Jun Chen

Ruijin Hospital North, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (13)16.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination is very poor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival benefit from gastrectomy with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. From 1992 to 2002, 128 gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination underwent surgery at the Department of Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai, China. The clinicopathological characteristics and survival were compared between the resection and the non-resection groups, and between the resection alone and the resection with HIPEC groups. The 5-year survival rates were 5.5% for patients in the resection group and 0% for patients in the non-resection group (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed surgical resection was significantly associated with better prognosis in gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. In the patients who underwent resection, the survival difference between the resection alone and the resection with HIPEC groups was significant (P = 0.025), and HIPEC was an independent prognostic factor by multivariate analysis. The HIPEC procedure was an independent prognostic factor after resection for patients with peritoneal dissemination. Therefore, gastrectomy with HIPEC may be an option for those patients. The survival benefit of this strategy should be validated by large cohort prospective clinical trials.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 10/2010; 102(5):361-5. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the value of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in preoperatively predicting peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer and to evaluate the indication for laparoscopic staging of gastric cancer on the basis of MDCT features. Six hundred and forty gastric cancer patients underwent preoperative MDCT examination, and the results of MDCT were compared with surgical and pathological findings. In addition, the relationship between MDCT features (depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis status, tumor size, and thickness of tumor) and peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer was analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of MDCT in predicting peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer were 51.0% (25/49), 99.3% (587/591), 86.2% (25/29), 96.1% (587/611), and 95.6% (612/640), respectively. Univariable analysis showed that all the four MDCT features (depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis status, tumor size, and tumor thickness) of gastric cancer were significantly correlated with the peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer. None of the patients diagnosed with stage T(0~2)N(x)M(0) or T(x)N(0)M(0) gastric cancer by MDCT were found to have peritoneal metastasis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the accuracy of the tumor size and thickness of gastric cancer in determining peritoneal metastasis was high(area under ROC curve was 0.83 and 0.75, respectively). Multivariable analysis showed that only tumor size was significantly correlated with the peritoneal metastasis from gastric cancer. The clinical value of MDCT in preoperative prediction of peritoneal metastasis from gastric cancer is favorable. Laparoscopy can be avoided in patients with small tumor size or stage T(0~2)N(x)M(0) or T(x)N(0)M(0) gastric cancer diagnosed by MDCT due to lower incidence of peritoneal metastasis.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 03/2010; 13(2):106-10.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy of modified D(2) radical total gastrectomy with spleen-preserving and D(2) radical total gastrectomy with splenectomy in patients with gastric cancer located in the upper third, upper and middle third and entire stomach. One hundred and twelve patients with gastric cancer in the upper third, upper and middle third, or entire stomach underwent radical total gastrectomy between January 1989 and December 1994. Modified D(2) total radical gastrectomy with spleen-preserving (spleen-preservation group) was performed in 61 patients, and 51 underwent D(2) total radical gastrectomy with splenectomy (splenectomy group). The differences in clinicopathological characteristics,5-year survival rate, incidence of postoperative complication and hospital stay between the two groups were analyzed retrospectively. There were no significant differences between the spleen-preservation group and the splenectomy group in gender, age, tumor size, T stage, N stage and TNM stage. The overall 5-year survival rate was 41.0% in the spleen-preservation group and 39.2% in the splenectomy group (P>0.05). The 5-year survival rates of patients with stage I, II, III and IIII were 100%, 66.7%, 27.8% and 17.4% in the spleen-preservation group, respectively, and were 100%, 70.0%, 26.7% and 5.6% in the splenectomy group, respectively (all P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complication was lower in the spleen-preservation group (11.5% vs 27.5%, P<0.05). The mean hospital stay was longer in the splenectomy group (27.3 d vs 20.3 d, P=0.057). The efficacy of modified D(2) radical total gastrectomy with spleen-preserving for patients with gastric cancer in the upper third, upper and middle third or entire stomach is similar to that of D(2) radical total gastrectomy with splenectomy, and the spleen-preserving procedure is associated with decreased postoperative complication and improved survival.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 03/2010; 13(2):111-4.
