Jie Lu

Tongji University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (26)69.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that microRNAs, a class of small and noncoding RNA molecules, play crucial roles in the initiation and progression of pancreatic cancer. In the present study, the expression and roles of miR-191 were investigated. Through both gain-of function and loss-of function experiments, a pro-oncogenic function of miR-191 was demonstrated. At the molecular level, bioinformatic prediction, luciferase, and protein expression analysis suggested that miR-191 could inhibit protein levels of UPS10, which suppressed the proliferation and growth of cancer cells through stabilizing P53 protein. Collectively, these data suggest that miR-191 could promote pancreatic cancer progression through targeting USP10, implicating a novel mechanism for the tumorigenesis.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have reported the relationship between the STAT4 rs7574865G > T polymorphism as a susceptibility factor to ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the results have been controversial. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to obtain the most reliable estimate of the association.
    Archives of medical science : AMS. 06/2014; 10(3):419-24.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficiency and safety of combination therapy of ursodeoxycholic acid and bezafibrate for primary biliary cirrhosis.
    Hepatology Research 06/2014; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the metastatic effects and mechanisms of miR-197 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The levels of miR-197 increased in HCC cells and tissues compared with a normal hepatic cell line (LO2) and adjacent nontumorous liver tissues, respectively. miR-197 expression negatively correlated with CD82 mRNA expression in these cell lines and tissues. Dual Luciferase Reporter Assay and western blot confirmed a direct interaction between miR-197 and CD82 3' UTR sequences. After miR-197 was silenced in HCC cells, CD82 expression increased. In the presence of human hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), cells silenced for anti-miR-197 exhibited elongated cellular tails and diminished lamellipodia due to reductions in both ROCK activity and the levels of Rac 1 protein. Downregulation of miR-197 along with the upregulation of CD82 in HCC cells resulted in the inhibition of HCC migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, these data suggest that anti-miR-197 suppresses HCC migration and invasion by targeting CD82. The regulation of the miR-197/CD82 axis could be a novel therapeutic target in future HCC effective therapy.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2014; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver fibrosis is a common pathway leading to cirrhosis and a worldwide clinical issue. Astaxanthin is a red carotenoid pigment with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin on liver fibrosis and its potential protective mechanisms. Liver fibrosis was induced in a mouse model using CCL4 (intraperitoneal injection, three times a week for 8 weeks), and astaxanthin was administered everyday at three doses (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg). Pathological results indicated that astaxanthin significantly improved the pathological lesions of liver fibrosis. The levels of alanine aminotransferase aspartate aminotransferase and hydroxyproline were also significantly decreased by astaxanthin. The same results were confirmed in bile duct liagtion, (BDL) model. In addition, astaxanthin inhibited hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation and formation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by decreasing the expression of NF-κB and TGF-β1 and maintaining the balance between MMP2 and TIMP1. In addition, astaxanthin reduced energy production in HSCs by downregulating the level of autophagy. These results were simultaneously confirmed in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our study showed that 80 mg/kg astaxanthin had a significant protective effect on liver fibrosis by suppressing multiple profibrogenic factors.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:954502. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethyl pyruvate (EP), a potent reactive oxygen species scavenger, has been reported to contribute to the inflammatory process. However, the protective effect of ethyl pyruvate on Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced autoimmune hepatitis have not been explored. Thus, the aims of this study are to investigate both the effects of ethyl pyruvate and its mechanism of protection on Con A-induced autoimmune hepatitis in mice. Acute autoimmune hepatitis was induced by Con A (20 mg/kg) in Balb/C mice; ethyl pyruvate (40 mg/kg and 80 mg/kg) was administrated 1h prior to the Con A injection. At 3h, 6h and 24h post Con A injection, histological grading, proinflammatory cytokine levels and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity were determined. Following Con A challenge, cytokines TNF-α, IL-2, IL-1β and IL-6 were expressed at 3h and 6h, and the level of HMGB1 significantly increased by 24h. Pretreatment with ethyl pyruvate ameliorated the pathological effects of Con A-induced autoimmune hepatitis and significantly decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-1β at 3h and 6h and the level of HMGB1 at 6h and 24h post injection. Ethyl pyruvate blocked the degradation of IκB α and IκB β and decreased the expression of NF-κB at 24h. Taken together, these results indicated that ethyl pyruvate protected against Con A-induced autoimmune hepatitis by decreasing both early (TNF-α, IL-2, IL-1β and IL-6) and late (HMGB1) cytokine expression in mice. The reduction of HMGB1 may correlate with the amelioration of NF-κB activity.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e87977. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) reduces inflammation and has been identified as an anti-inflammatory prostaglandin in numerous animal models. In this study, we investigated both effects of 15d-PGJ2 and its protection mechanism in concanavalin A- (ConA-) induced autoimmune hepatitis in mice. Materials and Methods. In vivo, Balb/C mice were injected with ConA (25 mg/kg) to induce acute autoimmune hepatitis, and 15d-PGJ2 (10 μg or 25 μg) was administered 1 h before the ConA injection. The histological grade, proinflammatory cytokine levels, and NF-κB and PPARγ activity were determined 6, 12, and 24 h after the ConA injection. In vitro, LO2 cells and RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with 15d-PGJ2 (2 μM) 1 h before the stimulation with ConA (30 μg/mL). The NF-κB and PPARγ activity were determined 30 min after the ConA administration. Results. Pretreatment with 15d-PGJ2 reduced the pathological effects of ConA-induced autoimmune hepatitis and significantly reduced the levels of cytokines after injection. 15d-PGJ2 activated PPARγ, blocked the degradation of IκBα, and inhibited the translocation of NF-κB into the nucleus. Conclusion. These results indicate that 15d-PGJ2 protects against ConA-induced autoimmune hepatitis by reducing proinflammatory cytokines. This reduction in inflammation may correlate with the activation of PPARγ and the reduction in NF-κB activity.
