[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thrombocytopenia is caused by insufficient production and excessive destruction of platelets. Recent improvement of automated blood cell analyzers has allowed measurement of several platelet parameters, providing better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of thrombocytopenia. We investigated the significance of platelet parameters in thrombocytopenic patients. Thrombocytopenic patients (platelet <100 × 10/μl) who were newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia and primary immune thrombocytopenia were enrolled, and platelet, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet crit, mean platelet component, mean platelet mass, and large platelet count were measured, and the percentages of large platelets were calculated. The parameters were also measured in the reference population. The mean values of each parameter were as follows: platelet, 259 × 10/μl; mean platelet volume, 7.9 fl; platelet distribution width, 51.3%; platelet crit, 0.20%; mean platelet component, 26.0 g/dl; mean platelet mass, 1.9 pg; large platelet, 4.7 × 10/μl; large platelet percentage, 1.7%. In comparison with acute myeloid leukemia patients, patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia showed significantly higher mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, mean platelet component, mean platelet mass, large platelet, and large platelet % (P < 0.05). Because of increased destruction of platelets, primary immune thrombocytopenia patients have increased mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, mean platelet component, mean platelet mass, large platelet, and large platelet percentage compared with acute myeloid leukemia patients who have ineffective platelet production. Parameters measured by automated analyzer provide better understanding of thrombopoiesis in the bone marrow and the status of the peripheral blood in the clinical field.
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 04/2014; 25(3):221-225. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutation of KRAS genes occurs with a frequency of 0.5-32 % in AML. In the present study, mutations of KRAS codon 12, 13, and 61 were detected by pyrosequencing and direct sequencing in AML. Seven KRAS mutations (7/123, 5.7 %) were detected. The most common mutation was a G-to-A transition in the second base of KRAS codon 13. No mutations were detected in KRAS codon 61. Combinations of KRAS and FLT3 mutation were not found in the same patient. There was no statistically significant difference between patients with KRAS mutations and patients with wild-type KRAS in terms of sex, age, CBC at diagnosis, CD34 positivity, MPO positivity, FLT3 mutation, karyotype, progression-free survival, and overall survival, although this may be attributable to the small sample size. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the detection of KRAS mutation in Asian AML patients using pyrosequencing and direct sequencing. These two methods showed identical efficiencies in their ability to detect KRAS mutations in 84 patients.
International journal of hematology 10/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Changes of platelet count (PLT) and platelet parameters have been reported in iron deficiency anemia (IDA). However, the relationship between iron metabolism and thrombopoiesis is not yet fully known. We studied the relationship between iron and platelet parameters in women with IDA and thrombocytosis. Forty-one adult women with IDA and thrombocytosis were enrolled. The relationship between iron parameters (such as serum iron, serum ferritin, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)C, and transferrin saturation (Tfsat)), and platelet parameters (PLT, platelet crit (PCT), mean platelet volume (MPV), mean platelet component (MPC), mean platelet mass, platelet distribution width, and large platelet (LPLT)), which measured with CBC on ADVIA, were investigated. In addition, the difference in platelet and iron parameters between severe IDA (Hb < 7 g/dl) and non-severe IDA were compared. PLT inversely correlated with serum iron and Tfsat (p < 0.05). Serum iron and TIBC revealed no significant relationships with any platelet parameters. PLT, PCT, and MPV inversely correlated with mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) but MPC exhibited linear correlation with Hb, hematocrit, and MCHC (p < 0.05). PCT had linear correlation with PLT and MPV (p < 0.001), whereas PCT, MPV, and LPLT (p < 0.001 for two formers, p < 0.05) inversely correlated with MPC. In this study, the important iron parameters affecting PLT were serum iron and Tfsat. In addition, patients with more severe and hypochromic anemia had higher PLT, PCT, and MPV.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of FDG-PET/CT in detecting bone marrow (BM) involvement, pre-treatment bilateral bone marrow biopsies (BMBs) and FDG-PET/CT scans of 89 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab-CHOP were reviewed and analyzed. Fourteen patients (15.7%) had lymphomatous involvement based on BMB (BMB+), and 17 patients (19.1%) had the possibility of BM involvement on FDG-PET/CT (FDG-PET/CT+). Seventy-two patients (80.8%) had concordant results between BMB and FDG-PET/CT (seven patients were positive for both, and 65 patients were negative for both), but 17 patients (19.2%) had a discordant interpretation (seven patients were BMB+ and FDG-PET/CT-, and ten were BMB- and FDG-PET/CT+). Although BMB+ patients had an inferior 2-year EFS (37.0% vs. 79.8%, p < 0.001) and OS (36.3% vs. 81.0%, p < 0.001) compared to BMB- patients, no differences in EFS (62.6% vs. 72.7%, p = 0.185) and OS (59.4% vs. 78.0%, p = 0.146) were shown between FDG-PET/CT+ and FDG-PET/CT- patients. Whereas six of seven patients with diffuse hypermetabolism were BMB+, only one of ten patients with focal hypermetabolism was BMB+. The results suggest that FDG-PET/CT had a limited value to detect BM involvement in patients with DLBCL. Focal hypermetabolism of hematopoietic BM in FDG-PET/CT had no impact on survival.
