ABSTRACT: We examined the behaviour of alumina ceramic heads in 156 cemented total hip arthroplasties, at a minimum follow-up of eight years. They were divided into three groups according to the size of the femoral head; 22, 26, and 28 mm. We measured polyethylene wear radiologically using a computer-aided technique. The linear wear rate of polyethylene sockets for the 28 mm heads was high (0.156 mm/year), whereas those for the 22 and 26 mm heads were relatively low (0.090 and 0.098 mm/year, respectively). Moreover, the surface roughness data of retrieved femoral heads clearly showed maintenance of an excellent surface finish of the current alumina. We conclude that the alumina ceramic femoral heads currently used are associated with a reduced rate of polyethylene wear.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 08/2003; 85(5):655-60. · 2.83 Impact Factor