ABSTRACT: CD5-positive (CD5+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) comprises ∼10% of DLBCLs, and it is associated with poor prognosis. The clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of CD5-negative (CD5-) DLBCL and CD5+ DLBCL were compared.
The subjects were 607 DLBCL patients in whom cell surface markers could be analyzed, among 930 consecutive patients registered in the Adult Lymphoma Treatment Study Group between 1998 and 2008.
In all, 102 patients (16.8%) had CD5+ DLBCL. Compared with CD5- DLBCL, CD5+ DLBCL was more closely associated with elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase level, advanced stage, poor performance status, extranodal sites, CD10-, BCL-2+, MUM1+, and nongerminal center B-cell type. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of CD5+ DLBCL (n = 102) and CD5- DLBCL (n = 505) were 55% and 65%, respectively (P = 0.032), with 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates of 52% and 61%, respectively (P = 0.041). In the CD5+ DLBCL patients, the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy significantly improved PFS (4-year PFS, 47.4% versus 62.5%), but not OS (4-year OS, 57.8% versus 63.5%).
For CD5+ DLBCL, the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy significantly improved the PFS, but not OS. Therefore, it is thought that a new treatment strategy is necessary for CD5+ DLBCL.
Annals of Oncology 03/2010; 21(10):2069-74. · 6.43 Impact Factor