[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As lithium has been shown to have a protective effect against suicidal behavior, genes on which mood stabilizers act may be involved in biological susceptibility to suicide. A recent study showed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response was impaired in the bipolar disorders and the impairment was ameliorated by a mood stabilizer, valproate. We hypothesized that an alteration of ER stress response is involved in the biological susceptibility to suicide through genetic polymorphisms, and examined the association of polymorphisms of X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) and heat shock 70-kDa protein 5 (HSPA5) genes with suicide. We found no significant difference in the distribution of these polymorphisms between the suicide victims and the controls. These results suggest that the polymorphisms examined in this study are not involved in the susceptibility to suicide of the Japanese.
The Kobe journal of medical sciences 02/2007; 53(4):151-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genetic factors have been suggested to be involved in suicide. Although some genetic factors, such as serotonergic transduction, have been associated with suicide, the results are inconsistent. There is a possibility that various signaling anomalies are involved in the biological vulnerability to suicide. We carried out a genome-wide gene-expression study in the brains of suicide victims using DNA microarrays;14-3-3 epsilon, which is related to neurogenesis, was one of the genes upregulated in the brains of suicide victims in the microarray analysis. This was confirmed by Western blot analysis. To examine the possibility of the involvement of 14-3-3 epsilon in the pathogenesis of suicide, we investigated the association of the 14-3-3 epsilon gene and completed suicide. We used three high-frequency SNPs (rs1532976, rs3752826, and rs9393) and found a significant association of two alleles (rs1532976 and rs3752826) with completed suicide (p < 0.05). Moreover, the distribution of haplotype revealed a more significant difference between completed suicide and controls (p=0.0005). This finding suggests that 14-3-3 epsilon is a potential suicide susceptibility gene and implies that dysregulation of neurogenesis may be involved in suicide.
Journal of Human Genetics 01/2005; 50(4):210-6. · 2.37 Impact Factor