K J Lee

Chonbuk National University, Tsiuentcheou, North Jeolla, South Korea

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Publications (27)83.14 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The soybean Kunitz trypsin inhibitor (KTi) has several polymorphic variants. Of these, Tia and Tib, which differ by nine amino acids, are the two main types. In this study, differences in KTi proteome between Tia and Tib were investigated using three soybean cultivars and three mutant lines. Two cultivars, Baekwoon (BW) and Paldal (PD), and one mutant line, SW115-24, were Tia type, whereas one soybean cultivar, Suwon115 (SW115), and two mutant lines, BW-7-2 and PD-5-10, were Tib type. Protein from the six soybean lines was extracted and analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (non-denaturing PAGE), and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE). By SDS-PAGE, there was no difference between soybean cultivars and mutant lines, except for SW115-24. Western blot analysis revealed that, in comparison with Tia, Tib type accumulated relatively low amounts of KTi. By non-denaturing PAGE, the three soybean lines of Tib type were characterized by slower mobility than the three soybean lines of Tia type. Zymography detected eight distinct zones of trypsin inhibitory activity among which Tia and Tib lacked the fifth and sixth zone, respectively. By two-dimensional native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DN), the spots related to trypsin inhibitory activity showed different mobilities, whereas only one KTi (21.5 kDa) spot was resolved by 2-DE. By two-dimensional zymography (2-DZ), Tib showed a broader activity zone (pI 4-7) in comparison with Tia (pI 4-5). The results indicate that the genotypes with a different type of KTi present different proteomic profiles and trypsin inhibitory activities.
    Amino Acids 10/2011; 43(1):379-88. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Kunitz trypsin inhibitor (KTi) in soybean has several polymorphic types that are controlled by multiple alleles, which behave in a co-dominant fashion. Of these, Tia and Tib, which differ by nine amino acids, are the predominant types. In order to develop a single nucleotide amplified polymorphism (SNAP) marker for the classification of the predominant KTi types, Tia and Tib, and evaluate KTi activities by differing KTi type total 451 soybean mutant lines (M(12)-M(16) generation) were incorporated in this study. Among 451 soybean mutants, 144 and 13 mutant lines showed decreased and increased trypsin inhibitor activity when compared with the original cultivars, respectively. To identify the KTi type, we designed a SNAP marker. Among 451 mutant lines from 12 soybean cultivars and landraces, 8 mutant lines derived from cvs. Baekwoon, Paldal and Suwon115 showed a change in KTi type when compared with the original cultivars using the SNAP marker. Five mutant lines in Suwon115 changed from Tib to Tia, while two mutant lines derived from cv. Baekwoon and one mutant line derived from cv. Paldal were changed from Tia to Tib. These changes of KTi types were confirmed by sequencing of the KTi genes and non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the KTi proteins. To identify the effect of KTi activity based on the change in KTi type, we measured the KTi activity using the three cultivars and eight mutant lines that showed changes in KTi type. Two mutant lines (BW-1 and 7-2) derived from cv. Baekwoon and one mutant line (PD-5-10) from cv. Paldal that changed from Tia to Tib showed lower activity than the original cultivar. In cv. Suwon115, five mutant lines that changed from Tib to Tia showed higher activity than the original cultivar. These results indicate that the designed SNAP marker was capable of identifying the KTi type and that Tia activity was higher than Tib activity in soybean.
    Theoretical and Applied Genetics 05/2010; 121(4):751-60. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microscopic studies revealed that freshly collected six-rowed barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Baegdong) pollen swelled in 600±50 milliseconds (ms) (0.6±0.05 s) upon hydration with distilled water. The half time (T1/2) of complete swelling of pollen was 200 ms, which gave values of 0.14×10−5 m s−1 MPa−1 for hydraulic conductivity (Lp). This value was higher than usually reported for higher plant cells. It was hypothesized that potassium (K) may be involved in creating osmotic gradient, resulting in speedy uptake of water and ultimately rapid swelling of pollen. Macallum’s solution was used to stain K in pollen. It was found that K concentrated in the aperture area of pollen. However, breaking of pollen further revealed that heavy stains of K were not only found at the aperture wall of pollen but also found at the part of cytoplasmic area that attached with the aperture. Furthermore, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) verified staining results of K at the aperture area of pollen. These results demonstrate that barley pollen swell in fractions of a second. The high hydraulic conductivity of pollen membrane could be responsible for rapid movement of water through membrane. These results also suggest that there could be a possible role of K located at the aperture area, in rapid swelling of pollen by creating osmotic gradient across membrane, which is the prerequisite of rapid protrusion of pollen tube.
