Lin Cai

Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, California, United States

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Publications (34)113.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A pathway-based genotyping analysis suggested rs2078486 was a novel TP53 SNP, but very few studies replicate this association. TP53 rs1042522 is the most commonly studied SNP, but very few studies examined its potential interaction with environmental factors in relation to lung cancer risk. This study aims to examine associations between two TP53 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2078486, rs1042522), their potential interaction with environmental factors and risk of lung cancer. A case-control study was conducted in Taiyuan, China. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Multiplicative and additive interactions between TP53 SNPs and lifestyle factors were evaluated. Variant TP53 rs2078486 SNP was significantly associated with elevated lung cancer risk among smokers (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.08 - 2.67) and individuals with high indoor air pollution exposure (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.00-2.30). Significant or borderline significant multiplicative and additive interactions were found between TP53 rs2078486 polymorphism with smoking and indoor air pollution exposure. The variant genotype of TP53 SNP rs1042522 significantly increased lung cancer risk in the total population (OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.11-2.21), but there was no evidence of heterogeneity among individuals with different lifestyle factors. This study confirmed that TP53 rs2078486 SNP is potentially a novel TP53 SNP that may affect lung cancer risk. Our study also suggested potential synergetic effects of TP53 rs2078486 SNP with smoking and indoor air pollution exposure on lung cancer risk.
    BMC Cancer 12/2013; 13(1):607. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic variation at 8q24 is associated with prostate, bladder, breast, colorectal, thyroid, lung, ovarian, UADT, liver and stomach cancers. However, a role for variation at 8q24 in familial clustering of upper gastrointestinal cancers has not been studied. In order to explore potential inherited susceptibility, we analyzed epidemiologic data from a population-based case-control study of upper gastrointestinal cancers from Taixing, China. The study population includes 204 liver, 206 stomach, and 218 esophageal cancer cases and 415 controls. Associations between 8q24 rs1447295, rs16901979, rs6983267 and these cancers were stratified by family history of cancer. Odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals were adjusted for potential confounders: age, sex, education, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI at interview. We also adjusted for hepatitis B and aflatoxin (liver cancer) and Helicobacter pylori (stomach cancer). In a dominant model, among those with a family history of cancer, rs1447295 was positively associated with liver cancer (ORadj 2.80; 95 % CI 1.15-6.80). Heterogeneity was observed (P heterogeneity = 0.029) with rs6983267 and liver cancer, with positive association in the dominant model among those with a family history of cancer and positive association in the recessive model among those without a family history of cancer. When considered in a genetic risk score model, each additional 8q24 risk genotype increased the odds of liver cancer by two-fold among those with a family history of cancer (ORadj 2.00; 95 % CI 1.15-3.47). These findings suggest that inherited susceptibility to liver cancer may exist in the Taixing population and that variation at 8q24 might be a genetic component of that inherited susceptibility.
    Familial Cancer 09/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of DNA repair genes have been reported to modify cancer risk. This study aimed to determine SNPs of the DNA repair genes X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) and X-ray cross-complementing group 4 (XRCC4) and their association with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) susceptibility in a Chinese population. A total of 507 NSCLC patients and 662 healthy controls were recruited for genotyping. Epidemiological and clinical data were also collected for association studies. The data showed that the rs1799794 G allele in the XRCC3 gene and minor allele carriers of XRCC4, including rs1056503 and rs9293337, were inversely associated with NSCLC risk (GG vs homozygote AA), whereas the rs861537 AG or AA genotype and XRCC4 rs6869366 had a significantly increased NSCLC risk. Furthermore, tobacco smoking over 26 pack-years, a family history of lung cancer, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and negative mental status were risk factors for developing NSCLC. This study suggests that SNPs of XRCC3 and XRCC4 and other environmental factors are risk factors for developing NSCLC in this Chinese Han population.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 8 August 2013; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.78.
