ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution MR imaging at 1.5T for evaluating the mural invasion of superficial esophageal carcinoma. Forty-one esophageal specimens taken from patients suspected of having superficial carcinoma were studied using a 1.5T MR system with a surface coil. Spin-echo MR images were obtained with a field of view of 50mm, matrix of 256 x 256, and section thickness of 2mm (voxel size = 0.08 mm3). MR findings were compared with histopathologic findings. T2-weighted images clearly depicted the normal esophageal wall as consisting of 8 layers. In 39 (95%) of 41 carcinomas, the depth of mural invasion determined by MR imaging correlated well with that determined with histopathologic examination. The MR-based stage was higher in 2 (5%) cases than the histopathologic stage. High-resolution MR imaging at 1.5T shows a high diagnostic accuracy for evaluating the mural invasion of superficial esophageal carcinoma, thus potentially enabling preoperative histopathologic staging.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 03/2001; 13(2):225-31. · 2.70 Impact Factor