    PPAR Research 01/2014; 2014:215631. · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is known to exert anti-inflammatory properties. Apoptosis and autophagy play important roles in concanavalin A (Con A)-induced acute hepatitis. The purpose of this study was to explore both the effect and mechanism of H2S on Con A-induced acute hepatitis.
    Drug Design, Development and Therapy 01/2014; 8:1277-86. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) remains a pivotal clinical problem after hemorrhagic shock, transplantation, and some types of toxic hepatic injury. Apoptosis and autophagy play important roles in cell death during HIRI. It is also known that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has significant pharmacologic effects on HIRI including elimination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and attenuation of hepatic apoptosis. However, the effects of NAC on HIRI-induced autophagy have not been reported. In this study, we evaluated the effects of NAC on autophagy and apoptosis in HIRI, and explored the possible mechanism involved.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(9):e108855. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the few cancers in which a continuous increase in incidence has been observed over several years. Drug resistance is a major problem in the treatment of HCC. In the present study, we used salinomycin (Sal) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combination therapy on HCC cell lines Huh7, LM3 and SMMC-7721 and nude mice subcutaneously tumor model to study whether Sal could increase the sensitivity of hepatoma cells to the traditional chemotherapeutic agent such as 5-FU. The combination of Sal and 5-FU resulted in a synergistic antitumor effect against liver tumors both in vitro and in vivo. Sal reversed the 5-FU-induced increase in CD133(+) EPCAM(+) cells, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. The combination of Sal and 5-FU may provide us with a new approach to reverse drug resistant for the treatment of patients with HCC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(5):e97414. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is an important clinical problem, and its consequences can seriously threaten human health. Apoptosis and autophagy have been shown to contribute to cell death in hepatic I/R injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the third most common endogenously produced gaseous signaling molecule and is known to exert a protective effect against hepatic I/R injury. In this study, the purpose is to explore both the effect and mechanism of H2S on hepatic I/R injury. Methods. Balb/c mice were randomized into Sham, I/R, or two doses (14 μ mol/kg and 28 μ mol/kg) of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, an H2S donor) preconditioning groups. Results. NaHS significantly reduced the levels of TNF- α and IL-6 at 12 h and 24 h after injection compared with ischemia/reperfusion challenge alone. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax, Beclin-1, and LC3, which play important roles in the regulation of the apoptosis and autophagy pathways, was also clearly affected by NaHS. Furthermore, NaHS affected the p-JNK1, p-ERK1, and p-p38. Conclusion. Our results indicate that H2S attenuates hepatic I/R injury, at least in part, by regulating apoptosis through inhibiting JNK1 signaling. The autophagy agonist rapamycin potentiated this hepatoprotective effect by reversing the inhibition of autophagy by H2S.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:935251. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. There have been many reports on des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) as a promising serum marker in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the results are inconsistent and even conflicting. Methods. This meta-analysis was performed to investigate the performance of DCP in the diagnosis of HCC. Following a systematic review of relevant studies, Meta-DiSc 1.4 software was used to extract data and to calculate the overall sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). Data are presented as forest plots and summary receiver operating characteristic curve (SROC) analysis was used to summarize the overall test performance. Results. Twelve studies were included in our meta-analysis. The overall sensitivity, specificity, PLR, and NLR of DCP for the detection of HCC in the studies included were 71% (95%CI: 68%-73%), 84% (95%CI: 83%-86%), 6.48 (95%CI: 4.22-9.93), and 0.33 (95%CI: 0.25-0.43), respectively. The area under the SROC curve was 0.8930 and the Q index was 0.8238. Significant heterogeneity was found. Conclusion. This meta-analysis indicated that DCP had moderate diagnostic accuracy in HCC. Further studies with rigorous design, large sample size, and mmultiregional cooperation are needed in the future.
