ABSTRACT: N-Nitrosamines can be considered as potential nitric oxide (NO)/nitrosonium ion (NO(+)) donors. However, the relation of the structures of N-nitrosamines, in particular of aliphatic N-nitrosamines, to the characteristics of release of NO or NO(+) remains unclear. Here we show that aliphatic N-nitrosoamines of 7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptanes can undergo heterolytic N-NO bond cleavage. On the basis of the observation of reduced rotational barriers of the N-NO bonds in solution and nitrogen-pyramidal structures of the N-nitroso group in the solid state, we postulate that N-NO bond cleavage of N-nitrosamines is enhanced by a reduction of the resonance in the N-NO group. Computational studies suggest that these structural features of the N-nitrosamines of 7-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane are derived from angle strain imposed on the CNC angles.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 11/2001; 123(42):10164-72. · 9.91 Impact Factor