Kazuyoshi Kawabata

Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (73)71.52 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) often metastasizes to the central and lateral neck lymph nodes, but rarely affects retropharyngeal nodes (RPN).
    World Journal of Surgery 08/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The current study sought to assess the role of initial neck dissection (ND) for patients with node-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC). The data for 202 patients with previously untreated node-positive OPSCC were gathered from 12 institutions belonging to the Head and Neck Cancer Study Group in the Japan Clinical Oncology Group. These patients were categorized into two groups, consisting of the initial ND group and the wait-and-see group, according to treatment policy. Regional recurrence was observed in 17 of 93 patients undergoing initial ND, whereas, recurrent or persistent diseases were observed in 40 of 109 patients who did not undergo initial ND. The 4-year overall survival rates (OS) for the wait-and-see group and initial ND groups were 74.0% and 78.7%, respectively, and the 4-year regional control rates (RC) for each group were 77.6% and 84.9%. There were no significant differences in either OS or RC (p=0.3440 and p=0.2382, respectively). However, for patients with N3 disease, the 4-year OS of the initial ND group (100%) was favorable. For patients with N2a disease, the 4-year RC of the initial ND group was higher than that of the wait-and-see group statistically (100% vs 62.5%, p=0.0156). The role of initial ND was limited in patients with node-positive OPSCC. The treatment strategy not involving initial ND is considered feasible and acceptable when nodal evaluation after definitive radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy is applied adequately. However, it is possible that initial ND improves outcomes in patients with resectable large-volume nodal disease.
    Oral Oncology 04/2014; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate ocular function and survival rates among treatment modalities in patients with maxillary sinus cancer with orbital invasion.Methods Eighty-seven patients were classified according to the main treatment modality. Ocular function preservation rates and survival rates were evaluated for each therapeutic modality.ResultsThe 5-year overall survival rate for the en bloc resection, conservative surgery, superselective intra-arterial chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (RADPLAT), intravenous chemoradiotherapy (IV-CRT) was 70%, 35%, 49%, and 31%, respectively. The ocular function preservation rate for each group was 15%, 27%, 30%, and 17%, respectively. In the en bloc resection group, there was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between patients with orbital exenteration and those without orbital exenteration (72% vs 71%; p = .9321).Conclusion The en bloc resection group showed a favorable survival rate but a low preservation rate. Preservation of orbital contents did not reduce the survival rate. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2014
    Head & Neck 04/2014; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of lymph node metastasis among patients with T4 maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma (MS-SCC) as well as the delayed metastasis rate and the treatment outcome for untreated N0 neck in patients with T4 MS-SCC. Consecutive series of all patients (n = 128) with previously untreated T4 maxillary sinus SCC between 2006 and 2007 were obtained from 28 institutions belonging to or cooperating in the Head and Neck Cancer Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group. Of the 128 patients, 28 (21.9 %) had lymph node metastasis, and six patients (4.7 %) had distant metastasis at diagnosis. Among the 111 patients who were treated with curative intent, 98 had clinically N0 neck disease and did not receive prophylactic neck irradiation. A total of 11 patients (11.2 %) subsequently developed evidence of lymph node metastasis, of whom eight were among the 83 patients with an N0 neck and had not received elective neck treatment. There were 15 patients who received an elective neck dissection as part of the initial treatment, of whom three had pathologically positive for lymph node metastases. Of 11 patients, six patients with nonlateral retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis without primary or distant disease were successfully salvaged. This study identified the incidence of lymph node metastasis among patients with T4 MS-SCC as well as the delayed metastasis rate and the treatment outcome for untreated N0 neck in patients with T4 MS-SCC. These results will be of assistance in selecting treatment strategy for T4 MS-SCC in the future.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    Auris Nasus Larynx 12/2013; 40(6):591. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma has a dismal prognosis and lacks an established therapeutic strategy. We have recently conducted chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin as part of multimodal treatment for eight patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Docetaxel (75 mg/m²) and cisplatin (75 mg/m²) were administered on day 1 every 4 weeks for six courses. This chemotherapy was used as induction therapy in one patient, as therapy for distant metastases in five patients and as postoperative adjuvant therapy in two patients. Three patients showed partial responses and three patients showed stable disease. After excluding the two patients receiving the treatment as adjuvant therapy the response rate was 50 %. Grade 3 or 4 leukocytopenia occurred in seven patients (88 %), but these adverse events were tolerable. Chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin may thus be feasible for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.
