Li Li

Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

Are you Li Li?

Claim your profile

Publications (8)4.84 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: We sought to develop and validate a logistic model and a simple score system for prediction of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing operations for rheumatic aortic valve disease. Hypothesis: The simple score model we established based on the logistic model was efficient and practical. Methods: A total of 669 rheumatic patients (mean age 51 ± 9 years), who underwent routine coronary angiography (CAG) before aortic valve surgery between 1998 and 2010, were analyzed. A bootstrap-validated logistic regression model on the basis of clinical risk factors was developed to identify low-risk (≤5%) patients, from which an additive model was derived. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare discrimination, and precision was quantified by the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic. Significant coronary atherosclerosis was defined as 50% or more luminal narrowing in 1 or more major epicardial vessels determined by means of coronary angiography. Results: Eighty-eight (13.2%) patients had significant coronary atherosclerosis. Independent predictors of CAD include age, angina, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. A total of 325 patients were designated as low risk according to the bootstrap logistic regression and additive models. Of these patients, only 4 (1.2%) had single-vessel disease, and none had high-risk CAD (ie, left main trunk, proximal left anterior descending, or multivessel disease). The bootstrap logistic regression and additive models show good discrimination, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.948 and 0.942, respectively. Conclusions: Our logistic regression model can reliably estimate the prevalence of significant CAD in rheumatic patients undergoing aortic valve operation, while the additive simple score system could reliably identify the low-risk patients in whom routine preoperative angiography might be safely avoided. Clin. Cardiol. 2012 doi: 10.1002/clc.22033 The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose. Dr. Guan-xin Zhang and Dr. Bai-ling Li have contributed equally to the work. Dr. Lin-han is co-corresponding author (sh_hanlin@hotmail.com).
    Clinical Cardiology 07/2012; · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims to develop a logistic regression model and a simple score system for the prediction of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing operations for rheumatic mitral valve disease. A total of 1241 rheumatic patients (mean age 57±6 years), who underwent routine coronary angiography (CAG) before mitral valve operations between 1998 and 2009, was analyzed. To identify low-risk (≤5%) patients, a bootstrap refined logistic regression model on the basis of clinical risk factors was developed, from which an additive model was derived. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare discrimination, and precision was quantified by the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic. Significant coronary atherosclerosis was defined as 50% or more luminal narrowing in one or more major epicardial vessels by means of CAG. One hundred twenty-seven (10.2%) patients had significant coronary atherosclerosis. Independent predictors of significant CAD include age, male sex, hypertension, angina, smoking, and hypercholesterolemia. Five hundred and fifty patients were designated as low risk according to our logistic regression and additive models. Of these patients, only 6 (1.1%) had single-vessel disease, and none had multivessel disease. Our models proved more efficient than established regression models. Our logistic regression model could estimate the risk of significant CAD in rheumatic patients undergoing mitral valve operations, while the additive simple score system could reliably identify the low-risk patients in whom routine preoperative angiography might be safely avoided.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 06/2011; 41(1):82-6. · 2.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation is associated with the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the atria. It is not clear whether the expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and aldosterone synthase CYPII B2 in patients with atrial fibrillation is altered. This study aimed to investigate the mRNA expression of MR and CYPIIB2 and to reveal the correlation between CYPIIB2 mRNA and matrix remodelling in patients with atrial fibrillation. Twenty-five patients with rheumatic heart valve disease, 12 in sinus rhythm and 13 in atrial fibrillation (> or = 6 months), underwent a valve replacement operation and right and left atrial lateral wall tissue samples were obtained. The MR and CYPI IB2 expressions were analysed at the mRNA level and collagen volume fraction was determined by Van Gieson's staining. Results - Collagen volume fraction was found to be increased significantly in atrial fibrillation groups compared with sinus rhythm groups (P < 0.001). Both the mRNA of MR and CYPIIB2 were significantly increased in the fibrillation group compared with the group in sinus rhythm (P < 0.01). Collagen volume fraction significantly and positively correlated with left atrial dimension (r = 0.845, P < 0.001).There was a positive correlation between CYPI I B2 mRNA and collagen volume fraction (r = 0.757, P < 0.001). Increased expression of MR and CYPIIB2 in the atria is one of the molecular mechanisms for the development of atrial interstitial fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation.
