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Publications (4)14.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report two patients (four and twelve days old respectively) with heart failure due to absent pulmonary valve and patent ductus arteriosus. The ductus arteriosus in both patients had unusual course arising early from the aortic arch and maintaining an acute angle with the aortic arch. The etiology of absent pulmonary valve syndrome is still not clear. We speculate on the role of arterial duct in the development of absent pulmonary valve syndrome.
    International Journal of Cardiology 10/1997; 61(2):109-12. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Absorbable pulmonary artery banding may be a useful method of avoiding further operation or angioplasty in patients whose underlying lesion has a natural history of resolution. We report 2 cases of absorbable pulmonary artery banding using braided Dexon. In both cases the bands functioned well initially and were completely resorbed after 2 years and 6 months, respectively.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 09/1997; 64(2):539-41. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Certain forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) confer a high risk for the development of severe pulmonary hypertension before and after corrective cardiac surgery. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has theoretical benefits in the treatment of this complication in that it assures oxygenation, corrects acid-base balance and provides haemodynamic support at the same time as allowing lung rest from ventilation. We examined our experience of the 117 children and neonates supported with ECMO between November 1989 and July 1993. Of these, five received support for critical pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease. They comprised three who had undergone surgical repair of CHD, one whose total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage was diagnosed and corrected whilst on ECMO and one neonate with functional pulmonary atresia. Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) was estimated by Doppler echocardiography in all patients and confirmed invasively in two. The median systolic PAP was 46 (range 42-65) mmHg prior to ECMO. The median ratio of pulmonary to systemic arterial pressure (PAP/SAP) was 0.75 (0.70-0.92). Following ECMO of 16-120 h duration, the median systolic PAP was 34 (30-49) mmHg with PAP/SAP 0.50 (0.35-0.60). All patients survived and there were no complications related to ECMO. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an effective treatment in critical pulmonary hypertension and should be considered in all patients in whom this is refractory to conventional measures.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 02/1995; 9(10):553-6. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The survival of patients with truncus arteriosus beyond one year of age is rare without surgical treatment [3 . Early surgery may be associated with a mortality but is still preferable, as the risks of established pulmonary hypertensive disease complicate delayed surgery [2]. We report the successful salvage of a pulmonary hypertensive crisis 24 h after corrective surgery in a late presenting patient using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) via cervical cannulation. Post-operative pulmonary hypertensive crises may present a difficult management problem. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is therapeutic in these circumstances in addition to providing life support. Cervical cannulation remains the method of choice in the postoperative cardiac patient.
    European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 02/1993; 7(7):390-1. · 2.67 Impact Factor