    Journal of Human Genetics 08/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Genetic variants of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and cleft lip and palate trans-membrane 1 like (CLPTM1L) genes in chromosome 5p15.33 region were previously identified to influence the susceptibility to lung cancer. We examined the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TERT and CLPTM1L genes with lung cancer and explored their potential modifying effects on the relationship between environmental risk factors and lung cancer in a Chinese population. METHODS: We genotyped rs2736100 (TERT) and rs401681 (CLPTM1L) SNPs in a case-control study with 399 lung cancer cases and 466 controls form Taiyuan, China. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models. Potential confounders were controlled for in the adjusted models. RESULTS: We found that the GG genotype of TERT was positively associated with lung cancer (OR=1.47, 95% CI: 1.00-2.16). The association was stronger in participants older than 60years, exposed to low indoor air pollution and adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in recessive model analysis. The GA genotype of CLPTM1L was inversely associated with lung cancer (OR=0.72, 95% CI: 0.54-0.97). The association was stronger in participants 60 years old or younger, males, heavy smokers, exposed to low indoor air pollution and SCC in dominant model analysis. Individuals carrying both TERT and CLPTM1L risk genotypes had higher risk of lung cancer (OR=1.80, 95% CI: 1.15-2.82). Significant interaction was observed between CLPTM1L and indoor air pollution in association with lung cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reiterate that genetic variants of TERT and CLPTM1L contribute to lung cancer susceptibility in Chinese population. These associations need to be verified in larger and different populations.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 02/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Green tea has been found to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-carcinogenic properties. The present study examines the association between green tea drinking and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its interactions with other risk or protective factors and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of inflammation and oxidative stress related genes. A population-based case-control study with 204 primary HCC cases and 415 healthy controls was conducted in Taixing, China. Epidemiological data were collected using a standard questionnaire. SNPs of genes of the inflammation and metabolic pathways were genotyped at the UCLA Molecular Epidemiology Laboratory. Logistic regression was performed to estimate adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Longer duration and larger quantities of green tea consumption were inversely associated with primary HCC. Individuals who drank green tea longer than 30 years were at lowest risk (adjusted OR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.19-0.96) compared with non-drinkers. A strong interaction was observed between green tea drinking and alcohol consumption (adjusted OR for interaction=3.40, 95% CI: 1.26-9.16). Green tea drinking was also observed to have a potential effect modification on HBV/HCV infection, smoking and polymorphisms of inflammation related cytokines, especially for IL-10. Green tea consumption may protect against development of primary HCC. Potential effect modifications of green tea on associations between primary HCC and alcohol drinking, HBV/HCV infection, and inflammation-related SNPs were suggested.
    Cancer epidemiology. 02/2011; 35(4):362-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Constituents of tobacco smoke can cause DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), leading to tumorigenesis. The NBS1 gene product is a vital component in DSB detection and repair, thus genetic variations may influence cancer development. We examined the associations between NBS1 polymorphisms and haplotypes and newly incident smoking-related cancers in three case-control studies (Los Angeles: 611 lung and 601 upper aero-digestive tract (UADT) cancer cases and 1040 controls; Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center: 227 bladder cancer cases and 211 controls and Taixing, China: 218 esophagus, 206 stomach, 204 liver cancer cases and 415 controls). rs1061302 was associated with cancers of the lung [adjusted odds ratio (OR(adj)) = 1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2, 2.4], larynx (OR(adj) = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.32, 0.97) and liver (OR(adj) = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.0, 2.9). Additionally, positive associations were found for rs709816 with bladder cancer (OR(adj) = 4.2, 95% CI: 1.4, 12) and rs1063054 with lung cancer (OR(adj) = 1.6, 95% CI: 1.0, 2.3). Some associations in lung and stomach cancers varied with smoking status. CAC haplotype was positively associated with smoking-related cancers: lung (OR(adj) = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.9) and UADT (OR(adj) = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1, 3.7), specifically, oropharynx (OR(adj) = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.0, 4.2) and larynx (OR(adj) = 4.8, 95% CI: 1.7, 14). Bayesian false-discovery probabilities were calculated to assess Type I error. It appears that NBS1 polymorphisms and haplotypes may be associated with smoking-related cancers and that these associations may differ by smoking status. Our findings also suggest that single-nucleotide polymorphisms located in the binding region of the MRE-RAD50-NBS1 complex or microRNA targeted pathways may influence tumor development. These hypotheses should be further examined in functional studies.