    Surgery Today 10/2013; · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. We analyzed the effects of local extension sites on survival in patients with locally advanced maxillary sinus cancer. Methods. The criteria for inclusion in this study were as follows: (1) previously untreated maxillary sinus cancer, (2) squamous cell carcinomas, (3) T4 disease, and (4) curative-intent treatment. The data for 118 patients were obtained from 28 institutions across Japan and analyzed for overall survival and local control rates by local extension site. Results. Sites with a poor prognosis included the cribriform plate, dura, nasopharynx, middle cranial fossa and cranial nerves other than V2. There was a significant correlation among these sites except for the cranial nerves. Additionally, the hard palate was the only site that correlated with nodal involvement and showed a poor treatment outcome. Conclusions. Even in cases presenting with similar T4 maxillary sinus cancer, treatment should be performed in consideration of the local extension site. Head Neck, 2013.
    Head & Neck 08/2013; · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The current study aimed to compare the therapeutic outcomes of surgery with those of chemoradiation for patients with advanced oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). Methods: The data for 523 patients with previously untreated OPC were obtained from 12 institutions belonging to the Head and Neck Cancer Study Group in the Japan Clinical Oncology Group from April 2005 to March 2007. In this study, we matched a group of patients who underwent surgery with a second group treated with chemoradiation according to age, gender, subsite, and T and N classification, and analyzed the overall survival, progression-free survival, local control and swallowing function. Results: The final matched-pair analysis included 186 patients. The 5-year overall survival, progression-free survival and local control rates were 69.8 and 71.4% (p = 0.762), 51.0 and 54.4% (p = 0.531), and 75.2 and 80.3% (p = 0.399), respectively, in patients treated with surgery and those treated with chemoradiation. Swallowing function in patients treated with chemoradiation was significantly better than that in patients treated with surgery (p = 0.015). Conclusion: Although this study was not randomized, this matched-pair analysis of patients treated with surgery or chemoradiation showed that chemoradiation is as effective as surgery in the treatment of OPC.
    Oncology 03/2013; 84(5):290-298. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • Toukeibu Gan. 01/2013; 39(3):310-316.
  • Toukeibu Gan. 01/2013; 39(4):449-455.
  • Toukeibu Gan. 01/2013; 39(3):281-286.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the specificity of diagnosing PTC by fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the cytopathological reports of 1066 patients that underwent thyroidectomy based on a diagnosis of PTC by FNA between January 1993 and December 2008. This study re-evaluated the cytology and histopathology of the patients that received false positive diagnoses of PTC by FNA. RESULTS: Ten patients (0.9 %) received false positive diagnoses of PTC by FNA. Three patients were overdiagnosed as having PTC by FNA cytology. In contrast, the nuclear features of PTC in the other seven cases were confirmed by the retrospective reviews of the patients' FNA cytology. Three of the seven patients showed follicular structures in their resection specimens, thus resulting in a diagnosis of either adenomatous goiter or follicular adenoma. However, PTC could not be diagnosed by histopathology in the remaining four patients, even though the histopathology showed the nuclear features of PTC. CONCLUSIONS: Most cases of PTC can be easily diagnosed by cytological and morphological atypia with certain limitations. The difficulty in diagnosing PTC by cytology is because the pathological features of PTC also occur in some benign thyroid tumors. Therefore, immunohistochemical or molecular biological approaches must be combined with current cytological diagnostic techniques for the diagnosis of PTC.
