[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) transcribed from intergenic regions of yeast and animal genomes play important roles in key biological processes. Yet, plant lincRNAs remain poorly characterized and how lincRNA biogenesis is regulated is unclear. Using a reproducibility-based bioinformatics strategy to analyze 200 Arabidopsis thaliana transcriptome data sets, we identified 13,230 intergenic transcripts of which 6480 can be classified as lincRNAs. Expression of 2708 lincRNAs was detected by RNA sequencing experiments. Transcriptome profiling by custom microarrays revealed that the majority of these lincRNAs are expressed at a level between those of mRNAs and precursors of miRNAs. A subset of lincRNA genes shows organ-specific expression, whereas others are responsive to biotic and/or abiotic stresses. Further analysis of transcriptome data in 11 mutants uncovered SERRATE, CAP BINDING PROTEIN20 (CBP20), and CBP80 as regulators of lincRNA expression and biogenesis. RT-PCR experiments confirmed these three proteins are also needed for splicing of a small group of intron-containing lincRNAs.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic mRNA decapping proteins are essential for normal turnover of mRNA. Yet, the mechanism of bulk mRNA turnover during stress responses and its importance to stress tolerance are poorly understood. Here, we showed that dehydration stress activated MPK6 to phosphorylate serine 237 of Arabidopsis DCP1 and phospho-DCP1 preferentially associated with DCP5 to promote mRNA decapping in vivo. This process was essential for stress adaption as dcp5-1 and DCP1-S237A plants were hypersensitive to stress compared with wild-type (WT) plants. Microarray analysis revealed that dehydration-induced expression of many stress responsive genes was compromised in dcp5-1, whereas a subset of transcripts was over-represented in this mutant. Further analysis revealed that this subset of transcripts was likely the direct targets of stress-triggered mRNA decapping in WT. Our results suggest that mRNA decapping through MPK6-DCP1-DCP5 pathway serves as a rapid response to dehydration stress in Arabidopsis.
The EMBO Journal 03/2012; 31(8):1975-84. · 9.82 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Processing bodies (P-bodies) contain RNA-protein complexes linked to cytoplasmic RNA decay pathways including mRNA decapping, nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) and small RNA-mediated decay. Plants deficient in P-body components display severe developmental perturbations, suggesting that these cytoplasmic bodies play important roles in regulating gene expression during plant development. Here, we summarize recent progress in the genetic dissection of P-body components and their roles in translational repression and mRNA decapping.
Current opinion in plant biology 11/2010; 14(1):88-93. · 10.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic processing bodies (P-bodies) are implicated in mRNA storage and mRNA decapping. We previously found that a decapping complex comprising Decapping 1 (DCP1), DCP2, and Varicose in Arabidopsis thaliana is essential for postembryonic development, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we characterized Arabidopsis DCP5, a homolog of human RNA-associated protein 55, as an additional P-body constituent. DCP5 associates with DCP1 and DCP2 and is required for mRNA decapping in vivo. In spite of its association with DCP2, DCP5 has no effect on DCP2 decapping activity in vitro, suggesting that the effect on decapping in vivo is indirect. In knockdown mutant dcp5-1, not only is mRNA decapping compromised, but the size of P-bodies is also significantly decreased. These results indicate that DCP5 is required for P-body formation, which likely facilitates efficient decapping. During wild-type seed germination, mRNAs encoding seed storage proteins (SSPs) are translationally repressed and degraded. By contrast, in dcp5-1, SSP mRNAs are translated, leading to accumulation of their products in germinated seedlings. In vitro experiments using wheat germ extracts confirmed that DCP5 is a translational repressor. Our results showed that DCP5 is required for translational repression and P-body formation and plays an indirect role in mRNA decapping.
The Plant Cell 10/2009; 21(10):3270-9. · 9.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 21 nt RNAs that regulate many biological processes in plants by mediating translational inhibition or cleavage of target transcripts. Arabidopsis mutants defective in miRNA biogenesis have overlapping and highly pleiotropic phenotypes including serrated leaves and ABA hypersensitivity. Recent evidence indicates that miRNA genes are transcribed by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). Since Pol II transcripts are capped, we hypothesized that CBP (cap-binding protein) 20 and 80 may bind to capped primary miRNA (pri-miRNA) transcripts and play a role in their processing. Here, we show that cbp20 and cbp80 mutants have reduced miRNA levels and increased pri-miRNA levels. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that pri-miRNAs 159, 166, 168 and 172 could be associated with CBP20 and CBP80. We found that CBP20 and CBP80 are stabilized by ABA by a post-translational mechanism, and these proteins are needed for ABA induction of miR159 during seed germination. The lack of miR159 accumulation in ABA-treated seeds of cbp20/80 mutants leads to increased MYB33 and MYB101 transcript levels, and presumably higher levels of these positive regulators result in ABA hypersensitivity. Genetic and molecular analyses show that CBP20 and 80 have overlapping function in the same developmental pathway as SE and HYL1. Our results identify new components in miRNA biogenesis.
Plant and Cell Physiology 10/2008; 49(11):1634-44. · 4.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: mRNA turnover in eukaryotes involves the removal of m7GDP from the 5' end. This decapping reaction is mediated by a protein complex well characterized in yeast and human but not in plants. The function of the decapping complex in the development of multicellular organisms is also poorly understood. Here, we show that Arabidopsis thaliana DCP2 can generate from capped mRNAs, m7GDP, and 5'-phosphorylated mRNAs in vitro and that this decapping activity requires an active Nudix domain. DCP2 interacts in vitro and in vivo with DCP1 and VARICOSE (VCS), an Arabidopsis homolog of human Hedls/Ge-1. Moreover, the interacting proteins stimulate DCP2 activity, suggesting that the three proteins operate as a decapping complex. Consistent with their role in mRNA decay, DCP1, DCP2, and VCS colocalize in cytoplasmic foci, which are putative Arabidopsis processing bodies. Compared with the wild type, null mutants of DCP1, DCP2, and VCS accumulate capped mRNAs with a reduced degradation rate. These mutants also share a similar lethal phenotype at the seedling cotyledon stage, with disorganized veins, swollen root hairs, and altered epidermal cell morphology. We conclude that mRNA turnover mediated by the decapping complex is required for postembryonic development in Arabidopsis.
The Plant Cell 01/2007; 18(12):3386-98. · 9.25 Impact Factor