[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported in mammalian genomes. These RNAs represent an important subset of pervasive genes involved in a broad range of biological functions. Aberrant expression of lncRNAs is associated with many types of cancers. Here, in order to explore the potential lncRNAs involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) oncogenesis, we performed lncRNA gene expression profile analysis in 3 pairs of human HCC and adjacent non-tumor (NT) tissues by microarray.
PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e101707. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An increasing data indicates that altered microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the radiation-induced DNA damage response. However, a correlation of mRNA and miRNA profiles across the entire genome and in response to irradiation has not been thoroughly assessed. We analyzed miRNA microarray data collected from HeLa cells after ionizing radiation (IR), quantified the expression profiles of mRNAs and performed comparative analysis of the data sets using target prediction algorithms, Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, pathway analysis, and gene network construction. The results showed that the altered miRNAs were involved in regulation of various cellular functions. miRNA-gene network analyses revealed that miR-186, miR-106b, miR-15a/b, CCND1 and CDK6 played vital role in the cellular radiation response. Using qRT-PCR, we confirmed that twenty-two miRNAs showed differential expression in HeLa cells treated with IR and some of these miRNAs affected cell cycle progression. This study demonstrated that miRNAs influence gene expression in the entire genome during the cellular radiation response and suggested vital pathways for further research.
Chinese Science Bulletin 12/2013; 58(36). · 1.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cisplatin is a classic chemotherapy agent used for treating human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, cisplatin resistance is a challenge against successful clinical use. Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) has been reported to contribute to cisplatin resistance in many studies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that are 21-25 nucleotides in length. They play a role in post-transcriptional gene regulation by inducing repression and/or mRNA degradation. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs are responsible for cisplatin resistance. This study aims to determine whether deregulated miRNAs can sensitize human lung adenocarcinoma cells to cisplatin by targeting GSTP1. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that GSTP1 mRNA expression was 2.7 ± 0.38 folds (p=0.039) upregulated in A549/CDDP cells, compared with the parental A549 cells, while miR-513a-3p expression was 0.34 ± 0.03 folds (p=0.023) downregulated. Luciferase activity assay proved that GSTP1 was a target gene of miR-513a-3p, which was confirmed by Western blot analysis. Furthermore, CCK-8 assay showed that overexpression of miR-513a-3p could enhance cisplatin-induced apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines, A549/CDDP and SPC-A-1. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that miR-513a-3p can sensitize human lung adenocarcinoma cells to cisplatin by targeting GSTP1.
Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 06/2012; 77(3):488-94. · 3.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: microRNAs (miRNAs) are a versatile class of non-coding RNAs involved in regulation of various biological processes. miRNA-122 (miR-122) is specifically and abundantly expressed in human liver. In this study, we employed 3'-end biotinylated synthetic miR-122 to identify its targets based on affinity purification. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis of the affinity purified RNAs demonstrated a specific enrichment of several known miR-122 targets such as CAT-1 (also called SLC7A1), ADAM17 and BCL-w. Using microarray analysis of affinity purified RNAs, we also discovered many candidate target genes of miR-122. Among these candidates, we confirmed that protein kinase, interferon-inducible double-stranded RNA-dependent activator (PRKRA), a Dicer-interacting protein, is a direct target gene of miR-122. miRNA quantitative-RT-PCR results indicated that miR-122 and small interfering RNA against PRKRA may facilitate the accumulation of newly synthesized miRNAs but did not detectably affect endogenous miRNAs levels. Our findings will lead to further understanding of multiple functions of this hepato-specific miRNA. We conclude that miR-122 could repress PRKRA expression and facilitate accumulation of newly synthesized miRNAs.
