[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The functional role of inducible costimulator (ICOS)-mediated costimulation was examined in an in vivo model of alloantigen-driven Th1 or Th2 cytokine responses, the parent-into-F(1) model of acute or chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), respectively. When the Ab specific for mouse ICOS was injected into chronic GVHD-induced mice, activation of B cells, production of autoantibody, and development of glomerulonephritis were strongly suppressed. In contrast, the same treatment enhanced donor T cell chimerism and host B cell depletion in acute GVHD induced host mice. Blocking of B7-CD28 interaction by injection of anti-B7-1 and anti-B7-2 Abs inhibited both acute and chronic GVHD. These observations clearly indicate that the costimulatory signal mediated by CD28 caused the initial allorecognition resulting in the clonal expansion of alloreactive T cells, whereas the costimulatory signal mediated by ICOS played a critical role in the functional differentiation and manifestation of alloreactive T cells. Furthermore, treatment with anti-ICOS Ab selectively suppresses Th2-dominant autoimmune disease.
The Journal of Immunology 12/2001; 167(10):5741-8. · 5.52 Impact Factor