    Gastroenterology research and practice. 01/2014; 2014:529314.
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    ABSTRACT: Background. More clinically meaningful diagnostic tests are needed in pancreatic cancer (PC). K-ras mutations are the most frequently acquired genetic alteration. Methods. Original research articles involving the diagnostic accuracy of K-ras mutation detection in PC were selected. Data were presented as forest plots and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve analysis was used to summarize the overall test performance. Results. We assessed 19 studies from 16 published articles. The reports were divided into three groups according to the process used to obtain the test material. The summary estimates for detecting K-ras status using an invasive method (fine needle aspiration (FNA), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), or surgery) were better than cytology: the pooled sensitivity was 77% (95% confidence interval (CI): 74-80%) versus 54% (95% CI: 47-61%); specificity was 88% (95% CI: 85-91%) versus 91% (95% CI: 83-96%); and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was 20.26 (11.40-36.03) versus 7.52 (95% CI: 2.80-20.18), respectively. When two procedures were combined, the diagnostic accuracy was markedly improved. Conclusions. The analysis of K-ras mutations in pancreatic tissue has a promising diagnostic significance in PC. Further valuable studies are needed.
    Disease markers 01/2014; 2014:573783. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ethyl pyruvate (EP) was recently identified as a stable lipophilic derivative of pyruvic acid with significant antineoplastic activities. The high mobility group box-B1 (HMGB1)-receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) and the protein kinase B (Akt) pathways play a crucial role in tumorigenesis and development of many malignant tumors.We tried to observe the effects of Ethyl pyruvate on liver cancer growth and explored its effects in hepatocellular carcinoma model. In this study, three hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines were treated with Ethyl pyruvate. An MTT colorimetric assay was used to assess the effects of EP on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry and TUNEL assays were used to analyze apoptosis. Real-time PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence demonstrated Ethyl pyruvate reduced the HMGB1-RAGE and AKT pathways. The results of hepatoma orthotopic tumor model verified the antitumor effects of Ethyl pyruvate in vivo. EP could induce apoptosis and slow the growth of liver cancer. Moreover, EP decreased the expression of HMGB1, RAGE, p-AKT and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP9) and increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. In conclu sion, this study demonstrates that Ethyl pyruvate induces apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest in G phase in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells, plays a critical role in the treatment of cancer.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects and mechanism of genistein on hepatocellular carcinoma. Cell counting kit-8 assays showed that genistein at 3, 6, and 9 µM had no significant cytotoxic effects on HepG2, SMMC-7721, and Bel-7402 cells. Cell scratch and Transwell assays identified that genistein inhibited migration of three cell lines. In three cell lines, genistein enhanced E-cadherin and α-catenin, but reduced N-cadherin and Vimentin at both mRNA and protein levels in a dose-dependent manner. Simultaneously, treatment with genistein suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by TGF-β. In HepG2 cells, genistein reduced mRNA, and protein expressions of nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFAT1 ), Abca3, Autotaxin, CD154, and Cox-2. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and ionomycin enhanced activity of NFAT1 , reduced E-cadherin and α-catenin protein levels, and increased protein levels of N-cadherin and Vimentin. Transwell demonstrated that PMA and ionomycin reversed the migration inhibitory effects of genistein on HepG2 cells. In vivo, genistein inhibited the intrahepatic metastasis by reversing the EMT, which was correlated with reduced NFAT1 . Genistein inhibited hepatocellular carcinoma cell migration by reversing the EMT, which was partly mediated by NFAT1 . The fact that EMT can be reversed by genistein may shed light on the possible mechanisms for its role in liver cancer therapy. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 11/2013; · 4.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Many studies have found that the antibiotic rifaximin is effective for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy. However, there is no uniform view on the efficacy and safety of rifaximin. Methods. We performed a meta-analysis through electronic searches to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rifaximin in comparison with nonabsorbable disaccharides. Results. A total of 8 randomized controlled trials including 407 patients were included. The efficacy of rifaximin was equivalent to nonabsorbable disaccharides according to the statistical data (risk ratio (RR): 1.06, 95% CI: 0.94-1.19; P = 0.34). Analysis showed that patients treated with rifaximin had better results in serum ammonia levels (weighted mean difference (WMD): -10.63, 95% CI: -30.63-9.38; P = 0.30), mental status (WMD: -0.32, 95% CI: -0.67-0.03; P = 0.07), asterixis (WMD: -0.12, 95% CI: -0.31-0.08; P = 0.23), electroencephalogram response (WMD: -0.21, 95% CI: -0.34--0.09; P = 0.0007), and grades of portosystemic encephalopathy (WMD: -2.30, 95% CI: -2.78--1.82; P < 0.00001), but only the last ones had statistical significance. The safety of rifaximin was better than nonabsorbable disaccharides (RR: 0.19, 95% CI: 0.10-0.34; P < 0.00001). Conclusion. Rifaximin is at least as effective as nonabsorbable disaccharides, maybe better for the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy. And the safety of rifaximin is better.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2013; 2013:236963. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Several studies have reported the role of the miR-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism as a susceptibility factor for several digestive cancers. However, the results have been controversial. Therefore, we conducted the present meta-analysis to obtain the most reliable estimate of the association. Methods: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and pooled to assess the strength of the association between miR-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism and digestive cancer risk. A total of four eligible studies including 3,447 cases and 5,041 controls based on the search criteria were included. Results: We observed that miR-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism was not significantly correlated with digestive cancer risks when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis. While we found that miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism was not associated with gastric cancer, it was significantly linked with hepatocellular cancer risk (the homozygote codominant model: OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.04-1.87). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, significant associations were observed in Chinese population for the allele contrast model (OR = 1.25; 95% CI = 1.12-1.38), for the homozygote codominant model (OR = 1.62; 95% CI = 1.28-2.04), and for the recessive model (OR = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.16-1.64). However, studies with Asian groups presented no significant association for all genetic models. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the miR-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism is a low-penetrant risk factor for digestive cancers in Chinese.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2013; 14(1):399-403. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) inhibits receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) kinase and programmed necrosis. This study was designed to examine the protective effects and mechanisms of Nec-1 in concanavalin A- (ConA-) induced hepatitis in mice. Methods. C57BL/6 mice were exposed to ConA via tail vein injection and injected intraperitoneally with Nec-1 or vehicle. Levels of serum liver enzymes and histopathology were determined. Levels of inflammatory cytokines with ConA-induced hepatitis were determined with real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). The expression of TNF- α , RIP1, and LC3 was detected with immunohistochemical staining. The expression of TNF- α , IFN- γ , IL2, IL6, caspase 3, RIP1, beclin-1, and LC3 protein was assessed by immunofluorescence and western blotting. Autophagosomes were observed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results. Amelioration in liver functions and histopathological changes and the suppression of inflammatory cytokine production were observed in Nec-1-injected mice. Western blotting analysis showed that the expression of TNF- α , IFN- γ , IL2, IL6, and RIP1 was significantly reduced in the Nec-1-injected mice, which was confirmed by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. Autophagosome formation was significantly reduced by Nec-1 treatment, as the expression of beclin-1 and LC3, determined with immunofluorescence and western blotting. Conclusion. These results demonstrate that Nec-1 prevents ConA-induced liver injury via RIP1-related and autophagy-related pathways.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2013; 2013:706156. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and lethal cancers worldwide and there are few effective treatments. Recently, salinomycin (Sal) was reported to alter proliferation and apoptosis in various tumors. This prompted us to investigate the effect of Sal on pancreatic cancer cells and to explore the possible molecular mechanism in vitro. After treatment with Sal, pancreatic cancer cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry, respectively. Invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells were assayed by a Transwell migration assay. Flow cytometry was also used to assessed the fraction of CD133(+) cell subpopulations. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Bcl-2, E-cadherin, and Wnt/β-catenin signaling-related proteins were detected by RT-PCR and western blot. Sal inhibited the growth and migration of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We found that the proportion of CD133(+) cell subpopulations decreased after treatment with Sal in pancreatic cancer cell lines at the same time. The percentage of apoptotic cells was increased after Sal treatment. Compared with control groups, Bax and E-cadherin were significantly upregulated, and Bcl-2 and PCNA were significantly downregulated in Sal-treated cells. The expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling-related proteins (β-catenin and p-GSK-3β) was inhibited. These results indicate that Sal could influence the cell growth and migration in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro, which may occur by inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    Pancreatology 01/2013; 13(1):72-8. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A meta-analysis was performed of RCTs comparing therapies that combine UDCA and corticosteroids with UDCA monotherapy. In this paper, we found that the combination therapy of UDCA and corticosteroids was more effective for PBC-AIH.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2013; 2013:490731. · 1.62 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

75 Citations
69.63 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2014
    • Tongji University
      • Medical School
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011–2014
    • Tongji Medical University
      • Department of Gastroenterology
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China