    Carcinogenesis 07/2010; 31(7):1264-71. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tobacco smoke and its metabolites are carcinogens that increase tissue oxidative stress and induce target tissue inflammation. We hypothesized that genetic variation of inflammatory pathway genes plays a role in tobacco-related carcinogenesis and is modified by tobacco smoking. We evaluated the association of 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms of 8 inflammation-related genes with tobacco-related cancers (lung, oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, bladder, and kidney) using 3 case-control studies from: Los Angeles (population-based; 611 lung and 553 upper aero-digestive tract cancer cases and 1,040 controls), Taixing, China (population-based; 218 esophagus, 206 stomach, 204 liver cancer cases, and 415 controls), and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (hospital-based; 227 bladder cancer cases and 211 controls). After adjusting for age, education, ethnicity, gender, and tobacco smoking, IL10 rs1800871 was inversely associated with oropharyngeal cancer (CT+TT vs. CC adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50–0.95), and was positively associated with lung cancer among never smokers (TT vs. CT+CC aOR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.3–5.1) and inversely with oropharyngeal cancer among ever smokers (CT+TT vs. CC aOR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.41–0.95). Among all pooled never smokers (588 cases and 816 controls), TNF rs1799964 was inversely associated with smoking-related cancer (CC vs. CT+TT aOR: 0.36, 95% CI: 0.17–0.77). Bayesian correction for multiple comparisons suggests that chance is unlikely to explain our findings (although epigenetic mechanisms may be in effect), which support our hypotheses, suggesting that IL10 rs1800871 is a susceptibility marker for oropharyngeal and lung cancers, and that TNF rs1799964 is associated with smoking-related cancers among never smokers.
    International Journal of Cancer 01/2010; 127(9):2169 - 2182. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A review presents exposure data for Et carbamate and animal carcinogenicity data and describes the pathways for the metab. of Et carbamate. The exptl. evidence suggests great similarities in the metabolic pathways of the activation of Et carbamate in rodents and humans; and the formation of proximate carcinogens that are DNA-reactive and are thought to play a major role in Et carbamate-induced carcinogenesis in rodents probably also occurs in human cells. [on SciFinder(R)]
    IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans / World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer 01/2010; 96(Alcohol Consumption and Ethyl Carbamate):1281-1378.
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    ABSTRACT: A review. The IARC Working Group evaluated the carcinogenicity of alc. beverages, focusing on beer, wine, and spirits. Based on carcinogenicity in exptl. animals, there is sufficient evidence in exptl. animals for the carcinogenicity of ethanol and of acetaldehyde. Overall, alc. beverages are considered to be carcinogenic to humans and ethanol in alc. beverages, in particular. [on SciFinder(R)]
    IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans / World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer 01/2010; 96(Alcohol Consumption and Ethyl Carbamate):41-1279.
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of stomach cancer is high in certain parts of the world, particularly in China. Chronic Helicobacter pylori infection is the main risk factor, yet the vast majority of infected individuals remain unaffected with cancer, suggesting an important role of other risk factors. We conducted a population-based case-control study including 196 incident stomach cancer cases and 397 matched controls to test the hypothesis that adverse single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes and haplotypes within genes of the DNA repair and immune regulatory pathways are associated with increased stomach cancer risk. Genomic DNA isolated from blood samples was used for genotyping, and results were obtained for 57 putatively functional SNPs in 28 genes. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were obtained from adjusted logistic regression models. For PTGS2, a gene involved in the inflammatory response, associations with stomach cancer risk were observed for TC genotype carriers of rs5279 (OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.08-0.73), CT genotype carriers of the 3'-untranslated region SNP rs689470 (OR, 7.49; 95% CI, 1.21-46.20), and CTTC haplotype carriers of rs5277, rs5278, rs5279, and rs689470 (OR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.18-0.95). For ERCC5, a gene involved in nucleotide excision repair, TC genotype carriers of rs1047768 (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.41-1.03), GC genotype carriers of the nonsynonymous SNP rs2227869 (OR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.13-0.67), and CCG haplotype carriers of rs1047768, rs17655, and rs2227869 (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.20-1.04) were associated with reduced stomach cancer risk. In conclusion, PTGS2 and ERCC5 were associated with stomach cancer risk in a Chinese population.