    Plant Science 07/2004; 167(1):137-142. · 4.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liquid crystal molecules with a new fluoro-isothiocyanate moiety were synthesized. They showed remarkably high TNI (>190 °C), wide mesophase range of 170 °C, high dielectric anisotropy (>14) and high optical anisotropy (>0.28). New LC Mixtures of the high TNI (>85 °C) was blended with the novel fluoroisothiocyanate containing LC molecules, phenylcyclohexanes, bicyclohexanes and ester compounds. The LC mixtures show a fast speed (
    SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 01/2003; 34(1).
  • Korean Journal of Breeding. 01/2002; 34:303-307.
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    ABSTRACT: The biology, chromosome number, and karyotype of a lung fluke, Paragonimus westermani (Kerbert, 1878) collected in Haenam, Haenam-gun Chollanam-do, Korea were analyzed. We compared the size of metacercariae from Haenam with those taken from a crayfish collected at Youngam, Youngam-gun, Chollanam-do, Korea. The mean length of P. westermani metacercariae from Haenam was 300.3 microm and that from Youngam was 362.0 microm. Adult worms were recovered from the lungs of experimentally infected dogs. The mean egg sizes obtained from adult flukes were 72.1 x 46.8 microm from Haenam and 93.5 x 54.2 microm from Youngam. Semisulcospira tegulata collected in the Youngam area were found to be infected with cercariae of P. westermani, one of the snail-borne human lung fluke trematodes in Korea. Of 4218 snails studied, 5 (0.12%) harbored P. westrermani larvae. This is the first report of S. tegulata serving as the initial intermediate host of P. westermani. The chromosome numbers of P. westermani from Haenam and Youngam were 2n = 22 and 3n = 33. The diploid type of P. westermani has not been previously reported in Korea.
    Experimental Parasitology 01/2002; 99(4):206-12. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    K J Lee, Y K Ahn, Y S Ryang
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    ABSTRACT: A survey of the infection rate of Enterobius vermicularis among students in 4 primary schools located in Gangwon-do (Province) was done from May to June 2001. Among the 398 examinees, 39 (9.8%) were infected with E. vermicularis demonstrated by the adhesive cellotape anal swab method. The infection rates ranged from 8.3% to 11.8% among the four schools. The infection rate of males and females was 10.7% and 7.7% respectively. The first grade students showed the highest infection rate, 28.7%. The confirmed cases were treated with albendazole three times at an interval of 15 days. We were able to confirm that E. vermicularis infection is still prevalent among students in Gangwon-do, Korea.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 01/2002; 39(4):327-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    S H Lee, S H Jeong, K J Lee
    Clinical Microbiology and Infection 03/2001; 7(2):98-100. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    K J Lee, I Y Lee, K Im
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    ABSTRACT: The egg positive rate of Enterobius vermicularis was investigated among students of a primary school and a kindergarten located in the rural area of Tangjin-gun, Chungchongnam-do in December, 1998. Of the 189 examinees, 28 (14.8%) were found to be infected with E. vermicularis by the adhesive cellotape anal swab method. The infection rates ranged from 4.2% to 26.1% among school children, and the highest rate was observed in children attending kindergarten. Three months after treatment with albendazole, four (14.3%) out of 28 infected children still remained infected with E. vermicularis. Through this survey, we were able to determine that E. vermicularis infection is still prevalent among children in rural areas of Korea.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2000; 38(3):177-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    K J Lee, Y K Ahn, T S Yong
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the status of infection caused by intestinal parasites among children and adolescents living in Legaspi city, the Philippines, we performed a small survey by fecal examination for helminth ova and protozoan cysts with formalin-ether concentration method. Of the 64 examinees, the infection rate was 78.1%. The infection rates of primary school children, preschool children and adolescents were 95.5%, 64.7% and 87.5%, respectively. The infection rate in urban areas was 56%, and 92.3% in rural areas. The infection rates were 51% with Trichuris trichiura, 40% with Ascaris lumbricoides, 23.4% with hookworm, 15.6% with Iodamoeba butschlii, 14.1% with Endolimax nana, 9.4% with Entamoeba coli and 7.8% with Giardia lamblia. There were 33 cases with multiple infection (51.6%). Mixed infection with more than 3 parasites was observed in 15 cases, all of them being children and adolescents living in rural areas. By this survey, it was conjectured that helminthic infection is prevalent among children and adolescents in Legaspi, Philippines.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2000; 38(3):183-5. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    I Kim, J A Im, K J Lee, Y S Ryang