    Acta cardiologica 10/2010; 65(5):527-33. · 0.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mRNA and protein expressions of 11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11betaHSD2) in patients with atrial fibrillation. Right and left atrial lateral wall tissue samples were obtained during mitral/aortic valve replacement operation from 25 patients with rheumatic heart valve disease (12 in sinus rhythm and 13 in chronic atrial fibrillation). Realtime quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to determine the mRNA and protein expressions of 11betaHSD2 in atria specimens. The distribution of 11betaHSD2 in human atrial tissue was analyzed by specific immunohistochemical staining. Echocardiography examination was performed before operation. The left atrial diameters were significantly higher in the atrial fibrillation group as compared to sinus rhythm group (P < 0.01). Similarly, mRNA expression of 11betaHSD2 (0.86 +/- 0.14 vs 0.33 +/- 0.12 in right atria, 0.95 +/- 0.15 vs 0.37 +/- 0.10 in left atria, all P < 0.01) and protein expression of 11betaHSD2 (1.18 +/- 0.64 vs 0.71 +/- 0.21 in right atria, P < 0.01; and 1.36 +/- 0.58 vs 0.85 +/- 0.15 in left atria, P < 0.05) were also significantly upregulated in atrial fibrillation groups than those in sinus rhythm groups. The mRNA and protein expressions of 11betaHSD2 were similar between left atria and right atria both in fibrillation and sinus groups (all P > 0.05). The special immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that 11betaHSD2 was abundant in the human atrial myocardium and located mainly in the cytoplasm. These findings suggested that upregulated 11betaHSD2 might be associated to the development and persistence of atrial fibrillation.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 05/2008; 36(5):385-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the atherosclerotic risk factors in the patients undergoing valvular surgery due to rheumatic heart disease. Consecutive 651 patients with rheumatic heart disease aged > 40 who were scheduled for valve surgery underwent diagnostic coronary angiography to delineate coronary arteries. Significant coronary artery disease was considered to be present if one or more single coronary branches showed 50% or more luminal stenosis. Symptoms, such chest pain, were evaluated. Established risk factors for CAD, such as diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, smoking, and dyslipidemia were evaluated. Previous history of myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass surgery was also recorded. Seventy-one patients (10.91%), 54 males and 17 females, were detected as with CAD. The mean age of the patients with CAD was (63 +/- 9), significantly higher than that of the patients with normal coronary arteries [(54 +/- 9), P < 0.01]. The atheromatous lesion mostly involved the left descending branch (38.12%), and 38 patients (53.52%) showed lesions in 2 or more branches. The prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in the CAD group were 32.39% and 29.58% respectively, both significantly higher than those in the non-CAD group (7.41% and 19.48% respectively; P < 0.01 and P = 0.047). The smoking rate of the CAD group was 36.62%, significantly higher than that of the non-CAD group (12.93%; P < 0.01). However, there were not significant differences in the prevalence rates of dyslipidemia and ECG ST-T changes between these 2 groups (both P > 0.05). No relation was found between the rheumatic disease and coronary disease distribution (P > 0.05). Coronary angiography should be performed in all patients clinically suspected with CAD, aged > 50 and the patients with angina and/or coronary risk factors in order to decrease the occurrence of operative complications.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2007; 87(47):3313-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mRNA and protein expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11betaHSD2), which plays a crucial role in the human heart to confer specificity on MR, in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Twenty-five patients of rheumatic heart valve disease, 12 with sinus rhythm, and 13 with chronic atrial fibrillation for 6 months or over, underwent transthoracic echocardiography and mitral/aortic valve replacement operation during which right atrial lateral wall tissue samples were obtained and left atrial lateral wall tissue samples were obtained from 14 of them in addition. Realtime quantitative PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression of MR and 11betaHSD2 and Western blotting was employed to detect the protein expression of MR and 11betaHSD2 in the atrial myocardium. The left atrial diameters increased markedly in the atrial fibrillation group as compared to the sinus rhythm group (P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of MR in the right atrium of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 5.37 +/- 1.15, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (2.67 +/- 1.09, P < 0.01), the mRNA expression of MR in the left atrium of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 5.19 +/- 1.14, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (270 +/- 0.82, P < 0.01). The mRNA expression of 11betaHSD2 in the right atrium of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 0.86 +/- 0.14, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.33 +/- 0.12, P < 0.01), and the mRNA expression of 11betaHSD2 in the left atrium