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 09/2009; 18(8):2304-9. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent genome-wide association studies identified key single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 8q24 region to be associated with prostate cancer. 8q24 SNPs have also been associated with colorectal cancer, suggesting that this region may not be specifically associated to just prostate cancer. To date, the association between these polymorphisms and tobacco smoking-related cancer sites remains unknown. Using epidemiologic data and biological samples previously collected in three case-control studies from U.S. and Chinese populations, we selected and genotyped one SNP from each of the three previously determined "regions" within the 8q24 loci, rs1447295 (region 1), rs16901979 (region 2), and rs6983267 (region 3), and examined their association with cancers of the lung, oropharynx, nasopharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, bladder, and kidney. We observed noteworthy associations between rs6983267 and upper aerodigestive tract cancers [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj), 1.69; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.28-2.24], particularly in oropharynx (ORadj, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.30-2.49) and larynx (ORadj, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.12-3.72). We also observed a suggestive association between rs6983267 and liver cancer (ORadj, 1.51; 95% CI, 0.99-2.31). When we stratified our analysis by smoking status, rs6983267 was positively associated with lung cancer among ever-smokers (ORadj, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.05-2.00) and inversely associated with bladder cancer among ever-smokers (ORadj, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.14-0.83). Associations were observed between rs16901979 and upper aerodigestive tract cancer among never-smokers and between rs1447295 and liver cancer among ever-smokers. Our results suggest variants of the 8q24 chromosome may play an important role in smoking-related cancer development. Functional and large epidemiologic studies should be conducted to further investigate the association of 8q24 SNPs with smoking-related cancers.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 12/2008; 17(11):3193-202. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), which is expressed in the liver, may be involved in both DNA methylation and DNA synthesis. It is also indicated as a potential risk factor of liver cancer in patients with chronic liver disease. To date, no study has been conducted on MTHFR and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using a population-based design. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene on the risk of primary liver cancer and their possible effect modifications on various environmental risk factors. A population-based case-control study was conducted in Taixing, China. MTHFR C677T and A1298C were assayed by PCR-RFLP techniques. The frequency of MTHFR 677 C/C wild homozygotes genotype was 25.8% in cases, which was lower than that in controls (34.5%). The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for the MTHFR 677 C/T and T/T genotype were 1.66(95% CI: 1.06-2.61), 1.21(95% CI: 0.65-2.28) respectively when compared with the MTHFR 677 C/C genotype. Subjects carrying any T genotype have the increased risk of 1.55(95% CI: 1.01-2.40) for development of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. A high degree of linkage disequilibrium was observed between the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms, with the D' of 0.887 and p < 0.01. The MTHFR 677 any T genotype was suggested to have potentially more than multiplicative interactions with raw water drinking with p-value for adjusted interaction of 0.03. We observed that the MTHFR 677 C/T genotype was associated with an increased risk of primary liver cancer in a Chinese population. The polymorphism of MTHFR 677 might modify the effects of raw water drinking on the risk of primary hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Cancer Causes and Control 09/2007; 18(6):665-75. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In February, 2007, 26 scientists from 15 countries met at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France, to reassess the carcinogenicity of alcoholic beverages and of ethyl carbamate (urethane), a frequent contaminant of fermented foods and beverages. These assessments will be published as volume 96 of the IARC Monographs. This paper reports on the assessment of alcoholic beverages.
    The Lancet Oncology 05/2007; 8(4):292-3. · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) Gly388Arg polymorphism on bladder cancer is unknown. We found no clear correlations between the FGFR4 genotype and risk of bladder cancer or pathological parameters. Neither the polymorphism nor TP53 mutation status was an independent predictor of prognosis, but they might act jointly on the disease-specific survival of patients.