    Surgery Today 10/2012; · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to assess the role of salvage surgery for failure cases of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) undergoing initial chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: The data for 523 patients with previously untreated OPC were gathered from 12 institutions belonging to the Head and Neck Cancer Study Group in Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG). RESULTS: Of the 170 patients who received CRT, 35 patients (21 %) had local recurrence or residual disease. Only 11 patients underwent further salvage surgery, and 24 patients received nonsurgical treatment. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of patient age and the presence of a simultaneous regional recurrence. The 5-year overall survival rates for the patients who underwent salvage surgery were 49.1 %, whereas those for the patients who received nonsurgical treatment were 16.3 %. CONCLUSION: The initial treatment method for OPC should be decided carefully and the limitations of salvage surgery should be fully considered.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2012; · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas are highly vascular tumors that arise from chief cells in extra-adrenal paraganglia of the autonomic nervous system. Vagal paragangliomas occur along the vagal nerve, usually located in the rostral portion of the vagus nerve in the vicinity of the gangliom nodosum. Actively functional vagal paragangliomas are rare. We report a patient with functioning vagal paraganglioma located in the infrahyoid carotid sheath. The patient had no history of hypertension and catecholamines were not measured before surgery. The findings of diagnostic imaging workup, including computed tomography, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance, were suggestive of paraganglioma. The blood pressure and pulse rates increased sharply intraoperatively during tumor manipulation, together with spikes in noradrenaline and dopamine. The tumor was removed with successful preservation of the vagus nerve trunk. The blood catecholamine levels returned to normal immediately after surgery. Head and neck surgeons should be aware of occult functioning paragangliomas and patients with such tumors should undergo full hormonal assessment.
    Auris, nasus, larynx 05/2012; · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In general, with large mesenteric tumors it may be rather difficult to determine whether infiltration into adjacent large vessels occurred. We wish to stress the importance of preparation for microsurgery when a huge lesion appears close to a large artery in preoperative images, based on our experience of successful microscopical reconstruction of a superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and marked improvement of blocked vascular flow to the small intestine during the surgery. We have experienced a case of mesenteric fibromatosis (MF) invading the SMA and vein, contrary to preoperative expectation. The patient underwent extirpation of a MF, 21 cm in size, with reconstruction of the SMA by microsurgery. The sacrificed small intestine was only 80 cm of the distal ileum with the benefit of microscopic anastomosis between the SMA and a major jejunal artery. Preparations for microscopic surgery must be made with resection of large lesions, because involvement of mesenteric large vessels may be expected. It is possible for microsurgery to extend indications for surgical resection of huge mesenteric tumors.
    Surgery Today 05/2012; 42(7):703-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extrathyroidal invasion is one of the most significant risk factors for patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel definition of extrathyroidal invasion for patients with PTC as a method for predicting a patient's prognosis. The prospective study was conducted for consecutive 930 patients with primary PTC who received surgery during 1993-2009. We defined only patients who had preoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy or patients in whom the tumor had invaded to the mucosa of the trachea and/or esophagus as Ex3. Patients with minimal invasion were classified as Ex1, and patients with massive invasion, when we could shave off the tumors, were classified as Ex2. Patients without extrathyroidal invasion were classified as Ex0. Patients classified Ex3 showed significantly shorter disease-free survival (p = 0.03) and disease-specific survival (p = 0.007) than patients classified Ex2. The time to recurrence at resection sites was shorter in patients classified Ex3 than in patients classified Ex2 (p = 0.02). The time to death due to distant metastasis of patients classified Ex3 was significantly shorter than that of patients classified Ex2 (p = 0.02). Within the patients classified Ex3, disease-specific survival of patients with invasion to other nearby structures was shorter than that of patients with invasion to only recurrent laryngeal nerve (p = 0.008). The degree and site of invasion is an important prognostic factor for PTC. Our novel classification of extrathyroidal invasion is valuable in predicting the prognosis of PTC.
    World Journal of Surgery 03/2012; 36(6):1231-40. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The carcinogenetic role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in mobile tongue cancer remains unclear because of conflicting results reported in the literature. This disparity is likely to be due to variations in the samples and methods used. Furthermore, despite a tendency for increased prevalence of mobile tongue cancer in young adults, only a few reports specifically in young patients have been published. In the present study on 32 patients, including six in their 20s, we genotyped the prevalence of HPV using a highly sensitive detection tool in fresh-frozen samples from surgical specimens and a novel detection device with electrochemical DNA chip and loop-mediated isothermal amplification. In addition, we confirmed HPV prevalence by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry for the p16(INK4a) protein, regarded as a biomarker of HPV-associated cancers. The frequency of 13 genotypes of high-risk HPV was 0/32 (0%), which was further confirmed by in situ hybridization. Overexpression of p16(INK4a) protein was observed in six of the 32 patients (19%), with four (67%) also overexpressing p53. Because there is usually a lack of p53 overexpression in HPV-associated cancer, it is unlikely that p16(INK4a) protein overexpression is correlated with HPV infection. Consequently, it is unlikely that HPV infection plays an important role in mobile tongue carcinogenesis, in particular in young adults. In addition, our data suggest that the overexpression of p16(INK4a) protein is not an appropriate biomarker for HPV association in mobile tongue carcinogenesis.