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundThe prognosis for gastric cancer patients with distant metastasis is very poor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival benefit of non-curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients with synchronous distant metastasis. MethodsFrom 1992 to 2002, 253 gastric cancer patients with synchronous distant metastasis underwent surgery at the Department of Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, China. The clinicopathological characteristics and survival were compared between resection and non-resection groups. ResultsThe 5-year survival rate was 6.5% for patients in resection group and 0% for patients in non-resection group (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that liver metastasis, peritoneal dissemination, and non-resection were significantly associated with poor prognosis in gastric cancer patients with distant metastasis. The survival difference between resection and non-resection groups was only observed in patients with single peritoneal dissemination (P < 0.001), but were not in patients with single liver metastasis (P = 0.428), distant nodes involvement (P = 0.490) and multiple metastatic sites (P = 0.192), respectively. ConclusionsOur results suggests that there were no survival benefit from non-curative gastrectomy for patients with single liver, distant nodes, or multiple sites metastasis. However, only patients with single peritoneal dissemination had survival benefit from non-curative resection. The value of non-curative resection should be evaluated by well-designed clinical trials.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 02/2010; 14(2):282-288. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the value of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in the preoperative T and N staging of gastric carcinoma and to further investigate the clinicopathological factors affecting the diagnostic accuracy. Seven hundred ninety gastric carcinoma patients underwent preoperative MDCT examination. The results of MDCT were compared with surgical and pathological findings. Early gastric carcinoma patients whose primary tumor was detected by MDCT had higher incidence of lymph node metastasis, larger tumor size, and deeper invasion. The overall accuracy of MDCT in determining T stage of gastric carcinoma was 73.80% (T1 45.93%, T2 53.03%, T3 86.49%, and T4 85.79%). The overall accuracy of MDCT in preoperative N staging was 75.22% (N0 76.17%, N1 68.81%, and N2 80.63%). The overall diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MDCT for determining lymph node metastasis was 86.26%, 76.17%, and 82.09%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the diagnostic sensitivity of MDCT in determining lymph node metastasis related with tumor size, N stage, and number of metastatic lymph nodes. The clinical value of MDCT in the preoperative T and N staging of gastric carcinoma is relatively high. MDCT can be the first choice for the preoperative evaluation of patients with gastric carcinoma.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2009; 100(3):205-14. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis for patients with stage IV gastric cancer is still very poor. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical outcome and prognosis, and to determine the prognostic influence of sub-stages of stage IV gastric cancer. From 1992 to 2002, 287 patients histologically diagnosed with stage IV gastric cancer underwent gastrectomy at the Department of Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, China. Regarding TNM categories, we separated them into T1-3N3M0, T4N1-2M0, T4N3M0, and TanyNanyM1 groups. We compared the clinicopathological characteristics as well as the survival in these groups. There were largest proportions of patients who underwent extended lymphadenectomy and curative gastrectomy in T1-3N3M0 group followed by T4N1-2M0, T4N3M0, and TanyNanyM1 groups. The survival rate of patients with sub-stage IVa (T1-3N3M0 and T4N1-2M0) tumors was significant higher than that of patients with sub-stage IVb (T4N3M0 and TanyNanyM1) tumors (P = 0.008). Multivariate analysis showed that sub-stage with the highest risk ratio (1.454), and the surgical curability were independent prognostic factors in patients with stage IV gastric cancer. Sub-stages IVa (T1-3N3M0 and T4N1-2M0) and IVb (T4N3M0 and TanyNanyM1) may predict patients' prognosis more accurately. Curative resection should be performed whenever possible in patients with stage IV gastric cancer.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2009; 99(6):324-8. