ABSTRACT: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and overlap-syndrome (OS) are autoimmune liver diseases of unknown etiology. Although HLA-DR3/DR4 plays a susceptibility role in AIH but there is limited information in regard to OS.
Determine the genetic expression of HLA-DR among patients with AIH versus OS in order to establish susceptibility alleles in comparison to healthy controls (HC).
26 patients with AIH and 15 patients with OS were studied. Ninety-nine healthy historical controls without autoimmunity were evaluated. Patients with AIH and OS were selected based on the international group for the study of AIH criteria and the Chazouilleres criteria for OS. Patients had at least one liver biopsy. Characterization of HLA-DR was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. Alleles were obtained for AIH, OS and HC and comparisons were made between groups.
There was a significant increase in HLADR3 and DR1 in AIH compared with the HC group (p = 0.04, OR 2.6, 0.87-7.9, 95% CI). In the AIH group there was a decreased frequency in allele HLA-DR8 when compared with HC (p = 0.04, OR 3.2). There were no statistical differences between the genetic frequencies in the OS group compared with HC. However, HLA-DR7 was able to distinguish between OS patients from those with AIH (p = 0.02, OR 9.8, 1.02-233.6, 95% CI).
HLA-DR1/DR3 is increased in AIH, but contrary to data reported in AIH, HLA-DR7 frequency is increased in OS, suggesting increased susceptibility which distinguishes patients with AIH from those with OS.
Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 01/2011; 10(1):28-32. · 1.81 Impact Factor