    Cancer Science 11/2011; 103(2):161-8. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Hiroko Tanaka, Atsushi Kohno, Kazuyoshi Kawabata, Yukiko Sato
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    ABSTRACT: Laryngeal mucoepidermoid carcinoma is rare and extremely rare in adolescents. We present the case of a 17-year-old girl. Magnetic resonance imaging clearly depicted the tumor, and histopathological study of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
    Japanese journal of radiology 11/2010; 28(9):692-4. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It can be difficult to distinguish between primary and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the lung. Surgical specimens were obtained from two groups of patients, 26 lung SCC patients without histories of any other cancer (the definite primary group) and 17 patients who had undergone surgical removal of SCC emerging in the lung after surgery for tongue SCC (the unknown group). From the former, 26 primary lung SCC were obtained. From the latter, 17 lung tumors and 15 primary tumors of the tongue were obtained. Eleven of the 17 lung tumors from the unknown group were metastatic lung SCC. All specimens were immunostained with cytokeratin (CK)5/6, CK7, CAM5.2, CK19 and p63 antibodies. The frequency of CAM5.2 and CK19 expression was significantly higher in the lung SCC of the definite primary group (21 of 26, 81% and 20 of 26, 78%, respectively) than in the metastatic lung SCC (1 of 11, 9% (P < 0.001) and 2 of 11, 18% (P = 0.003), respectively) or primary SCC of the tongue (5 of 15, 33% (P = 0.002) and 2 of 15, 13% (P < 0.001), respectively). CAM5.2 and CK19 are useful for distinguishing between primary SCC of the lung and metastases from tongue cancer.
    Pathology International 08/2010; 60(8):575-80. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of bone metastasis in association with thyroid cancer represents a difficult challenge. Given the paucity of patients with bone metastasis and the difficulty of treating this disease, few studies have investigated the clinical features and prognostic factors of bone metastasis from differentiated thyroid cancer. During the 31-year-period from 1976 to 2006, a total of 1,398 patients underwent initial thyroidectomy at Cancer Institute Hospital for differentiated thyroid carcinomas, including standard papillary thyroid carcinoma, papillary microcarcinoma (primary tumor diameter < or =1.0 cm), and follicular thyroid carcinoma. Among these, 25 (2%) patients displayed bone metastasis at initial presentation (synchronous) and 27 patients showed bone metastasis during follow-up (metachronous). The records for these 52 patients were reviewed retrospectively to identify prognostic factors and analyze treatment strategies. Univariate analysis for disease-specific survival indicated metachronous bone metastasis and the presence of distant metastasis at sites other than bone as indicators of significantly worse prognosis. The type of cancer (papillary thyroid carcinoma versus follicular thyroid carcinoma) was not a significant indicator of prognosis; however, patients with papillary microcarcinoma showed significantly worse survival than patients with standard papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma. A significant survival advantage was observed among patients who underwent radioactive iodine therapy, and better prognosis seemed to be obtained with greater doses of radioactive iodine. Operative resection of metastatic bone lesions also seemed to be associated with better prognosis. A multivariate analysis for disease-specific survival identified the coexistence of distant metastasis at sites other than bone as the only independent variable indicative of poor prognosis. In the absence of definitive, effective treatments for this disease, radioactive iodine therapy combined with resection of bone metastasis, wherever possible, seems to represent the most potent therapy available. Although bone metastasis is a strong sign of poor prognosis, early detection and administration of appropriate therapy using radioactive iodine seems likely to improve the survival rate and quality of life in patients with bone metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
    Surgery 03/2010; 147(3):424-31. · 3.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

259 Citations
71.52 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1992–2014
    • Florida Hospital Cancer Institute
      Orlando, Florida, United States
  • 2012–2013
    • Hokkaido University
      • Department of Otolaryngology−Head and Neck Surgery
      Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 2010
    • The Australian Society of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery
      Evans Head, New South Wales, Australia
  • 2009
    • Niigata University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 2008
    • Tokyo Medical University
      • Department of Otorhinolaryngology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2003–2008
    • Sydney Head and Neck Cancer Institute
      Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1997
    • The University of Tokyo
      • Department of Surgical Sciences
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Nippon Medical School
      • Department of Otolaryngology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan