ABSTRACT: This retrospective study aims to analyze the outcome, the prognosis factors and the long-term growth of children after extensive small bowel (SB) resection in the neonatal period.
87 children, born between 1975 and 1991 who had undergone extensive neonatal small bowel resection, were followed up over a mean period of 15 years. Anatomical data influencing PN dependency and duration were analyzed. Data on height and weight were collected and compared using growth standards. Final heights were studied for patients who achieved their puberty and compared to predicted height based on Tanner's formula. Patients were analyzed according to PN weaning and growth: children still receiving PN (group A), patients weaned from initial PN but requiring PN once again or enteral feeding (group B), and children with permanent intestinal autonomy (group C).
The overall survival is 89.7 %, depending on the date of birth. The duration of PN-dependency varies according to the intestinal length and the presence of the ileocaecal valve (ICV). All patients who remain PN dependent had less than 40 cm of small bowel and/or the absence of ICV. Patients in group B had a mean small bowel length of 35 +/- 19 cm, resection of the ICV in 50 % of cases, and a PN duration of 47.4 +/- 23.8 months. There was a significant decrease in height and weight gain within the 4 years after cessation of PN, requiring enteral or parenteral feeding. Patients in group C had a mean small bowel length of 57 +/- 19 cm, presence of ICV in 81 % of cases and a PN duration of 16.1 +/- 11.4 months. After PN weaning, they grow up normally with normal puberty and final height as predicted from genetic target height.
PN duration is influenced by the length of residual SB and the absence of ICV. With good anatomic prognosis factors and short duration of initial PN, normal long-term growth may be predicted. Conversely, poor anatomical factors and protracted initial PN require careful monitoring of growth and may sometimes require nutritional support to be restarted. The last group, permanently dependent on PN, might be candidates for intestinal transplantation.
European Journal of Pediatric Surgery 05/2005; 15(2):95-101. · 0.81 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The authors analyzed clinical signs of vascular ring anomalies together with appropriate complementary examinations and factors predictive of outcome after surgical treatment.
The authors reviewed the files of 62 patients with vascular ring abnormalities treated at Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital between January 1990 and January 2000, to analyze age at symptom onset, results of paraclinical examinations, the type of vascular ring abnormality, the surgical indications and type of surgery, and postoperative outcome. Outcomes were divided into 3 categories: cure, partial improvement, and no improvement. The chi2 test corrected with Fischer's Exact test was used for statistical analysis.
Vascular ring abnormalities were diagnosed at birth in 28% of cases and during the first year of life in 68%. Sixteen percent of patients had associated abnormalities. Recurrent pulmonary and bronchial infections occurred after one year of age. An esophagogram was done in 76% of cases and showed impression images. Endoscopy was done in 63% of cases and showed malacia in 41% of patients and stenosis in 51%. Fifty-eight children were treated surgically. The average hospital stay was 7.4 days. The average follow-up was 37.4 months (12 to 159 months). Complete improvement was obtained in 68% of cases, partial improvement in 17%, and no improvement in 15%. Preoperative malacia was more frequent in patients with partial improvement or no improvement.
Surgical treatment of congenital vascular ring abnormalities is effective and safe. Complications are rare. Prognostic factors include the quality of preoperative preparation of respiratory function, the type of abnormality, and the degree of malacia.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 05/2003; 38(4):539-43. · 1.45 Impact Factor
Transplantation Proceedings 09/2002; 34(5):1885-6. · 1.00 Impact Factor