ABSTRACT: This prospective Phase II study assesses the clinical efficacy and complications of a treatment regimen of combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide and carboplatin and selective consolidation in advanced seminoma. Of 46 patients who entered the study between December 1992 and October 1998, 46 were evaluable. Thirty-two achieved a complete remission (70%; 95% confidence interval, 56-83%) after chemotherapy alone. Fourteen achieved a complete remission (30%; 95% confidence interval, 18-46%) after chemotherapy plus consolidation. Forty-three of the 46 patients (93%; 95% confidence interval, 82-97%) remained in remission after a median follow-up period of 27.4 months. No patient experienced nephrotoxic, neurotoxic, or ototoxic effects or hemorrhagic cystitis. No patient had neutropenic fever requiring hospitalization. Thirteen % required platelet transfusions, and 9% required transfusions of packed RBCs. For patients with advanced seminoma, treatment with cyclophosphamide and carboplatin and selective consolidation is safe and effective.
Clinical Cancer Research 02/2000; 6(1):72-7. · 7.74 Impact Factor