Ju Hyun Lee

Daejeon University, Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea

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Publications (11)26.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recently, two L-ascorbic acid transporters were identified; sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter (SVCT) 1 and SVCT2. The previous study suggested that SVCT protein might be present on the apical membrane in the straight segment (S3) of proximal tubule. In the present study, SVCT1 immunoreactivity (IR) was observed in the brush border of proximal straight tubules in the medullary ray of renal cortex and the outer stripe of outer medulla, while SVCT2 IR was not localized in any region of the kidney. Since the mechanism of VC reabsorption in the kidney has not been fully elucidated up to the present time, it is meaningful to demonstrate the exact cellular distribution of SVCT protein in the kidney.
    Histochemie 11/2006; 126(4):491-4. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics of glutathione S-transferase (GST)-activating compounds from medicinal plants. Among 265 kinds of medicinal plants, Phellodendron amurense showed the highest GST activity at 174.8%. The GST-activating compound of P. amurense was maximally extracted when treated with distilled water at 30 degrees C for 12 h. The compound was purified by ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-10 gel filtration chromatography, and reverse-phase HPLC. The purified GST-activating compound from P. amurense was a novel tetrapeptide with an amino acid sequence of Ala-Pro-Trp-Cys and its molecular weight was estimated to be 476 Da. It also displayed a clear detoxicative effect in 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene treated mice at a dosage of mg/kg body weight.
    Peptides 10/2006; 27(9):2069-74. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has previously been shown that EtOAc extracts of Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) inhibit the platelet aggregation response. In this report, bioassay-guided fractionation using ADP-, arachidonic acid-, and collagen-induced human platelet aggregation by a whole blood aggregometer yielded the bioactive compounds isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from different highly effective fractions. In addition, column chromatography of fractions from RVS yielded another five compounds: butin, fisetin, sulfuretin, butein and 3,4',7,8-tetrahydroxyflavone. We investigated the effects of bioactive compounds from RVS fractions on several markers of platelet activation using receptor expression on platelet membranes, including glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (CD41), GPIIb/IIIa-like expression (PAC-1) and P-selectin (CD62), and intracelluar calcium mobilization responses by flow cytometry in healthy subjects. Dose-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation and significantly decreased platelet activation were observed for the isomaltol- and pentagalloyl glucose-treated platelets, respectively. These results show that isomaltol and pentagalloyl glucose from the bark of Rhus verniciflua Stokes have potent anti-platelet activity and emphasize the need to further examine the mechanism of these active compounds for platelet modulation.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 07/2006; 106(1):62-9. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sodium-dependent vitamin C transporters (SVCTs) is known to transport the reduced form of ascorbic acid into the cell, whereas the oxidized form of vitamin C (VC) is moved through a facilitative sugar transporter, such as glucose transporter (GLUT). With regard to the distribution of SVCT1 and -2 within the various organs, they were reported to be expressed in different types of cells. Especially in the central nervous system, only SVCT2 mRNA was expressed mainly in neurons and some types of neuroglial cells. However, data on the expression of SVCT proteins in the brain are scant. Therefore, we tried to develop comprehensive data on the distribution of SVCT proteins in adult rat brain by using immunohistochemical techniques for the first time. In our study, SVCT2 immunoreactivities (IRs) were intensely localized in the neurons of cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and Purkinje cells of cerebellum, and much weaker SVCT2 IRs were found in the other brain regions. Judging from double-immunohistochemical data, most of the cells expressing SVCT2 IRs were likely to be neurons or microglia, even though the cells in choroids plexus or ependymal cells around the ventricles also exhibited SVCT2 IRs. Complete mapping of the distribution of SVCT2 IRs was available by using a semiquantitative method. The subcellular localization of SVCT proteins is necessary for understanding the exact role of the protein, so the current overall mapping of SVCT IRs in the rat brain could be the basis for further studies on related subjects.