[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Collateral circulation is considered key for left ventricular (LV) function recovery in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). However, there are conflicting reports about the influence of collaterals on LV recovery after revascularization.
Echocardiographic assessment of regional myocardial perfusion, wall motion score (WMS), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were performed in patients with angiographically visible collateral circulation of grades 2 and 3.
The WMS and LVEF of group B (with presence of myocardial regional perfusion) were significantly improved at one month and six months compared to those of group A (with absence of myocardial regional perfusion). The correlation between myocardial regional blood flow and changes in WMS and LVEF was significant at 6 months in patients with angiographically visible collateral circulation of grade 2 and 3. Similar correlations were observed on myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) score index.
Myocardial function recovery in patients with CTO is determined by myocardial regional perfusion. MCE has important value for prognosis and risk stratification in patients with CTO undergoing cardiac catheterization.
Southern medical journal 10/2008; 101(9):894-9. · 0.92 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Detection of abnormal myocardial perfusion is crucial to the prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after they have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of myocardial perfusion by three different methods-intra-coronary myocardial contrast echocardiography (ICMCE), corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (CTFC), and coronary blood flow velocity (BFV)-and to determine the value of these different methods in the evaluation of the effect of myocardial perfusion post-PCI. For the study sixty-eight patients were divided into four groups based on selective coronary angiography results: group A (normal coronary artery), group B (75%-95% coronary artery stenosis), group C (coronary artery stenosis >95%) and group D (acute total coronary occlusion). The effect of myocardial reperfusion was evaluated using the above mentioned three methods 15 min after PCI. IC-MCE was also performed before PCI in group D. The quantitative parameters of MCE involved: contrast peak intensity, time to peak intensity and area under the curve, representing myocardial blood volume, reperfusion velocity and myocardial blood flow, respectively. No difference was found in CTFC between the coronary artery stenosis group and the normal group. BFV was slower in group D than in group A(P < 0.05). The myocardial blood volume and the myocardial blood flow of the IC-MCE quantitative parameters were markedly lower in group C compared with those in group A (P < 0.05), and there were significant differences in the three MCE parameters between group D and group A (P < 0.05). For those patients with acute or total occlusion, the levels of myocardial perfusion before and after PCI were similar, as determined by IC-MCE and visually analyzed from 61 segments (P < 0.05). Quantitative IC-MCE evaluation of myocardial reperfusion is more accurate than with the other two methods. Moreover, with qualitative IC-MCE the level of myocardial reperfusion can be viewed directly and rapidly. Thus, the IC-MCE method is of great value to coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing PCI, especially for those with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Frontiers of Medicine in China 02/2007; 1(1):62-7.