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    ABSTRACT: Mucosal mast cell (MMC) responses and worm recovery rates in rats infected with Echinostoma hortense were investigated from day 3 to day 56 post-infection (p.i.). Experimental infected group showed apparently higher number of MMC in each part of the small intestine than that of the control group. The number of MMC in the duodenum increased gradually after the infection and reached a peak on day 35 p.i. Thereafter, the number of MMC continued to decrease at a slow pace. The kinetics of MMC responses in the upper and lower jejunum were similar to that of the duodenum, but the number of MMC in the jejunum was lower. The worm recovery rate decreased with respect to time of which it was markedly reduced on day 49 and 56 p.i. The duration in which a high number of MMC appeared was similar to that in which a low rate in worm recovery was recorded. These results indicate that intestinal mastocytosis may play an important role in the expulsion of E. hortense.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/2000; 38(3):139-43. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human pulmonary dirofilariasis has been documented from many parts of the world, but not in Korea so far. We experienced a patient of pulmonary dirofilariasis who had visited a local clinic because of chest pain for 1 month. On chest radiograph, a coin lesion of 2 cm diameter and enlargement of the mediastinal lymph node were shown. An exploratory lung resection was done. Pathologically the lesion was a pulmonary dirofilariasis complicated with necrotic pneumonia, fibrosis, and infarction. At the center of the lesion, degenerated nematode sections with multilayered cuticle, thick musculature, and bilateral internal ridges on each side were found, which was identified to be Dirofilaria immitis. This is the first report of human pulmonary dirofilariasis in Korea.
    Yonsei Medical Journal 05/2000; 41(2):285-8. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    G M Park, T S Yong, K Im, K J Lee
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    ABSTRACT: An enzyme analysis of the liver fluke, Clonorchis sinensis from Kimhae, Korea and from Shenyang, China was conducted using a horizontal starch gel electrophoresis in order to elucidate their genetic relationships. A total of eight enzymes was employed from two different kinds of buffer systems. Two loci from each enzyme of aconitase and esterase (alpha-Na and beta-Na); and only one locus each from six enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (GPD), 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI), and phosphoglucomutase (PGM) were detected. Most of loci in two populations of C. sinensis showed homozygous monomorphic banding patterns and one of them, GPD was specific as genetic markers between two different populations. However, esterase (alpha-Na), GPD, HBDH and PGI loci showed polymorphic banding patterns. Two populations of C. sinensis were more closely clustered within the range of genetic identity value of 0.998-1.0. In summarizing the above results, two populations of C. sinensis employed in this study showed mostly monomorphic enzyme protein banding patterns, and genetic differences specific between two populations.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 04/2000; 38(1):45-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The induction of strong cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and humoral responses appear to be essential for the elimination of persistently infecting viruses, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). Here, we tested several vaccine regimens and demonstrate that a combined vaccine regimen, consisting of HCV E2 DNA priming and boosting with recombinant E2 protein, induces the strongest immune responses to HCV E2 protein. This combined vaccine regimen augments E2-specific immunoglobulin G2a (IgG2a) and CD8(+) CTL responses to a greater extent than immunizations with recombinant E2 protein and E2 DNA alone, respectively. In addition, the data showed that a protein boost following one DNA priming was also effective, but much less so than those following two DNA primings. These data indicate that sufficient DNA priming is essential for the enhancement of DNA encoded antigen-specific immunity by a booster immunization with recombinant E2 protein. Furthermore, the enhanced CD8(+) CTL and IgG2a responses induced by our combined vaccine regimens are closely associated with the protection of BALB/c mice from challenge with modified CT26 tumor cells expressing HCV E2 protein. Together, our results provide important implications for vaccine development for many pathogens, including HCV, which require strong antibody and CTL responses.