Nucleic Acids Research 09/2011; 40(2):884-91. · 8.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ionizing radiation (IR) causes severe cellular damage both directly and indirectly and disrupts RNA integrity. RNA strand
breaks are the most frequent type of damage caused by IR. RNA damage is involved in the development of degenerative diseases,
including Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. However, the mechanism of mRNA damage and any resulting pathophysiological
outcomes are poorly understood. This is partly because there is a lack of sensitive tools to monitor damage randomly occurring
in RNA, especially RNA strand break damage in a given RNA. In this work, a method using the reverse transcription polymerase
chain reaction (RT-PCR) after poly(A) addition to 3′-end of RNA to determine RNA strand break damage in a specific RNA by
poly(A) polymerase has been developed. The levels of damage in specific mRNAs, including ABL1, TP53, GADD45A and ATR from IR-treated HeLa cells were examined. Strand breaks were detected in all mRNAs examined. The study provides a novel and
sensitive method based on 3′-end poly(A)-tailing RT-PCR to monitor RNA strand break damage.
KeywordsRNA damage–RNA strand break–ionizing radiation–poly(A) polymerase–RT-PCR
Chinese Science Bulletin 01/2011; 56(30):3172-3177. · 1.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, some miRNAs have been reported to be connected closely with the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the functions of these miRNAs in HCC remain largely undefined.
The expression profiles of miR-193b were compared between HCC tissues and adjacent normal liver tissues using qRT-PCR method. This method was also be used to screen the potential target genes of miR-193b. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm target association. Finally, the functional effect of miR-193b in hepatoma cells was examined further.
miR-193b was significantly down-regulated in most of the HCC tissues compared to the matching non-tumoural liver tissues. Furthermore, ectopic expression of miR-193b dramatically suppressed the ability of hepatoma cells to form colonies in vitro and to develop tumours in nude mice. CCND1 and ETS1 were revealed to be regulated by miR-193b directly. By regulating the expressions of these oncogenes, miR-193b induced cell cycle arrest and inhibited the invasion and migration of hepatoma cells.
miR-193b may function as a tumour suppressor in the development of HCC by acting on multiple tumourigenic pathways.
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 10/2010; 46(15):2828-36. · 4.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In recent years, some miRNAs have been reported to be connected closely with the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma. In our previous studies, a set of miRNAs were revealed to be dysregulated in HCC tissues. However, the functions of these miRNAs in HCC remain largely undefined.
The expression profiles of miR-183 were compared between HCC tissues and adjacent normal liver tissues using qRT-PCR method. This method was used to screen the potential target genes of miR-183. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm target association. Finally, the functional effect of miR-183 in hepatoma cells was examined.
Among the 25 HCC samples analyzed, microRNA-183 was significantly up-regulated (twofold to 367-fold) in 17 samples compared with the matching nontumoral liver tissues. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) was identified as the target gene of miR-183. Moreover, PDCD4 is a proapoptotic molecule involved in TGF-beta1-induced apoptosis in human HCC cells, we found that miR-183 transfectants were resistant to apoptosis induced by TGF-beta1.
We conclude that miR-183 can inhibit apoptosis in human HCC cells by repressing the PDCD4 expression, and miR-183 may play an important role in HCC development.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: tRNAs play a central role in protein translation, acting as the carrier of amino acids. By cloning microRNAs, we unexpectedly obtained some tRNA fragments generated by tRNA cleavage in the anticodon loop. These tRNA fragments are present in many cell lines and different mouse tissues. In addition, various stress conditions can induce this tRNA cleavage event in mammalian cells. More importantly, angiogenin (ANG), a member of RNase A superfamily, appears to be the nuclease which cleaves tRNAs into tRNA halves in vitro and in vivo. These results imply that angiogenin plays an important physiological role in cell stress response, except for the known function of inducing angiogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been proposed as a versatile