Koichi Nakamura

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatu, Shizuoka, Japan

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Publications (6)2.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of spontaneous regression (SR) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A 70-year-old man consulted us for general fatigue. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed two HCCs, of 5cm in the posterior segment and 8cm around the right Glissonean pedicle with tumor thrombus in the main portal trunk. He refused to undergo any treatment, but 28 months later, CT showed complete disappearance of the hilar tumor and portal tumor thrombus, and partial regression in the posterior tumor with shrinkage of the right lobe of the liver. His PIVKA-II levels decreased from 23358 to 217mAU/ml. In the present case, tumor infarction of the portal thrombus, and the administration of imidapuril hydrochloride and Hochu-ekki-to may have caused SR.
    Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 03/2010; 107(3):432-41.
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    ABSTRACT: A 67-year-old Japanese man complained of a painful lump in his anus. He had a 15-month history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and had been diagnosed with MDS overt leukemia. A solid lump measuring 1.0 cm in diameter was detected in the anal verge. Under a diagnosis of a thrombosed external hemorrhoid, thrombectomy was performed under local anesthesia. One week after thrombectomy, the wound had not healed, and grayish-green tissue was seen at the bottom. A biopsy of the wound revealed atypical mononuclear cell infiltration. Myeloperoxidase and lysozyme were positive on immunohistochemical staining. Finally, the diagnosis of granulocytic sarcoma (GS) was made. Though it is well known that perianal complications occur quite often in patients with leukemia, it is unusual for a diagnosis of GS of the anus to be definitely established. To our knowledge, there has not been a previous report of GS presenting as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid. The development of GS should be considered during the management of such lesions, especially in patients with bone marrow disorders, such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk MDS.
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2008; 1(4):145-147.
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    ABSTRACT: A combination of CPT-11, continuous 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and leucovorin(LV), the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Internistische Onkologie(AIO)regimen, is widely used for the treatment of metastatic CRC. The efficacy and toxicity of this regimen, however, have not been determined in Japanese patients with metastatic CRC. Our objective was to evaluate the safety of the AIO regimen plus CPT-11 in Japanese colorectal carcinoma(CRC)patients. We investigated the maximum tolerated dose(MTD), dose-limiting toxicity(DLT), and recommended dose(RD)for CPT-11 and continuous 5-FU. CPT-11, 5-FU, and l-LV were administered on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle. The dose of CPT- 11 was escalated from 40 mg/m2 (level 1)to 80 mg/m2 (level 3). The 5-FU dose was then escalated from 1,000 mg/m2 (level 4)to 2,000 mg/m2 (level 5). If neither level met the criteria for the MTD, the recommended dose was defined as level 5, and the dose escalation was discontinued, because the maximum approved weekly dose of CPT-11 alone in Japan is 80 mg/m2 and the dose of 5-FU in the original AIO regimen was 2,000 mg/m2. A total of 18 patients were enrolled in this study. Hematological and non-hematological toxicity were infrequent and mild. There were no toxicities greater than grade 2 at each dose level. Level 5 did not meet the MTD criteria. Our results confirm that the modified AIO plus CPT-11 regimen is safe for Japanese patients. The recommended doses in the present study were CPT-11 80 mg/m2, 5-FU 2,000 mg/m2, and l-LV 250 mg/m2.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2008; 35(10):1697-701.
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    ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old woman visited our hospital with a chief complaint of lower abdominal pain and melena. The patient was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer using colonoscopy. Abdominal CT revealed metastases to para-aortic lymph node, so our diagnosis was unresectable sigmoid colon cancer. She underwent a transverse colostomy to avoid stenosis. Two weeks after surgery, she underwent a 1-week chemotherapy regimen (CPT-11 80 mg/m(2)/week+5-FU 2,000 mg/m(2)/week+l-LV 250 mg/m(2)/week) modified AIO regimen combined irinotecan for 3 weeks, followed by a 1-week rest interval as one course. Throughout the period of treatment, there was no adverse event, and this regimen has been maintained for 5 courses. After 5 courses of chemotherapy, primary tumor and metastases to para-aortic lymph nodes were remarkably reduced on colonoscopy and abdominal CT. So, she could undergo curative resection. Pathological efficacy was Grade 3, a complete response. This combination therapy may well be useful for advanced colon cancer patients.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 06/2008; 35(6):1017-20.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: We report four cases of Crohn's disease (CD)-associated colorectal cancer (CRC) in our department. CASE 1: A 42-year-old Japanese man had a 14-year history of ileocolon CD. He had a history of an ileocecal resection and a stricture plasty. At the age of 42, sigmoid colostomy was performed because of the deterioration of the anal stenosis. After this operation, the perianal pain had remained, and a magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a rectal tumor. CASE 2: A 30-year-old Japanese man had a 13-year history of ileocolon CD. He had a history of an ileostomy, a subtotal colectomy, and ileo-rectal anastomosis. At the age of 30, he had perianal pain, and a colonoscopy revealed a rectal cancer. An abdomino-perineal resection of the remnant rectum was performed. CASE 3: A 46-year-old Japanese man had a 9-year history of ileocolon CD. He experienced abdominal fullness. Colonoscopy revealed an ascending colon cancer. He underwent a subtotal colectomy and ileo-rectal anastomosis. CASE 4: A 33-year-old Japanese woman had a 16-year history of ileocolon CD. She had no changes in symptoms of CD. Surveillance colonoscopy revealed a transverse colon cancer. She underwent a subtotal colectomy and ileo-rectal anastomosis. CONCLUSION: As the number of patients with CD and with CD-associated CRC has increased in Japan, CD-associated CRC, as noted in these patients, should be kept in mind in the management of patients with CD. In addition, a surveillance system of patients with CD should be established and should prompt further study about CD-associated CRC.
    International Journal of Colorectal Disease 01/2008; 22(12):1537-42. · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • Nippon Daicho Komonbyo Gakkai Zasshi 01/2008; 61(8):527-533.