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the risk factors for early postoperative complications after gastric cancer surgery. The data from a total of 273 patients with gastric cancer were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. We applied physiological and operative severity score for the enumeration of morbidity and mortality (POSSUM) to compare risk-adjusted surgical outcomes among different surgical units. Among the preoperative variables, patient gender, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, surgical unit, and intraoperative blood loss were independent risk factors for a higher rate of postoperative complications. There were significant differences in complication rates among different surgical units (P = 0.001). The observed-to-expected morbidity ratio (O-to-E ratio) ranged from 0.81 to 1.63. Units with low surgical work volume had higher complication rates. Postoperative length of stay was significantly shorter (P = 0.000) and the rate of moderate and severe complications was significantly lower (P = 0.001) in specialized unit. POSSUM is a valid system for risk-adjusted evaluation of surgical outcomes. We conclude that surgical experience and work volume greatly influence the outcome, with overall surgical outcome in specialized centers superior to that in other units. Hence, gastric cancer surgery should be performed in specialized centers. Risk factors identified in this study need further confirmation by a prospective study involving a larger cohort.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 07/2008; 394(1):41-7. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic significance of metastatic lymph nodes ratio in patients with T(2)~T(3) stage gastric cancer. Clinical data of 238 patients with T(2)-T(3) stage gastric cancer undergone radical gastrectomy and D(2) lymphadenectomy, at least 15 lymph nodes was dissected per patient, were analyzed retrospectively. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation coefficient. Survival was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and differences were assessed by the Log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard regression model in forward stepwise regression. Receiver working characteristic curve was used to compare the accuracy of the metastatic lymph nodes ratio in predicting the death of patients 5 years postoperatively and that of metastatic lymph nodes number. The metastatic lymph nodes ratio didn't correlate with the total number of dissected lymph nodes, whereas metastatic lymph nodes number did. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated the metastatic lymph nodes ratio significantly influenced the postoperative survival time and Cox proportional hazard regression model analysis showed the metastatic lymph nodes ratio was an independent poor prognostic factor. There was no significant difference between the area under the receiver working characteristic curve of metastatic lymph nodes ratio and metastatic lymph nodes number in predicting the death of patients 5 years postoperatively. The metastatic lymph nodes ratio in T(2)-T(3) stage gastric cancer patients is not correlated with the total number of dissected lymph nodes if at least 15 lymph nodes are dissected. The metastatic lymph nodes ratio is a major independent poor prognostic factor of the patients of T(2)-T(3) stage gastric cancer. The ability of the metastatic lymph nodes ratio in predicting the death of T(2)-T(3) stage gastric cancer patients 5 years postoperatively is the same as that of metastatic lymph nodes number.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 10/2007; 10(5):431-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to investigate the clinical effects and safety of intraoperative peritoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients. A total of 118 AGC patients with serosal invasion were enrolled in this study from 1998 to 2001, 52 underwent IPHC after gastrectomy and 66 were treated with gastrectomy only. Among these cases, 96 patients without macroscopic peritoneal metastases were selected for the prophylactic study, 22 with peritoneal metastases were selected for the therapeutic study. Postoperative survival, recurrence pattern and incidences of postoperative complications between patients with and without IPHC were analyzed and compared. For the prophylactic study, the IPHC procedure improves postoperative survival rate and decrease the incidence of peritoneal recurrence, and is an independent prognostic factor for these patients. For the therapeutic study, postoperative survival times were longer if IPHC was undertaken. No surgery-related death occurred. The incidence of renal dysfunction was higher in the IPHC group, but all patients recovered without hemodialysis. IPHC is a safe procedure that improves the survival prognosis for AGC patients with serosal invasion. It is especially beneficial for patients without peritoneal metastasis due to the reduction of postoperative peritoneal recurrence.