    British Journal of Cancer 01/2007; 95(11):1455-8. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stomach cancer is a serious public health problem in China. 5,10-Methylenetetralydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) may be involved in both DNA methylation and DNA synthesis. Folate deficiency is associated with cancer risk that may be modulated by a genetic variation in the MTHFR gene in folate metabolism. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the association between polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene and the risk of stomach cancer. This study also explored the modification effects of fruit and vegetable intake (one of the main constituents is folate) on the risk of this disease. A population-based case-control study was conducted in Taixing, China, consisting of 206 newly diagnosed cases with primary stomach cancer and 415 healthy population controls. Polymorphisms of MTHFR C677T and A1298C were assayed by polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) techniques. The data were analysed using the logistic regression model. No obvious association between the MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and the risk of stomach cancer was observed in this study. The frequencies of 677 C/C, C/T, and T/T were 34.5, 50.9, and 14.6%, respectively, in controls. The frequency of the MTHFR 677 wild homozygotic genotype was 25.8% in cases, which was lower than that in controls (34.5%). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the MTHFR 677 any T genotype was 2.05 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.26-3.34) when compared with the C/C genotype. In the low fruit and vegetable intake group an increasing trend was observed with the T allele exposure, p = 0.0056. The adjusted ORs were 1.68 (95% CI = 0.86-3.29) for the C/T genotype and 3.58 (95% CI = 1.46-8.75) for the T/T genotype, respectively. The MTHFR 677 any T genotype was associated with an increased risk of primary stomach cancer among the Chinese population. Folate deficiency might modify the MTHFR gene polymorphism and influence the risk of stomach cancer.
    Biomarkers 01/2007; 12(1):61-75. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: P53 codon 72 polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with cancers of the lung, esophagus and cervix. However, there have been no reports on the interaction of select risk factors and p53 codon 72 polymorphisms in gastric cancer susceptibility. 155 gastric cancer cases and 134 cancer-free controls were enrolled at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) from November 1992 to November 1994. The crude odds ratio (OR1) associated with the (Pro/Pro) polymorphism and the risk of gastric cancer was 1.27 (0.70-2.33). Adjusting for age, sex, race and education (OR2) and further adjusting for BMI, calories, sodium, smoking, vitamin C, fiber, alcohol, fat, and H. pylori status (OR3) did not yield significant results. Significant joint effects were associated with high fat consumption (OR1=2.61 (95% CI:1.13-6.06); OR2=2.85 (95% CI:1.14-7.15) for total cancers and for proximal tumors (OR1=2.56 (95%CI:1.00-6.54)). The low vitamin C intake/high-risk polymorphism group (Pro/Pro) had an OR1 of 4.82 (95% CI: 1.72-13.45) and the OR2 was 6.19 (95% CI: 2.08-18.40) for distal tumors. The point estimates were increased for interaction odds ratios but not statistically significant (OR1=4.25 (95% CI: 0.66-27.50); OR2=4.73 (95% CI: 0.67-33.43); OR3=5.55 (95% CI: 0.66-46.47)). Further studies specifically looking at proximal and distal tumors are required to confirm any potential interaction between the p53 codon 72 polymorphisms and environmental risk, in particular low dietary vitamin C and high fat consumption.
    Cancer Letters 08/2006; 238(2):210-23. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the association between genetic polymorphisms of XRCC3 Thr241Met gene and susceptibility to gastric cardia and/non-cardia gastric cancer, and to investigate the combined effect between genes and surrounding environment. A case-control study with respective control group was conducted. Genotypes were investigated by PCR-RFLP. Unconditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odd ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals(95% CI). The frequency of XRCC3 CC, CT and TT genotypes were 43.2%, 46.5% and 10.3%, respectively in cardia cancer cases and 53.2%, 40.9% and 5.8% respectively in non-cardia gastric cancer cases while 59.6%, 35.1%, 5.3%, respectively in control group. Variated genotypes (CT and TT) increased the risk of cardia cancer after adjusting for potential confounders (OR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.07-2.90). On cardia cancer risks, there seemed combined effects between variated genotype and high rate of alcohol drinking, low intake of fresh vegetables and having chronic gastritis. Combined effects between variated genotype and smoking, having chronic gastritis were observed in non-gastric cancer group. XRCC3 variated genotype was one of the risk factors of cardia cancer while different risks of factors might exsit between cardia and non-cardia gastric cancer.