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Publications (2)7.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The radiation accident in focus here occurred in a section of Goiânia (Brazil) where more than a hundred individuals were contaminated with 137Cesium on September 1987. In order to estimate the absorbed radiation doses, initial frequencies of dicentrics and rings were determined in 129 victims [A.T. Ramalho, PhD Thesis, Subsidios a tecnica de dosimetria citogenetica gerados a partir da analise de resultados obtidos com o acidente radiologico de Goiânia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992]. We have followed some of these victims cytogenetically over the years seeking for parameters that could be used as basis for retrospective radiation dosimetry. Our data on translocation frequencies obtained by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) could be directly compared to the baseline frequencies of dicentrics available for those same victims. Our results provided valuable information on how precise these estimates are. The frequencies of translocations observed years after the radiation exposure were two to three times lower than the initial dicentrics frequencies, the differences being larger at higher doses (>1 Gy). The accuracy of such dose estimates might be increased by scoring sufficient amount of cells. However, factors such as the persistence of translocation carrying lymphocytes, translocation levels not proportional to chromosome size, and inter-individual variation reduce the precision of these estimates.
    Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 05/1998; 400(1-2):299-312. · 3.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Frequencies of symmetrical and asymmetrical exchange aberrations induced by two inhibitors of topoisomerase II, namely, 4'-(9-acridinylamino) methanesulfon-m-anisidide (m-AMSA) and etoposide (VP16), were estimated in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. The aberrations were scored using conventional Giemsa staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques, using chromosome-specific DNA libraries. Stable aberrations (translocations) were detected using two cocktails of DNA libraries specific for three chromosomes, namely 1, 3 and X and 2, 4 and 8, representing approximately 40% of the whole human genome. The frequencies of dicentrics and translocations increased in a dose-dependent manner, however, m-AMSA was found to be a more potent inducer of chromosomal aberrations in comparison with VP16 (at concentrations at which comparable frequencies of aberrations were induced) by 20- to 30-fold. When corrected for DNA content of chromosomes in each cocktail, a higher frequency of translocations with the cocktail consisting of chromosomes 2, 4 and 8 in comparison with 1, 3 and X was evident. The genomic translocation frequency calculated from chromosome painting analysis for m-AMSA exceeded that estimated for dicentrics by approximately 2-fold. However, for VP16 almost equal frequencies of both types of chromosome exchange were found.
    Mutagenesis 02/1998; 13(1):39-43. · 3.50 Impact Factor