To evaluate therapeutic and antioxidant effects of Uygur Herb Foeniculum Vulgare Mill (FVM) in hepatic fibrosis rats.
Hepatic fibrosis model was built in rats by subcutaneous injection with 40% CCl4 olive oil mixture. At the same time the rats were given high lipoid-low protein animal feeds for 5 weeks. 94 male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups :blank control group (A-group), 8 rats were feed in normal; prevention model control group (B-group), 10 rats were given saline solution by intragastric administration during make of hepatic fibrosis model; FVM prevention group (C-group), 10 rats were given FVM by intragastric administration during make of hepatic fibrosis model; model control group (D-group), FVM treatment group (E-group); Fuzhenghuayu treatment group (F-group). 22 rats in each D, E, F-group were respectively given saline solution, FVM and Fuzhenghuayu by intragastric administration after hepatic fibrosis model were built. At the 5-th weekend, A, B, C- group rats were sacrificed. At the 6-th, 7-th, 8-th, 9-th weekend, 4-6 rats in D, E, F-group were sacrificed. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), hyaluronic acid (HA), laminin (LN) and 8 - hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were detected, liver tissue homogenate superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected. Histopathologic changes were observed after H.E and Masson staining. The expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin(a-SMA) were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The data were analyzed by SPSS17.0 software.
The serum levels of ALT, AST, HA, and LN in the FVM prevention group were significantly reduced compared to the prevention model control group.(P less than 0.05). Rats in FVM treatment group appeared a marked lower serum levels of ALT, AST, HA compared to the model control group (P less than 0.05), and a distinguished lower Inflammation grade and fibrosis stage (P less than 0.05) when the liver section were assayed as well; Rats in FVM treatment group and FVM prevention group had a conspicuous lower content of MDA, 8-OHdG, fibre and a-SMA expression (P less than 0.05), a significantly higher level of SOD, GSH-Px compared to those of in the model control groups.
Foeniculum Vulgare Mill declines liver inflammation response ,and prevent the hepatic fibrosis progression,, this may be due to its effects of antioxidative results.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 03/2012; 20(3):221-6.
To investigate the biological functions of TTG1A in liver fibrosis.
Yeast two-hybrid system was used to screen proteins associated with TTG1A. Briefly, the coding sequence of TTG1A was cloned into pGBKT7 vector, and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into yeast cells AH109 ( a type), then these cells were mated with yeast cells Y187 (a type) transformed with human leukocyte cDNA library plasmid pACT2. The obtained diploid yeast cells were plated on synthetic dropout nutrient medium containing X-alpha-gal for double selection. The plasmids from positive colonies were transformed into E.coli and sequenced.
The recombinant yeast expression vector pGBKT7-TTG1A was successfully constructed. Nineteen TTG1A binding proteins, including Homo sapiens major histocompatibility complex, class II DP beta 1 (HLA-DPb1), Homo sapiens ribosomal protein L30 (RPL30), Homo sapiens nucleophosmin Homo sapiens nucleobindin 2 (NUCB2), Homo sapiens ash2, variant Gaucher disease and variant metachromatic leukodystrophy, MORF4L1, Homo sapiens ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2L3 (UBE2L3), APOA1, Homo sapiens lectin, and galectin 1, were identified.
This study may help to elucidate the molecular function of TTG1A.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 12/2009; 17(12):925-9.
To construct a cDNA subtractive library of genes transactivated by TGF beta 1 in LX02 hepatic stellate cells (HSC); to screen and to clone the regulated genes transactivated by TGF beta 1; and to elucidate the molecular biological mechanism of hepatic fibrosis mediated by TGF beta 1.
mRNA was isolated from HSC treated with TGF beta 1 or with PBS (as controls). Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique was employed to analyze the differentially expressed DNA sequence between the two groups. After restriction enzyme Rsa I digestion, small size cDNAs were obtained. Then tester cDNA was divided into two groups and ligated to specific adaptor 1 and adaptor 2, respectively. After tester cDNA was hybridized with driver cDNA twice and underwent polymerase chain reaction twice it then was subcloned into pGEM-Teasy plasmid vectors to set up the subtractive library. Amplification of the library was carried out with E. coli strain DH5a. The cDNA was sequenced and analyzed in GenBank with Blast search.
The subtractive cDNA library of genes transactivated by TGF beta 1 in HSC was constructed successfully. The amplified library contained 146 positive clones, which contained 200-1000 bp of inserts. Randomly, thirty clones were analyzed by sequencing and bioinformatics, consisting of 28 known genes and 2 unknown genes.
The subtractive cDNA library of genes transactivated by TGF beta 1 in HSC using SSH technique was constructed successfully. Some gene coding proteins are those involved in cell growth regulation, protein synthesis, signal transduction, extracellular matrix metabolism, and anti-lipid peroxidative, which gives us some new clues for the study of the mechanism of liver fibrosis.
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 12/2008; 16(11):854-7.