Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 11/2001; 21(5):537-9. · 3.51 Impact Factor
Available from: psu.edu
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Various studies suggest that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be useful in treating pathologic skin-picking. The authors investigated the effectiveness of fluoxetine in treating this behavior. Fifteen subjects with clinically significant skin-picking were recruited by newspaper advertisement. They received 6 weeks of open-label treatment with fluoxetine. Responders were then randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind fluoxetine or placebo. Treatment effect was assessed with standardized rating scales. All 15 subjects completed open-label treatment, and 8 were responders. Of these eight, the four randomized to double-blind fluoxetine maintained clinically significant improvement. The four randomized to placebo returned to their baseline symptom level. Larger studies are needed to determine which individuals are likely to respond to fluoxetine and the relative effectiveness of fluoxetine, other SSRIs, and other forms of treatment.
Psychosomatics 01/2001; 42(4):314-9. · 1.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adding the atypical neuroleptic risperidone to a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) has benefited patients with treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Since olanzapine and risperidone have similar serotonergic and dopaminergic receptor binding profiles, we tested the hypothesis that olanzapine augmentation would be beneficial in treatment-unresponsive OCD.
For this 8-week trial, we recruited 10 adult OCD patients (DSM-IV criteria) unresponsive to fluoxetine (> or =60 mg/day) for > or =10 weeks, which was continued throughout the trial. Other psychotropic medications were discontinued. Subjects had OCD for > or =1 year, a Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of > or =18, and no organic, psychotic, or other primary Axis I disorder. Two weeks after olanzapine, 2.5 mg/day, was added, and in the absence of responder status (Y-BOCS score decrease > or =25%) and limiting side effects, we increased the dose to 5 mg/day, and after 2 more weeks, to 10 mg/day for 4 weeks.
The subjects had failed a mean of 3.3 SRI trials (range, 1-5) and had a mean +/- SD baseline Y-BOCS score of 29.0 +/- 4.9. Nine patients completed the trial. The subjects' mean +/- SD endpoint Y-BOCS score was 24.4 +/- 8.0 (a 16% decrease). The 3 responders' Y-BOCS scores dropped 68%, 30%, and 29%, but only 1 patient was rated "much improved." He maintained this improvement during a 6-month follow-up period taking olanzapine, 5 mg/day. Improvement in OCD was independent of improvement in mood symptoms. Six patients (60%) experienced significant weight gain.
Olanzapine augmentation may benefit treatment-unresponsive OCD. Double-blind, placebo-controlled trials are warranted along with trials comparing risperidone and olanzapine augmentation.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 07/2000; 61(7):514-7. · 5.81 Impact Factor
European Neuropsychopharmacology - EUR NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOL. 01/1999; 9:305-305.