    Journal of Virology 04/2000; 74(6):2920-5. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of human infection with Heterophyes nocens (Heterophyidae) was incidentally found in a biopsy specimen of the Meckel's diverticulum at the upper part of the small intestine. The patient was a 58-year-old man living in a rural area of Talsonggun, Kyongsangbuk-do. He had gastrointestinal symptoms such as epigastric pain, indigestion, and abdominal discomfort for 3 months, and severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting for about 1 month before hospitalization. Endoscopy of the upper part of the small intestine revealed a Meckel's diverticulum, and it was excised and histopathologically examined. Three adult flukes were incidentally found sectioned in the mucosa, and they were identified as H. nocens. The patient had a history of eating raw mullets at a fish market in Pusan 6 months ago, and the mullets were presumed to be the source of infection. This case brings a considerable interest in that specific diagnosis of heterophyid infections could be done by sectional morphology of the worms.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 10/1999; 37(3):189-94. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In plants, multiple calmodulin (CaM) isoforms exist in an organism which vary in their primary structures in as much as 32 residues out of their 148 amino acids. These CaM isoforms show differences in their expression patterns and/or target enzyme activation ability. To further understand the biological significance of CaM isoforms, we examined whether CaM isoforms act on specific regulatory targets. In gel overlay assays on various soybean tissue extracts, surprisingly, two soybean CaM isoforms (SCaM-1 and SCaM-4) did not show significant differences in their target binding protein profiles, although they exhibited minor differences in their relative target binding affinities. In addition, both SCaM isoforms not only effectively bound five known plant CaMBPs, but also showed competitive binding to these proteins. Finally, immunolocalization experiments with the SCaM proteins in sections of various tissues using specific antibodies revealed similar distribution patterns for the SCaM isoforms except for root tissues, which indicates that the SCaM isoforms are concomitantly expressed in most plant tissues. These results suggest that CaM isoforms may compete for binding to CaMBPs in vivo. This competitive nature of CaM isoforms may allow modulation of Ca(2+)/CaM signaling pathways by virtue of relative abundance and differential target activation potency.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 09/1999; 1433(1-2):56-67. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Ca2+ signal is essential for the activation of plant defense responses, but downstream components of the signaling pathway are still poorly defined. Here we demonstrate that specific calmodulin (CaM) isoforms are activated by infection or pathogen-derived elicitors and participate in Ca2+-mediated induction of plant disease resistance responses. Soybean CaM (SCaM)-4 and SCaM-5 genes, which encode for divergent CaM isoforms, were induced within 30 min by a fungal elicitor or pathogen, whereas other SCaM genes encoding highly conserved CaM isoforms did not show such response. This pathogen-triggered induction of these genes specifically depended on the increase of intracellular Ca2+ level. Constitutive expression of SCaM-4 and SCaM-5 in transgenic tobacco plants triggered spontaneous induction of lesions and induces an array of systemic acquired resistance (SAR)-associated genes. Surprisingly, these transgenic plants have normal levels of endogenous salicylic acid (SA). Furthermore, coexpression of nahG gene did not block the induction of SAR-associated genes in these transgenic plants, indicating that SA is not involved in the SAR gene induction mediated by SCaM-4 or SCaM-5. The transgenic plants exhibit enhanced resistance to a wide spectrum of virulent and avirulent pathogens, including bacteria, fungi, and virus. These results suggest that specific CaM isoforms are components of a SA-independent signal transduction chain leading to disease resistance.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/1999; 96(2):766-71. · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence from clinical and experimental studies of human and chimpanzees suggests that hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope glycoprotein E2 is a key antigen for developing a vaccine against HCV infection. To identify B-cell epitopes in HCV E2, six murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), CET-1 to -6, specific for HCV E2 protein were generated by using recombinant proteins containing E2t (a C-terminally truncated domain of HCV E2 [amino acids 386 to 693] fused to human growth hormone and glycoprotein D). We tested whether HCV-infected sera were able to inhibit the binding of CET MAbs to the former fusion protein. Inhibitory activity was observed in most sera tested, which indicated that CET-1 to -6 were similar to anti-E2 antibodies in human sera with respect to the epitope specificity. The spacial relationship of epitopes on E2 recognized by CET MAbs was determined by surface plasmon resonance analysis and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The data indicated that three overlapping epitopes were recognized by CET-1 to -6. For mapping the epitopes recognized by CET MAbs, we analyzed the reactivities of CET MAbs to six truncated forms and two chimeric forms of recombinant E2 proteins. The data suggest that the epitopes recognized by CET-1 to -6 are located in a small domain of E2 spanning amino acid residues 528 to 546.