class of molecules involved in regulation of various biological processes. Although there is emerging evidence that some microRNAs can function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, the specific role of miRNA in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unclear at this point. In this study, we examined the microRNA expression profiles in a set of 20 human HCC specimens by miRNA microarray and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that among the 20 HCC samples analyzed, microRNA-101 was significantly down-regulated twofold or more (twofold to 20-fold) in 16 samples compared with the matching nontumoral liver tissues. Using both a luciferase reporter assay and Western blot analysis, we showed that microRNA-101 repressed the expression of v-fos FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homolog (FOS) oncogene, a key component of the activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. Moreover, using a luciferase expression vector (pAP-1-Luc) driven by seven copies of an AP-1 cis-element, we observed that microRNA-101 expression inhibited phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced AP-1 activity. In in vitro Matrigel invasion and Transwell migration assays, enhanced microRNA-101 expression inhibited the invasion and migration of cultured HCC cells, respectively. These findings suggest that microRNA-101 may play an important role in HCC. CONCLUSION: MicroRNA-101, which is aberrantly expressed in HCC, could repress the expression of the FOS oncogene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: miRNAs regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation or by targeting messenger RNA (mRNA) for degradation in a post-transcriptional fashion. In the present study, we show that ectopic expression of miR-34a reduces both mRNA and protein levels of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6). We also demonstrate that miR-34a targets the 3'-untranslated mRNA region of CCND1 as well as CDK6, which in turn interferes with phosphorylation of retinoblastoma. In addition, we show that overexpression of miR-34a induces a significant G1 cell-cycle arrest in the A549 cell line. Taken together, our data suggest that the effects of miR-34a on G1 cell cycle arrest are through the down-regulation of CCND1 and CDK6, which is associated with other targets of miR-34a either additively or synergistically.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The initiation and progression of tumor is regulated by multiple genes. Survivin belongs to the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family and is overexpressed in most types of human tumors. Apoptin, originally identified from chicken anemia virus (CAV), can specifically induce apoptosis of human tumor cells rather than normal cells. In this study, survivin expression was silenced by microRNA (miRNA)-mediated RNA interference (RNAi); meanwhile, the engineered miRNA vector was also designed to express apoptin gene. The apoptosis and cell growth were then examined by flow cytometry and MTT assay. The miRNA-mediated knockdown of survivin in combination with apoptin overexpression significantly induced apoptosis and inhibited cell growth. Importantly, the combined strategy was more effective on inducing apoptosis and inhibiting cell growth than either survivin downregulation or apoptin overexpression alone. Taken together, the combined strategy offers potential advantages in control of tumorigenesis, and thus deserves further research as a preferred approach in cancer gene therapy.
Cancer biology & therapy 05/2008; 7(7):1053-60. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Telomerase expresses in many cancers and may contribute to drug-resistance. The aim of this study is to observe the effect of telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) DNAzyme on growth of A549/DDP cells and to explore the possibility of telomerase as a new target in treatment of drug resistance for lung cancer.
An hTERT DNAzyme was composed. Telomerase activity was measured by telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) modified from Kim's method. MTT was used to show the influence of hTERT DNAzyme and cisplatin on A549/DDP cells.
The telomerase activity of A549/DDP cells was down-regulated by hTERT DNAzyme in a dose-dependent manner. The growth inhibition rate of A549/DDP cells was 32.9% by hTERT DNAzyme of 0.25μmol/L, and 60.5% by hTERT DNAzyme combined with 3mg/L cisplatin. The CDI of hTERT DNAzyme and cisplatin was 0.9.
hTERT DNAzyme can inhibit the growth of A549/DDP cells and has a synergistic effect with cisplatin. It is suggested that telomerase may be a new target in treatment of drug-resistant lung cancer cells.
Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer 10/2006; 9(5):405-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The microRNAs (miRNAs) are an extensive class of small noncoding RNAs (18-25 nucleotides) with important roles in the regulation of gene expression. Although a large number of miRNAs have been identified in a variety of eukaryotic systems, the function of the vast majority of these molecules remains unknown. To study the functions of miRNAs, it is crucial to determine their spatial and temporal expression patterns. Although there are some existing methods that can analyze the expression of miRNAs, it is not an easy task for routine gene-expression studies. In this study, we have established a simple method to detect the expression of mature miRNAs. Total RNA was polyadenylated by poly(A) polymerase, and then cDNA was synthesized by a specific reverse transcriptase (RT) primer and reverse transcriptase using the poly(A)-tailed total RNA as templates. The expression of several mature miRNAs was assayed by this method. The expression profile of two miRNAs, determined by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, was identical to that determined by Northern blotting. All these data show that the poly(A)-tailed RT-PCR is a convenient method to detect the expression of miRNAs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short 20-25 nucleotides RNA molecules that have been shown to regulate gene expressions in a variety of eukaryotic systems. miRNAs are widespread in eukaryotes and several hundred of miRNAs have been identified, but still a lot of miRNAs have not been detected in various eukaryotic organisms. However, it is not an easy work to clone miRNAs by traditional methods. Here, we describe the identification of 27 miRNAs from a human fetal liver cDNA library by a novel cloning method. Low molecular weight RNA fraction (< or = 200 nt) from fetal liver tissue was extracted, and polyadenylated by poly(A) polymerase. A 5' RNA adaptor was ligated to poly(A)-tailed RNA using T4 RNA ligase. After reverse transcription, the cDNA was amplified by PCR with two adaptor primers. The PCR product with a size about 109 bp was recovered and cloned into T vector. After sequencing, database searching, and expression profiling, 5 novel miRNAs were discovered among other 22 known miRNAs in human fetal liver. These finding indicate that a large diverse population of miRNAs may function to regulate gene expression in hepatocyte.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human telomeric repeat binding factor 1(TRF1) contains one Myb-type DNA-binding repeat and an amino-terminal acidic domain. It can bind to the duplex array of TTAGGG repeats at chromosome ends and is shown to be important in preserving genomic stability, maintaining cell proliferative capacity, and blocking the activation of DNA-damage cell cycle checkpoints. Interestingly, the double strand DNA breaks sensor ATM interacts with and phosphorylates Pin2/TRF1 and inhibits its function after DNA damage. Are there some proteins else that can interact with TRF1 and influence its function? In order to analysis the interaction between TRF1 and other proteins, we must prepare the antiserum that can recognize the endogenous TRF1 of cell lysates. TRF1 cDNA was amplified using cDNA Library of HeLa cell by PCR and cloned into pUCm-T vector. Sequence analysis reveals identity to the GenBank report. The TRF1 cDNA was subcloned into expression vector pET-28c(+) and expressed in E. coli as a fusion protein of 65 kD. The recombinant TRF1 can express in the supernatant (about 12.3% in total protein) on the induction of 0.5 mmol/L IPTG at 37 degrees C for 3 hours. Western-blot analysis showed the recombinant protein can react with TRF1 polyclonal antibody sc-6165 (from Santa Cruz Company). His6-TRF1 was purified by Ni(2+) -NTA resin affinity chromatography made by ourselves and showed to be homogeneity in SDS-PAGE. Rabbits were immunized for four times to prepare polyclonal antibody. The unpurified antiserum can recognize the overexpressed TRF1 with myc-tag and the endogenous Pin2/TRF1 of cell lysate by Western-blot at 1:1000 dilution. At 1:400 dilution, the antiserum can interact with endogenous TRF1 by Immunofluorescence cell staining analysis. The endogenous TRF1 in different cell lines, such as HepG2, 803, MCF7 and HeLa, locates in the nucleus. The soluble expression TRF1 and preparation of its antibody lay the foundation to study it further.
Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology 02/2004; 20(1):30-3.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Specific gene expression plays an important role in cancer gene therapy. Construction of specific expression vector is the basis of cancer gene therapy. This study was conducted to explore the expression specificity of osm (oncostatin M) gene driven by human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene promoter in tumor cells with telomerase activity and to investigate the growth inhibitory capability of expression of osm gene on telomerase-positive tumor cells.
The authors constructed the expression vector of osm gene afforded by the hTERT promoter and investigated its effect on tumors in vitro using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), transient transfection, and MTT method.
Expression of extrinsic osm gene driven by hTERT gene promoter was detected in HepG2 cell with telomerase activity, and not detected in human embryonic lung fibroblast (HEL) cell without telomerase activity. After transfection of phTERT-osm, the proliferation of HepG2, HeLa, Glc, and A549 cells showed significant inhibitory effect, and the inhibitory rate was 12.4-46%. No inhibitory effect appeared in HEL cell.
The expression of osm gene under the control of hTERT gene promoter can restrict toxic effect to telomerase-positive tumor cells, and alleviate the toxic effect on normal cells without telomerase activity.
Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 07/2003; 22(6):575-8.