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 06/2006; 27(5):420-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have assessed potential effect modifications by polymorphisms of susceptibility genes on the association between selenium intake and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We studied the joint effects of dietary selenium and the GSTP1 and p53 polymorphisms on ESCC risk in a population-based case-control study with 218 ESCC cases and 415 controls in Taixing City, China. Dietary selenium intake was estimated from a food frequency questionnaire with 97 food items. GSTP1 and p53 polymorphisms were detected by RFLP-PCR assays. Logistic regression analyses were done to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Reduced ESCC risk was observed among individuals in the highest quartile of dietary selenium intake (adjusted OR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.13-0.70) with a dose-dependent gradient (P(trend) = 0.01). The p53 Pro/Pro genotype was associated with increased risk of ESCC compared with the Arg/Arg genotype (adjusted OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.19-3.42). When combined with selenium consumption, an obvious increased risk was observed among individuals with the p53 Pro/Pro or GSTP1 Ile/Ile genotype with adjusted ORs of 3.19 (95% CI, 1.74-5.84) and 1.90 (95% CI, 1.03-3.51), respectively. Among smokers and alcohol drinkers, elevation of ESCC risk was more prominent among p53 Pro/Pro individuals who consumed a low level of dietary selenium (adjusted OR, 3.59; 95% CI, 1.49-8.66 for smokers and 6.19; 95% CI, 1.83-20.9 for drinkers). Our study suggests that the effect of dietary selenium on the risk of ESCC may be modulated by tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking, and p53 Pro/Pro and GSTP1 Ile/Ile genotypes.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 03/2006; 15(2):294-300. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have been conducted in low-selenium areas of China to assess the relationships between dietary intake of selenium and zinc and the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). We studied dietary mineral and trace element intake and risk of SCCE in a population- based, case-control study in Taixing, China, in 2000. A total of 218 SCCE patients and 415 population healthy controls were interviewed using a standard dietary and health questionnaire. The median and quartiles were calculated to represent the average level and distribution of selected dietary minerals and trace elements estimated by the Chinese Standard Tables of Food Composition. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) comparing the highest with the lowest quartiles were 0.30 (95% confidence intervals, CIs = 0.13-0.67) for selenium intake and 0.28 (95% CI = 0.11-0.70) for zinc intake with obvious dose-dependent patterns (P values for trend = 0.01). The adjusted OR for the combined effect of selenium and zinc intake was 0.53 (95% CI = 0.29-0.96) after controlling for potential confounding factors, including age, gender, educational level, body mass index, and total energy intake. Our results suggested that the potential joint effect of zinc and selenium might contribute to SCCE risk. Increased dietary intake of selenium and zinc may decrease the risk of SCCE in a low-selenium area of China.
    Nutrition and Cancer 02/2006; 55(1):63-70. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cigarette smoking is considered a major risk factor for bladder carcinoma, little is known about the interaction between metabolic genes such as glutathione-S-transferase P1 and tobacco smoking in this process. GSTP1 may play a role in detoxification of tobacco-related carcinogens. In this case-control study of 145 cases with bladder carcinoma (male:female = 7.5:1) and 170 noncancer controls (male:female = 3.7:1), the relation between genetic polymorphisms of GSTP1 and susceptibility to bladder carcinoma was investigated and the gene-environment interaction between tobacco smoking and GSTP1 polymorphism was evaluated. Epidemiological data were collected for all cases and controls by a standard questionnaire. Polymorphisms of GSTP1 were measured by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The logistic regression model in SAS was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Cigarette smoking was confirmed as a risk factor of bladder carcinoma with an OR of 3.1 (95% CI: 1.7-5.9) after controlling for potential confounding factors. The OR for pack-years of smoking as a continuous variable was 2.4 (95% CI: 2.0-2.8). The ORs were 7.6 (95% CI: 1.18-49.51) for isoleucine/valine (Ile/Val) and 6.5 (95% CI: 1.01-41.56) for Ile/Ile when the homozygous Val/Val was considered as comparison group after adjusting for age, gender, race, and education. The adjusted OR for interaction between smoking and the GSTP1 (any Ile genotype) was 11.42 (95% CI: 0.53-248.15). The results indicate that the Ile 105 allele is associated with an increased risk of bladder carcinoma and suggest that individuals who smoke and possess the Ile allele might be at increased risk for bladder carcinoma.
    Cancer 01/2006; 104(11):2400-8. · 5.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

717 Citations
113.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Loyola Marymount University
      • Department of Health and Human Sciences
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 2011–2013
    • University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
      • • School of Public Health and Health Professions
      • • Department of Social and Preventive Medicine
      Buffalo, NY, United States
  • 2000–2013
    • Fujian Medical University
      Min-hou, Fujian, China
  • 2004–2010
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      • Department of Epidemiology
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 2005
    • University of Southern California
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 2003–2005
    • Fudan University
      • School of Public Health
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China