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 05/2006; 83(5):919-28. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: In this pictorial essay, we show the usefulness of MDCT angiography for visualization of the bronchial and nonbronchial systemic feeder vessels responsible for hemoptysis. CONCLUSION: By providing thin-section transaxial, multiplanar reconstruction, and 3D images, CT angiography using MDCT allows comparable or better images than conventional angiography with respect to the depiction of bronchial or nonbronchial systemic arteries. CT angiography is particularly useful for visualizing the ectopic origin of bronchial arteries and nonbronchial systemic collateral arteries.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 04/2006; 186(3):649-55. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Thoracic actinomycosis is a chronic suppurative pulmonary or endobronchial infection caused by Actinomyces israelii, a gram-positive anaerobic organism. We present the CT features of thoracic actinomycosis with histopathologic correlation. CONCLUSION: The typical CT feature of parenchymal actinomycosis is a chronic segmental air-space consolidation containing necrotic low-attenuation areas with frequent cavity formation. A broncholith can be secondarily infected with Actinomyces organisms, resulting in endobronchial actinomycosis. It usually manifests as a proximal endobronchial calcification associated with distal obstructive pneumonia.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 02/2006; 186(1):225-31. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid, VC) is known to be essential for many enzymatic reactions, the study on the transport mechanism of VC through cytoplasmic membrane is crucial to understanding physiological role of VC in cells and the respiratory system. In this regard, the study on the newly identified sodium-dependent VC transporters (SVCTs), SVCT1 and SVCT2, is required in organs that contain high concentration of VC. We have shown the distribution of SVCT proteins in the respiratory system, which has been reported to be one of the organs with a high concentration of VC, using immunohistochemical techniques. In the present study, intense SVCT immunoreactivities (IRs) were mainly localized in the respiratory system epithelial cells. In the trachea, both SVCT1 and 2 were localized in the psuedostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. In the terminal bronchiole, SVCT1 and 2 IRs were mainly observed in the apical portion of the simple columnar epithelium. In addition, SVCT IRs was localized within the cell membrane of some alveolar cells, even though we could not identify the exact cell types. These results provide the first evidence that intense SVCT1 and 2 IRs were found in the apical portion of the respiratory epithelial cells, suggesting that SVCT proteins in the apical portion could transport the reduced form of VC included in the airway surface liquid into the respiratory epithelial cells.
    Microscopy Research and Technique 01/2006; 68(6):360-7. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the CT findings of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary diseases caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) and Mycobacterium abscessus. Two chest radiologists analyzed retrospectively the thin-section CT findings of 51 patients with MAC and 36 with M. abscessus infection in terms of patterns and forms of lung lesions. No significant difference was found between MAC and M. abscessus infection in the presence of small nodules, tree-in-bud pattern, and bronchiectasis. However, lobar volume decrease (p=0.001), nodule (p=0.018), airspace consolidation (p=0.047) and thin-walled cavity (p=0.009) were more frequently observed in MAC infection. The upper lobe cavitary form was more frequent in the MAC (19 of 51 patients, 37%) group than M. abscessus (5 of 36, 14%) (p=0.029), whereas the nodular bronchiectatic form was more frequent in the M. abscessus group ([29 of 36, 81%] vs. [27 of 51, 53%] in MAC) (p=0.012). In conclusion, there is considerable overlap in common CT findings of MAC and M. abscessus pulmonary infection; however, lobar volume loss, nodule, airspace consolidation, and thin-walled cavity are more frequently seen in MAC than M. abscessus infection.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 11/2005; 20(5):777-83. