Publications (2)10.72 Total impact
Article: CT-Guided Percutaneous Vertebroplasty of the Upper Cervical Spine Via a Translateral Approach.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The clinical management of spinal hemangiomas and osteolytic metastases involving the upper cervical spine (C1-C3) is challenging. Symptoms vary from simple vertebral pain to progressive neurological deficits. Surgery and radiotherapy have been the treatment options for years. Surgery, however, can result in complications, such as hemorrhage, and may be counter-indicated when the treatment goal is primarily palliative due to multiple metastases, an unfavorable prognosis and/or a poor performance state. On the other hand, radiotherapy carries the risk of inducing secondary sarcomas or producing radionecrosis. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) was recently introduced as an alternative for treating patients in whom surgery and radiotherapy are counter-indicated. As of yet, there are few PVP case reports. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PVP using a computed tomography (CT)-guided translateral approach via the space between the carotid sheath and vertebral artery for hemangiomas or metastatic lesions at C1-C3 under local anesthesia. CT-guided PVP was performed in 15 patients with hemangiomas or metastatic lesions at C1-C3 and clinical outcomes were evaluated. An interventional therapy group at a medical center in a major Chinese city. Fifteen consecutive patients had a total of 15 cervical vertebral bodies treated with CT-guided PVP via a translateral approach. The patients were followed up for a mean postoperative period of 8.3 months (range, 1-40 months). Pain status was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). The presence of complications was assessed preoperatively (baseline) and at 24 hours, 2 weeks, and one, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively, or until the patient died or was lost to follow-up. Fifteen consecutive patients were successfully treated with CT-guided PVP via a translateral approach. Their mean VAS score decreased from 7.7 ± 2.9 preoperatively to 1.4 ± 1.5 by the 24 hour postoperative time point, and was 1.2 ± 1.3 at 2 weeks, 1.2 ± 1.3 at one month, 1.4 ± 1.3 at 3 months, 0.6 ± 0.9 at 6 months, 0.3 ± 0.5 at 12 months, and 0 at 24 months after the procedure. The mean VAS score at all of the postoperative time points differed significantly from the preoperative baseline score (P < 0.05). No severe complications were observed. Mild complications included 2 cases (13.3%) of asymptomatic cement leakage into the epidural space, one case (6.67%) of anterior leakage from the vertebral body, and 2 cases (13.3%) of paravertebral leakage. This was an observational study with a relatively small sample size. The safety and efficacy of CT-guided PVP using a translateral approach via the space between the carotid sheath and vertebral artery were demonstrated in patients with hemangioma or metastasis in the upper cervical spine. CT-guided PVP via a translateral approach should become a treatment option for such patients.Pain physician 09/2012; 15(5):E733-41. · 10.72 Impact Factor
Article: [Clinical observation about percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteolytic metastatic carcinoma of cervical vertebra].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility, safety and operative techniques of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in treating osteolytic bone metastasis of cervical vertebra and reconstructing the function of cervical vertebra. From March 2005 to December 2007, 10 patients with osteolytic bone metastatic carcinoma in single cervical vertebral body received PVP, including 5 males and 5 females aged 38-75 years (mean 54.5 years). Among them, 5 patients had primary lung tumor, 1 primary renal tumor, 1 primary breast tumor, 1 primary cervical tumor and 2 unknown primary lesion. The course of disease was 2-4 years. All the patients suffered from obviously cervical pain and limitation of activity, including 4 cases of metastatic tumor of the C2 vertebral body, 2 of C3, 2 of C6 and 2 of C7. The general condition of patients was stable before operation, and no blood coagulation dysfunction, radiculalgia and spinal cord compression were detected. Lateral PVP was performed on 6 cases, approaching between the vertebral artery and the carotid sheath under CT guidance and anterolateral PVP was performed on the rest 4 cases, approaching between the trachea and the internal carotid artery under continuously X-ray fluoroscopy. The amount of bone cement injected was 3-4 mL, and the filling rate was 50%-100%. Without obvious bleeding or organ injury, the puncture was performed successfully on all the patients. Without symptom of spinal cord compression, patients suffered from pain during operation (1 case) and such complications noted by immediate CT or X-rays examination after operation as paravertebral epidural cement leakage (2 cases), transverse foramen cement leakage (1 case) and pinhole reflux (3 cases). The pain of patients was improved to various degree postoperatively, the visual analogue scales score was (5.9 +/- 1.2) points before operation, which was changed to (2.6 +/- 1.2) points at 1 hour after PVP and (1.6 +/- 1.3) points at 1 week after PVP, indicating there was a significant difference between pre- and postoperation (P < 0.05). During the regular follow-up at 1 week, 3 and 12 months after PVP, all patients had no dislocation of cervical vertebra body, spinal cord compression and paralysis. Five patients died from multiple organ failure due to primary tumor progression, including 3 cases at 6 months after PVP and 2 at 12 months after PVP, and the rest 5 patients' cervical pain were under control, with sound functional recovery. PVP can relieve pain quickly and reinforce the stability of the vertebral body, and has slight complications; the lateral approach is safe and effective.Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 02/2009; 23(2):194-7.