    Journal of Virology 02/1999; 73(1):11-8. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • S W Lee, J H Cho, K J Lee, Y C Sung
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    ABSTRACT: The vaccine development for hepatitis C virus (HCV) is highly urgent to prevent non A and non B hepatitis. It was recently shown that the HCV envelope proteins appeared to the key viral antigens to induce protective immunity. To generate immune responses to the HCV envelope proteins on the DNA-based immunization, various envelope gene-containing plasmids were constructed. For efficient expression and secretion of envelope proteins, the signal sequence of each envelope protein was replaced with either herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) gD or signal sequence of gD and truncated C-terminal hydrophobic regions of envelope proteins. The intramuscular injection of these plasmids generated a significant level of antibody titers to the E1 and E2 proteins, which maximally reached 850 and 25,000 respectively. The secreted form of each envelope protein and the fusion of the highly immunogenic gD proteins were shown to have no significant effect on generating immune responses to the envelope proteins. In addition, immunized rats appeared to generate antibodies directed to the homologous HVR-1 peptide. Splenic lymphocytes from immunized rats were shown to induce significant T-cell proliferative responses with the stimulation of recombinant E1 and E2 proteins. Our results demonstrated that the HCV envelope-DNA based immunization could elicit both humoral and cellular immune responses.
    Molecules and Cells 09/1998; 8(4):444-51. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The envelope protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is composed of two membrane-associated glycoproteins, E1 and E2. To obtain HCV E2 protein as a secretory form at a high level, we constructed a recombinant chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line expressing a C-terminal truncated E2 (E2t) fused to human growth hormone (hGH), CHO/hGHE2t. The hGHE2t fusion protein was purified from the culture supernatant using anti-hGH mAb affinity chromatography at approximately 80% purity. The purified hGHE2t protein appeared to be assembled into oligomers linked by intermolecular disulfide bond(s) when density gradient centrifugation and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were employed. When the purified fusion protein was used for testing its ability to bind to antibodies specific for HCV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the protein was recognized by antibodies in sera from 90% of HCV-positive patients. Treatment of hGHE2t protein by beta-mercaptoethanol, but not by heat and SDS, significantly reduced its reactivity to the antibodies of patient sera, suggesting that intermolecular and/or intramolecular disulfide bonds are important for its ability to recognize its specific antibody and that the E2 protein contains discontinuous antigenic epitope(s).
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/1997; 272(48):30040-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

455 Citations
83.14 Total Impact Points


  • 2004
    • Chonbuk National University
      Tsiuentcheou, North Jeolla, South Korea
  • 2002
    • Yonsei University
      • The Institute of Genetic Science
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2000–2002
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001
    • Seoul National University
      • College of Natural Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Youngdong University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1992–2000
    • Pohang University of Science and Technology
      • • Department of Life Sciences
      • • Center for Biofunctional Molecules
      Andong, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 1997–1999
    • Gyeongsang National University
      • • Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center
      • • Department of Biochemistry
      Chinju, South Gyeongsang, South Korea