Annals of Hematology 10/2011; 91(5):687-95. · 2.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relationship between histopathologic characteristics and treatment outcomes in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab-based immunochemotherapy needs re-evaluation. Patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) were evaluated with respect to clinical characteristics, treatment efficacy, and survival. Immunohistochemistry of bcl-2, CD10, bcl-6, and MUM-1 was performed and patients were sub-classified as germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) or non-GCB type according to the Hans algorithm. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) between patients with GCB and those with non-GCB. Although there was no significant difference in OS between high-intermediate and high risk groups as classified by the standard International Prognostic Index (IPI; p = 0.50), all three groups with the revised IPI had a clear-cut separation for event-free survival and OS. The revised IPI better predicted survival than did the standard IPI in patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP. The Hans classification had no prognostic value.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare event observed in association with lymphoproliferative diseases, and mainly occur in plasma cell dyscrasias. It is presumed to be an intra-lysosomal accumulation of the secreted paraproteins. Crystal formation can be seen inside histiocyte-like cells with phagocytosed crystalline inclusions in the bone marrow and extramedullary sites. CSH is a rare morphological entity with poor prognostic implications and may be confused with Gaucher or pseudo-Gaucher cells. Herein we report a case of non-secretory myeloma associated with CSH showing a poor clinical course. A 79-yr-old male presenting with dizziness was evaluated in hematology department for anemia. Laboratory tests revealed Hb of 4.9 g/dL and β2-microglobulin of 21,000 ng/mL (reference range, 0-370). Presence of monoclonal protein was not detected on protein electrophoresis and immunofixation in serum and urine. However, serum free light chain assay showed an increased kappa-light chain level of 126 mg/L (reference range, 3.3-19.4) resulting in an increased kappa/lambda ratio. The bone marrow touch print showed numerous plasma cells and crystal-laden histiocytes and immunohistochemical stainings on bone marrow biopsy revealed positivity for CD38, CD56 and kappa in the plasma cells and CD68 and kappa in crystal-laden histiocytes.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 12/2010; 30(6):580-4. · 0.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TEL (ETV6)/AML1 (RUNX1) rearrangement is observed in approximately 20-25% of childhood precursor B-ALL and is associated with a favorable outcome. Additional genetic changes, associated with TEL/AML1, are frequently found. We evaluated the prevalence and prognostic significance of TEL/AML1 rearrangement and additional genetic changes in the TEL and AML1 genes in Korean childhood precursor B-ALL.
We performed FISH using LSITEL/AML1 ES probe (Vysis, USA) in 123 children diagnosed as having precursor B-ALL and assessed clinical relevance of the TEL/AML1 rearrangement and additional genetic abnormalities.
The frequency of TEL/AML1 was 17.1% (21/123) in patients with precursor B-ALL. TEL/ AML1-positive group showed male predominance (P=0.012) and younger age of onset than TEL/ AML1-negative group by 1.6 yr (P=0.013). The outcome of TEL/AML1-positive group tended to show lower incidences of relapse (1/21 vs 20/102), death (1/21 vs 17/102) and longer event free survival. Among TEL/AML1-positive patients, unrearranged TEL deletion, AML1 gain, and unrearranged TEL deletion combined with AML1 gain were detected in 61.9%, 23.8%, and 9.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences in the clinical features and outcome according to the presence or absence of additional genetic changes.
The frequency of TEL/AML1 and additional genetic changes in TEL and AML1 is higher than previous studies in Korean children, and in close agreement with usually reported one, 20-25%. TEL/AML1-positive group showed a tendency toward better prognosis. Further study is needed to clarify the prognostic significance of additional changes in TEL and AML1 based on a large sample size.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 02/2010; 30(1):1-8. · 0.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 32-yr-old man with the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) was treated with imatinib mesylate for 6 mo. The real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR ratio for BCR/ABL in blood mRNA (BCR/ABL RT-QPCR) decreased from an initial value of 0.0159 to a low value of 0.0012 after 3 mo, indicating complete hematologic response. During the next 3 mo, the patient progressed to a promyelocytic blast crisis, displaying leukemic cells containing both BCR/ABL and PML/RARalpha chimeric mRNAs. Complete remission was achieved by therapy with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and high-dose imatinib mesylate. Using retrospective PML/RARalpha RT-QPCR with a bone marrow specimen obtained at the initial diagnosis of CML-CP, we quantified the mRNA ratio as 0.000321, suggesting that the clonal evolution of PML/RARalpha translocation occurred early in the CML-CP.
Annals of clinical and laboratory science 02/2008; 38(3):283-6. · 0.88 Impact Factor