Kun Wang

Juntendo University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (4)6.66 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Long-term histopathologic changes after bladder augmentation (BA) in rats using living-related partial bladder transplantation (LPBTx) or conventional ileocystoplasty (ICP) were compared. In this study, BA (n = 37), LPBTx (n = 18), and ICP (n = 19) were performed in 16-wk-old Lewis rats. Five donors and seven nontransplanted normal Lewis rats (controls) were also studied. Rats that survived >10 mo after BA were killed after blood biochemistry and neobladder imaging. Harvested bladders were examined with hematoxylin and eosin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). When the rats were killed, there were 16 rats in the LPBTx group and 12 rats in the ICP group; ICP rats were significantly smaller than LPBTx rats (p < 0.05). Mean duration of follow-up for the LPBTX group was 17.3 mo, for the ICP group was 13.7 mo, for the donor group was 16.1 mo, and for the control group was 19.7 mo. Mean serum pH in the LPBTx group was 7.41 +/- 0.78 and in the ICP group was 7.25 +/- 0.38. Mean base excess in the ICP group was significantly lower than in the LPBTx group (p < 0.05). Incidence of bladder calculi in the LPBTx group (6.3%) was significantly lower than in the ICP group (33.3%; p < 0.05). There was no dysplasia/malignancy/increase in PCNA in the LPBTx group. PCNA increased in the ICP group, compared with controls (p < 0.05); two (16.7%) of 12 of ICP rats had dysplasia with mitosis. Bladder capacity increased in LPBTx and ICP compared with controls (both p < 0.05). We hope to show that BA using LPBTx may result in a neobladder with fewer complications than BA using ICP; LPBTx may also decrease the risk for malignancy.
    Pediatric Research 05/2005; 57(5 Pt 1):738-43. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of allogenic penile transplantation (PTx) for creating a source of viable penile tissue for use in penile reconstruction. The entire penis from an adult Brown-Norway rat was transplanted into a pouch created in the omentum of an adult Lewis rat (fully allogenic PTx, n = 23). Recipients were divided into 2 groups according to immunosuppressant (FK506) usage: in the FK+ group, FK506 (0.6 mg/kg/d) was administered intraperitoneally until a predetermined day (day 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, or 21) after PTx, and then the grafts were harvested. No FK506 was used in the FK- group. Syngeneic PTx (n = 8) patients were used as controls. All grafts were stained with H&E for histologic examination. At laparotomy, each successfully transplanted penis appeared as a cylindrical mass in the omentum. Grafts could be mobilized to the genital area because of a long omental pedicle. Graft survival in the control and FK+ groups was 100%. Rejection was minimal to moderate in FK+ grafts harvested on days 3 and 5 after PTx and minimal or absent in FK+ grafts harvested on days 7, 10, 14, and 21. Penile structure on H&E staining was normal in FK+ and control specimens. Rejection with massive cellular infiltration was observed in all FK- grafts. FK506 successfully prevented rejection in allogenic PTx, and the authors' technique has potential for creating viable penile tissue that could be used as an option for penile reconstruction.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 01/2004; 38(12):1802-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the feasibility of transplanting adult bladder tissue to its offspring as a source of neobladder tissue for bladder augmentation. The dome of the bladder of an adult Lewis rat was excised and transplanted into the omentum of a 6-week-old offspring (living-related partial bladder transplant: n = 15). The bladder remnant of the donor rat was closed. Two weeks after transplantation, a laparotomy was performed to mobilize the bladder graft with its omental pedicle into the pelvis. Bladder augmentation (BA) was performed by anastomosing the graft to the recipient's bladder. Thirty days after BA, the entire neobladder was excised and histopathologically examined. At laparotomy, each bladder graft appeared macroscopically as a thin-walled cyst in the recipient's omentum. Each graft could be mobilized into the pelvis and anastomosed to the recipient's bladder. BA was successful in all 15 recipients, and histopathologic studies showed that the mucosa was normal throughout each neobladder. Postoperatively, donors and recipients were clinically well without any sign of urinary incontinence or obstruction. This is the first report of adult tissue being transplanted successfully into a recipient without vascular reconstruction in a rat. Living-related partial bladder transplantation for the purpose of BA is feasible using our technique and could have application as an alternative technique for BA in a rat.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 07/2003; 38(6):913-5. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The opening of the papilla of Vater represents the orifice of the embryonic hepatic diverticulum from which the ventral pancreas, common bile duct, and liver are derived. Recently, we found a strong association between congenital biliary dilatation (CBD), certain types of pancreatic ductal anatomy (PDA), and ectopic distal location of the papilla of Vater which prompted us to study the relationship between the location of the papilla of Vater and abnormal PDA. A total of 118 patients with CBD were studied. Cholangiograms documented the presence of pancreaticobiliary malunion (PBMU), the location of the papilla of Vater, and the PDA. Eleven age-matched patients with intermittent jaundice were used as controls. In the control group, the papilla of Vater was located normally in the descending portion of the duodenum in all cases. In the 118 CBD patients, the papilla of Vater was located normally in 38 (32.2%), but in 80 (67.8%), the papilla was located distal to the descending portion of the duodenum. When the papilla was located distally, the incidences of the specific types of PDA studied were significantly higher than when the papilla was located normally (p<0.01). Pancreatic duct dilatation was also more frequent if the papilla was located distally (28.7%) compared with CBD patients with a normal papilla (7.9%) or normal controls (0%) (both p<0.01). PBMU was present in all CBD patients and absent in all controls. Our study strongly suggests that abnormalities occurring during early embryological development of the hepatic diverticulum are responsible for the association between abnormal PDA and ectopic distal location of the papilla of Vater in CBD.
    Pediatric Surgery International 05/2003; 19(3):180-5. · 1.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

16 Citations
6.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2005
    • Juntendo University
      • Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan