Kenshi Kamei

Chugai pharmceutical, Japan

Are you Kenshi Kamei?

Claim your profile

Publications (8)16.69 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We successfully discovered peptidomimetic motilin antagonists (17c and 17d) through the improvement of physicochemical properties of a tetrapeptide antagonist (2). Furthermore, with oral administration and based on motilin antagonistic activity, both compounds suppressed motilin-induced colonic and gastric motility in conscious dogs.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 08/2009; 19(13):3426-9. · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pharmacological properties of MA-2029, a selective and competitive motilin receptor antagonist, were investigated in conscious dogs after oral administration. Gastrointestinal contractile activity was recorded by chronically implanted force transducers. The proximal gastric volume was measured with a barostat under constant pressure. Gastric emptying was examined using the paracetamol absorption test. MA-2029 (0.3-10 mg/kg, p.o.) administered in the interdigestive state inhibited gastrointestinal contractions induced by motilin (3 microg/kg, i.v.) in a dose-dependent manner. MA-2029 (0.3-3 mg/kg, p.o.) also inhibited the occurrence of spontaneous phase III contractions, even though MA-2029 had no effect on basal gastrointestinal motility or basal gastric emptying even at 10 and 30 mg/kg p.o. The inhibitory effect of MA-2029 on motilin-induced gastrointestinal motility corresponded to its plasma concentration. Motilin (0.3 microg/kg/h, i.v. infusion) reduced the proximal gastric volume by about 50% of control during isobaric distension. This effect was also inhibited by MA-2029 (1-10 mg/kg, p.o.) in a dose-dependent manner. In the digestive state, injection of motilin (3 microg/kg, i.v.) induced diarrhea in 9 of 11 dogs. MA-2029 (1-30 mg/kg, p.o.) reduced the incidence of diarrhea induced by motilin in a dose-dependent manner. The results indicate that MA-2029 inhibits hypermotility induced by motilin in conscious dogs without having an effect on the basal gastrointestinal tone or gastric emptying rate. MA-2029 may be useful in treating gastrointestinal disorders in which the pathogenesis involves the elevation of circulating motilin.
    European journal of pharmacology 06/2009; 615(1-3):185-92. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of mitemcinal (GM-611), an orally active motilin receptor agonist, on delayed gastric emptying in a canine model of diabetic gastroparesis and to compare these effects with those of cisapride. 2. Moderate hyperglycaemia was induced by a single intravenous injection of a mixture of streptozotocin (30 mg/kg) and alloxan (50 mg/kg). Dogs that maintained moderate hyperglycaemia (fasting plasma glucose 200-300 mg/dL) without insulin treatment were selected and gastric emptying in these dogs was determined by the paracetamol method. 3. One year after the onset of diabetes, there was no difference in the gastric emptying of normal and diabetic dogs. However, after 5 years, the diabetic dogs showed delayed gastric emptying. The motor nerve conduction velocity of the tibial nerve was significantly lower in diabetic dogs compared with normal dogs at both time points. 4. Histopathological examination at the end of the study showed that there were fewer nerve fibres in both dorsal vagal and tibial nerves of diabetic dogs compared with normal dogs. The onset of delayed gastric emptying is thought to have occurred gradually, in parallel with abnormal autonomic nerve function induced by the long period of moderate hyperglycaemia. 5. Oral administration of mitemcinal (0.125, 0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg) dose-dependently accelerated delayed gastric emptying, significant at 0.5 mg/kg, in diabetic dogs, whereas cisapride (1, 3 or 10 mg/kg) had no significant effect. These results add to the existing evidence that mitemcinal is likely to be useful for treating diabetic gastroparesis.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 08/2008; 35(7):788-96. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pharmacological properties of MA-2029, a novel motilin receptor antagonist, were investigated. In vitro, MA-2029 (1 to 30 nM) competitively inhibited motilin-induced contractions in isolated rabbit duodenal longitudinal muscle strips, with a pA2 value of 9.17+/-0.01 (n=5). However, contractile responses to acetylcholine and substance P were unaffected even at 1 microM of MA-2029. MA-2029 concentration-dependently inhibited the binding of [125 I]motilin to motilin receptors in a homogenate of rabbit colon smooth muscle tissue and membranes of HEK 293 cells expressing human motilin receptors. The pKi of MA-2029 was 8.58+/-0.04 in the rabbit colon homogenate (n=4) and 8.39 in the HEK 293 cells (mean of duplicate experiments). In vivo, orally-administered MA-2029 (3 to 30 mg/kg) dose-dependently inhibited colonic contractions induced by motilin (3 microg/kg, i.v.) in conscious rabbits. Inhibition was caused by all doses at 30 min after administration and by 10 mg/kg or more at 4 h after administration. The plasma concentration of MA-2029 correlated with its inhibitory effect. Furthermore, the oral administration of MA-2029 (0.3 to 3 mg/kg) also inhibited abdominal muscle contractions (an index of the visceral pain) induced by intravenous infusion of motilin (3 microg/kg/h) during colorectal distension in conscious rabbits. These results indicate that MA-2029 is an orally active, selective and competitive motilin receptor antagonist. It is suggested that this compound may be useful for gastrointestinal disorders associated with disturbed gastrointestinal motility such as irritable bowel syndrome.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 04/2008; 581(3):296-305. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. We examined effects of orally administered mitemcinal, an erythromycin-derived motilin agonist, on gastric emptying and antroduodenal motility in conscious normal dogs and conscious dogs with experimentally delayed gastric emptying. For comparison, we also examined the effects of orally administered cisapride. 2. Gastric emptying was assessed by adding paracetamol to the test meal and determining three of its pharmacokinetic parameters as indices of gastric emptying. Antroduodenal motility was assessed from the output of force transducers chronically implanted in the gastric antrum and duodenum. 3. In normal dogs, mitemcinal (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) dose-dependently accelerated gastric emptying, significantly increasing all three indices at doses of 0.5 and 1 mg/kg; cisapride (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg) had no significant effect. Mitemcinal also dose-dependently stimulated antroduodenal motility in the interdigestive and digestive states. Cisapride, at 100-fold the dose, produced similar effects in the interdigestive state, but mixed results in the digestive state. 4. In dogs with delayed gastric emptying induced by subcutaneous clonidine (0.03 mg/kg), mitemcinal (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) dose-dependently improved delayed gastric emptying, significantly increasing two of three indices at a dose of 1 mg/kg. Cisapride (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg) caused non-significant increases in the indices of gastric emptying, with roughly bell-shaped dose-response curves. The highest dose of mitemcinal (1 mg/kg) also stimulated antroduodenal motility. 5. In dogs with delayed gastric emptying induced by vagotomy, mitemcinal (0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) dose-dependently improved delayed gastric emptying, significantly increasing all three indices at doses of 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg. Cisapride (3 mg/kg) restored the indices to roughly prevagotomy levels, but none of the increases was significant. Mitemcinal, at a dose of 0.25 mg/kg, also stimulated antroduodenal motility. 6. Because delayed gastric emptying is the basic characteristic of gastroparesis, the fact that mitemcinal accelerated gastric emptying in dogs with normal and delayed gastric emptying much more robustly than cisapride adds to the evidence that mitemcinal is likely to be useful for the treatment of patients with gastroparesis.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 02/2008; 35(1):35-42. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of mitemcinal (GM-611), an orally active motilin agonist, on defecation were investigated in rabbits and dogs. In normal rabbits, within 0-3 h of dosing, orally administered mitemcinal (2.5-10 mg kg(-1)) increased stool weight in a dose-dependent manner without causing loose stools. Sennoside (12-48 mg kg(-1)) also facilitated defecation within 2-9 h of oral administration, but the stools were significantly loosened. In the morphine-induced constipation model, the stool weight of morphine-treated rabbits (1 mg kg(-1)) was only 37.5% of that of untreated animals. Mitemcinal (0.5-20 mg kg(-1)) dose-dependently increased stool weight without increasing stool water content. At the highest dose of mitemcinal, stool weight recovered to 83.9% of that of untreated animals. In normal dogs, mitemcinal (0.3-3 mg kg(-1)) reduced the time to first bowel movement after oral administration without inducing diarrhoea at any dose. These results indicate that mitemcinal facilitates defecation without inducing severe diarrhoea. It is suggested that mitemcinal may be a novel therapeutic agent for constipation that enables easier control of the timing of defecation because of the early onset and short duration of its action, compared with sennoside.
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 04/2007; 19(4):318-26. · 2.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prokinetic effects of mitemcinal, an orally active motilin receptor agonist, on the lower gastrointestinal tracts were investigated in conscious dogs. Oral administration of mitemcinal (0.1-1 mg/kg) stimulated colonic motility, which was measured by chronically implanted force-transducers, as well as gastric motility in a dose-dependent manner. The gastrointestinal contractile activities induced by mitemcinal were inhibited by the continuous intravenous infusion of GM-109, a selective motilin receptor antagonist. Oral administration of mitemcinal (0.3-3 mg/kg) also accelerated bowel movement after feeding without inducing diarrhea in dogs. The results demonstrate that mitemcinal stimulates colonic motility via motilin receptors and the effect of mitemcinal on colonic motility may reflect bowel movement after feeding. Thus, mitemcinal could be a promising agent for treatment of not only the upper but also the lower gastrointestinal motility disorders.
    Inflammopharmacology 03/2007; 15(1):36-42.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of mitemcinal (GM-611) on the gastrointestinal contractile activity were investigated using chronically implanted force transducers in conscious dogs and were compared with the effects of porcine motilin (pMTL), EM-523 and EM-574. In the interdigestive state, intravenous and oral administration of mitemcinal, EM-523 and EM-574 induced the gastrointestinal contractile activity in a manner similar to pMTL. The contractile activity caused by mitemcinal was suppressed by continuous intravenous infusion of a motilin receptor antagonist. In the digestive state, intravenous and oral administration of mitemcinal, EM-523 and EM-574 also stimulated the gastrointestinal contractile activity. Mitemcinal, EM-523 and EM-574 given intravenously increased the gastric contractile activity in a similar dose range; however, mitemcinal was approximately 10 times more potent than EM-523 and EM-574 when administered orally in the digestive state. These results indicate that the mitemcinal-induced gastrointestinal contractile activity operates via motilin receptors and possesses a higher activity than EM-523 and EM-574 when administered orally in conscious dogs in the digestive state. Mitemcinal may therefore be useful in the treatment of several gastrointestinal disorders involving dysmotility, such as gastroparesis and functional dyspepsia, even when administered orally.
    Pharmacology 01/2007; 79(4):223-35. · 1.60 Impact Factor