[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 17-year-old female with Chiari 2 malformation developed cerebral infarction with angiographically typical bilateral moyamoya vessels manifesting as sudden onset of moderate left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple infarcts in the right frontal lobe, agenesis of the corpus callosum, upward herniation of the dorsal cerebellum, tectal beak of the midbrain, and downward herniation of the cerebellar vermis. Cerebral angiography demonstrated occlusion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries and basal moyamoya vessels. Single photon emission computed tomography showed significantly reduced regional cerebral blood flow in the right frontoparietal cortex. The cerebral vascular reactivity to acetazolamide was diminished in both cerebral hemispheres. She underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis combined with encephalo-myo-synangiosis on the right, and on the left 6 months later. Cerebral angiography performed 4 months after the second operation showed good patency of the bypasses and substantial collateral vessels in both cerebral hemispheres. This association may have happened by chance, and a common etiology is uncertain, but a currently undetermined genomic component might have contributed to the disease progression.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intracerebral hemorrhage in patients with moyamoya disease is rare in children. We report three unique cases of pediatric moyamoya disease with hemorrhagic onset. Two 7-year-old girls and a 9-year-old girl were admitted to our hospital because of intracerebral hemorrhage associated with angiographically verified moyamoya disease. Two of them did not demonstrate either an ischemic episode or cerebral infarct on the magnetic resonance images. A decreased regional cerebral blood flow was revealed on single photon emission computed tomography in two patients, who developed cerebral infarction in the acute stage following hemorrhage. They underwent superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomoses combined with encephalo-myo-synangiosis, and have not experienced any further ischemic episodes thereafter. Hemodynamic insufficiency associated with moyamoya disease could cause intracerebral hemorrhage even in children. Adequate management in the acute stage of hemorrhage and revascularization surgery are recommended to prevent cerebral infarction, which may easily occur in pediatric patients with moyamoya disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several unruptured cerebral aneurysms have been reported to grow and rupture. To determine which factors affect the growth of these aneurysms during the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a retrospective review was performed.
Between January 2000 and January 2003, 130 patients with angiographically proven ruptured cerebral aneurysms were treated at our institution. Of these patients, 32 also had simultaneous unruptured aneurysms, and the total number of the unruptured aneurysms was 40, including two neck remnants which had remained since the past clipping. Seventeen patients had 17 unruptured aneurysms and two neck remnants. The unruptured aneurysms were not treated during the acute stage of SAH but had received a complete short term follow-up.
The rapid growth of one unruptured aneurysm and two neck remnants was confirmed by a second angiogram performed on average 40 days after the first angiogram. Several candidate factors responsible for the growth of aneurysm were selected, and the results of a statistical analysis indicate that a systolic blood pressure above 200 mmHg during the acute stage of SAH and vasospasm, confirmed by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) or neurological examination, and neck remnants, are risk factors that affect the growth.
Short term follow-up angiography is thus important for patients with untreated unruptured cerebral aneurysms after the acute stage of SAH.
Neurological Research 04/2006; 28(2):165-71. DOI:10.1179/016164105X48806 · 1.44 Impact Factor