syndrome were often born after pregnancies complicated by polyhydramnios (8/18) or premature delivery (7/18) and had short stature (11/18) or polyuria, polydipsia, and a tendency to dehydration (16/18) during infancy (12/18) or before school age (18/18). Patients with Gitelman syndrome had tetanic episodes (12/16) or short stature (3/16) at school age (14/16). We conclude that the Bartter and Gitelman syndromes represent two distinct variants of primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and are easily distinguished on the basis of urinary calcium levels.
    Journal of Pediatrics 02/1992; 120(1):38-43. · 4.04 Impact Factor