of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 0.95 +/- 0.15, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.37 +/- 0.10, P < 0.01). The protein expression of MR in the right atrial tissue of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 1.65 +/- 0.72, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.86 +/- 0.33, P < 0.01); and the protein expression of MR in the left atrial tissue of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 1.72 +/- 0.62, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.97 +/- 0.37a, P < 0.05). The protein expression of 11betaHSD2 in the right atrial tissue of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 1.18 +/- 0.64, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.71 +/- 0.21, P < 0.05); and the protein expression of 11betaHSD2 in the left atrial tissue of the patients with atrial fibrillation was 1.36 +/- 0.58, significantly higher than that of the patients with sinus rhythm (0.85 +/- 0.15, P < 0.05). The mRNA expression and protein expression of MR and 11betaHSD2 were not significantly different between the left atria and right atria both in the fibrillation and sinus groups (all P > 0.05). The mRNA expression and protein expression of MR and 11betaHSD2 are upregulated in atrial fibrillation and aldosterone antagonists may be effective to arrest the development of sustained atrial fibrillation.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 03/2007; 87(12):816-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the mRNA and protein expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in patients with atrial fibrillation. Twenty-five patients with rheumatic heart valve disease, 12 in sinus rhythm and 13 in chronic atrial fibrillation (>or= 6 months), underwent transthoracic echocardiography and right and left atrial lateral wall tissue samples were obtained from these patients during mitral/aortic valve replacement operation. Realtime quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to determine the mRNA and protein expression of MR in atria specimens. The distribution of MR in human atria was analyzed by specific immunohistochemical staining. The left atrial diameters increased markedly in atrial fibrillation group compared with that in sinus rhythm group (P<0.01). And the results showed that the level of mRNA and protein of MR were increased significantly in atrial fibrillation group compared with those in sinus rhythm group (P<0.01 or 0.05), whereas the expression of mRNA and protein of MR were found to be no difference between left atria and right atria both in fibrillation and sinus groups (all P>0.05). The special immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that MR was abundant in the human atrial myocardium and MRs were located mainly in the cytoplasm of atrial cells, which were more evident in atrial fibrillation group than those in sinus rhythm group. These findings suggested that MRs were upregulated in atrial fibrillation and aldosterone antagonists may be effective in treating atrial fibrillation.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2007; 35(2):114-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect and possibility of surgical ablation of the pulmonary vein orifices under direct vision with transballoon ultrasound ablation catheter for patients with permanent atrial fibrillation and rheumatic valve disease. 21 consecutive patients with rheumatic valve disease and permanent atrial fibrillation undergoing mitral valve replacement surgery were enrolled for this study from December 2002 to September 2003. All the cases were divided into 2 groups by whether or not receiving an additive pulmonary vein ablation procedure. The test group [6 male, 5 female, aged (51.55 +/- 7.83) years, atrial fibrillation duration (5.50 +/- 5.40) years, left atrial diameter (7.27 +/- 1.39) cm, LVEF (53.95 +/- 4.54)% and NYHA class II - IV] undertook a surgical isolation of the pulmonary vein orifices by using a transballoon ultrasound ablation catheter addition to routine mitral valve replacement. The control group [3 male, 7 female, aged (53.30 +/- 7.86) years, atrial fibrillation duration (4.50 +/- 3.47) years, left atrial diameter (6.74 +/- 0.62) cm, LVEF (56.91 +/- 3.78)% and NYHA class II - IV] received the valve replacement surgery alone. There were not any complications in both groups. With an electrical cardioversion 3 months after the surgery, 73% patients in the ultrasound ablation group were free from AF over 1 year while only 10% patients in control group (P=0.003). During an average follow-up duration of (45.92 +/- 4.61) months, 63.6% were in sinus rhythm in ultrasound ablation group while none in the control group. Left atrial volume decreased significantly at 1 year after surgery compared to that at 3 months after surgery in the test group [(97.83 +/- 32.39) cm(3) vs. (150.78 +/- 52.32) cm(3), P<0.05], and the end systolic diameter (LAESD) and end diastolic diameter (LAEDD) also decreased [(4.12 +/- 0.39) cm vs. (5.09 +/- 0.98) cm, P<0.05, respectively], while there were no apparently changes in the control group. Ablation of the orifices of the pulmonary veins under direct vision with transballoon ultrasound ablation catheter during mitral valve surgery seems effective to maintain sinus rhythm after electrical cardioversion and could be performed safely. The function of left atrial and cardiac output improved during long term follow-up of 46 months.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 02/2007; 35(2):123-6.