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the CT findings for endobronchial actinomycosis associated with broncholithiasis. CONCLUSION: Endobronchial actinomycosis associated with broncholithiasis manifests as a proximal obstructive calcified endobronchial nodule associated with distal post-obstructive pneumonia of the involved lobe or segment on CT. The possibility of endobronchial actinomycosis should be entertained when broncholithiasis is seen on CT in tuberculosis-endemic areas.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 09/2005; 185(2):347-53. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of our study were to evaluate the thin-section CT findings of the cavitary form of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary infection and correlate these imaging findings with the histopathologic findings concerning the development of bronchiectasis and of centrilobular nodules and cavitary lesions. We retrospectively reviewed thin-section CT scans (2.5-mm collimation, both axial and coronal reformation images) of 24 cases (male-female ratio, 13:11; mean age, 61 years; age range, 43-82 years) of the cavitary form of culture-proven Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex pulmonary infection including two cases with lobectomy specimens. Any changes in CT findings detected on the follow-up CT scans that were available for seven patients (follow-up interval, 6-24 months; mean, 12 months) were also assessed. Thin-section CT findings were bronchiectasis (24/24 patients, 100%), a patent bronchus running into a cavitary lesion (the "feeding bronchus" appearance) (18/24, 75%), nodules less than 10 mm (17/24, 71%), centrilobular nodules (17/24, 71%), nodules of 10-30 mm (13/24, 54%), peribronchial nodules (8/24, 33%), lobular consolidation (6/24, 25%), bronchial wall thickening (4/24, 17%), and consolidation (2/24, 8%). Two lobectomy specimens showed large cavitary consolidations with the feeding bronchus appearance on pathologic specimens. In two patients, small peribronchial nodules had changed into cavitary nodules with the feeding bronchus appearance on follow-up CT, which represented inflamed focal cystic bronchiectasis. In the cavitary form of M. avium-intracellulare complex pulmonary infection, the feeding bronchus appearance is another very frequent thin-section CT finding. This appearance may suggest that peribronchial nodules of M. avium-intracellulare complex infection evolve into inflamed focal cystic bronchiectasis manifesting as cavitary lesions.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 05/2005; 184(4):1247-52. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We wished to evaluate the effect of the Pringle maneuver (occlusion of both the hepatic artery and portal vein) on the pathologic changes in the hepatic vessels, bile ducts and liver parenchyma surrounding the ablation zone in rabbit livers. Radiofrequency (RF) ablation zones were created in the livers of 24 rabbits in vivo by using a 50-W, 480-kHz monopolar RF generator and a 15-gauge expandable electrode with four sharp prongs for 7 mins. The tips of the electrodes were placed in the liver parenchyma near the porta hepatis with the distal 1 cm of their prongs deployed. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in the groups with (n=12 rabbits) and without (n=12 rabbits) the Pringle maneuver. Three animals of each group were sacrificed immediately, three days (the acute phase), seven days (the early subacute phase) and two weeks (the late subacute phase) after RF ablation. The ablation zones were excised and serial pathologic changes in the hepatic vessels, bile ducts and liver parenchyma surrounding the ablation zone were evaluated. With the Pringle maneuver, portal vein thrombosis was found in three cases (in the immediate [n=2] and acute phase [n=1]), bile duct dilatation adjacent to the ablation zone was found in one case (in the late subacute phase [n=1]), infarction adjacent to the ablation zone was found in three cases (in the early subacute [n=2] and late subacute [n=1] phases). None of the above changes was found in the livers ablated without the Pringle maneuver. On the microscopic findings, centrilobular congestion, sinusoidal congestion, sinusoidal platelet and neutrophilic adhesion, and hepatocyte vacuolar and ballooning changes in liver ablated with Pringle maneuver showed more significant changes than in those livers ablated without the Pringle maneuver (p < 0.05) Radiofrequency ablation with the Pringle maneuver created more severe pathologic changes in the portal vein, bile ducts and liver parenchyma surrounding the ablation zone compared with RF ablation without the Pringle maneuver. Therefore, we suggest that RF ablation with the Pringle maneuver should be performed with great caution in order to avoid unwanted thermal injury.
    Korean Journal of Radiology 01/2004; 5(4):240-9. · 1.56 Impact Factor