    Digestive Surgery 02/2006; 23(1-2):93-102. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical effect of intraoperative peritoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). A total of 118 AGC patients with serosal invasion were enrolled in this study from 1998 to 2001. Among these cases, 96 patients without macroscopic peritoneal metastases were selected for prophylactic study, including 42 cases with IPHC and 54 cases without IPHC as control. Other 22 patients with macroscopic peritoneal metastases were selected for therapeutic study, including 10 cases with IPHC and 12 without IPHC. Postoperative survival rate and peritoneal recurrence were compared. For prophylactic study, the 1, 2 and 4 years survival rates were 85.7%, 81.0% and 63.9% respectively in the patients with IPHC,significantly higher than 77.3%, 61.0% and 50.8% in the patients without IPHC. Cox ratio hazard model revealed that IPHC procedure was an independent prognostic factor. More patients in the control group suffered from peritoneal recurrence than those in IPHC group (34.7% vs 10.3%). For therapeutic study,the median survival period of the patients with IPHC was 10 months, higher than 5 months in the patients without IPHC. The overall 1, 2, 4 year survival rates were 76.9%, 69.2%, 55.2% respectively in all cases with IPHC, higher than 66.2%, 49.7%, 41.4% in the cases without IPHC. IPHC procedure can improve the prognosis of AGC patients with serosal invasion, reduce the risk for peritoneal recurrence, and is an independent prognostic factor.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 02/2006; 9(1):26-30.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of transcription factor Sp1 in human gastric cancer tissues and normal gastric mucosa, and its prognostic significance. By using immunohistochemistry, we studied the Sp1 expression patterns in 65 cases of gastric cancer with various clinico-pathologic characteristics, and 40 normal gastric mucosa specimens obtained from patients who underwent partial gastrectomy for benign gastric diseases. The significance of Sp1 expression on the survival of patients was evaluated. The expression rate of Sp1 in normal gastric mucosa was 12.5% (5/40). The positively stained glandular cells were mainly limited to those in the neck region. Cells at the basal portion of the gland were essentially negative. In sharp contrast, Sp1 expression rate in gastric cancer lesions was 53.8% (35/65). The medium survival time in patients who had a tumor with negative, weak and strong Sp1 expression was 1700, 1560 and 1026 days, respectively (P = 0.036). Sp1 protein expression was closely related to the depth of tumor invasion and TNM stage (P = 0.001, P = 0.026), but not related to the number of metastatic lymph nodes and Lauren's classification (P = 0.306, P = 0.667). Normal and malignant gastric tissues have unique Sp1 expression patterns. Sp1 might be served as an independent prognostic factor.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 10/2005; 27(9):531-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and chemokine receptor CCR7 in gastric carcinoma and to investigate their associations with lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma and their values in predicting lymph node metastasis. The expression of VEGF-C and CCR7 in gastric carcinoma tissues obtained from 118 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy was examined by immunohistochemistry. Among these patients, 39 patients underwent multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) examination. VEGF-C and CCR7 were positively expressed in 52.5 and 53.4% of patients. VEGF-C expression was more frequently found in tumors with lymph node metastasis than those without it (P<0.001). VEGF-C expression was also closely related to lymphatic invasion (P<0.001), vascular invasion (P<0.01), and TNM stage (P<0.001). However, there was no significant correlation between VEGF-C expression and age at surgery, gender, tumor size, tumor location, Lauren classification, and depth of invasion. CCR7 expression was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastasis compared with those without lymph node metastasis (P<0.001) and was also associated with tumor size (P<0.01), depth of invasion (P<0.001), lymphatic invasion (P<0.001), and TNM stage (P<0.001). However, the presence of CCR7 had no correlation to age at surgery, gender, tumor location, Lauren classification, and vascular invasion. Among the 39 patients who underwent MSCT examination, only CCR7 expression was related to lymph node metastasis determined by MSCT (P<0.05). In the current retrospective study, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of VEGF-C and CCR7 expression in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis for patients with gastric carcinoma were 73.8%, 70.2%, 72.6%, 71.4% and 72.0%, and 82.0%, 77.2%, 79.4%, 80.0% and 79.7%, respectively. After subdivision according to the combination of VEGF-C and CCR7 expression, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the accuracy of the combined examination of VEGF-C and CCR7 expression in predicting lymph node metastasis was relatively high (area under ROC curve [Az]=0.83). The expression of VEGF-C and CCR7 is related to lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma and both of them may become new targets for the treatment of gastric carcinoma. Furthermore, the combined examination of VEGF-C and CCR7 expression in endoscopic biopsy specimens may be useful in predicting lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma and deciding the extent of surgical lymph node resection.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2004; 10(6):783-90. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the preoperative staging of early gastric carcinoma. EUS was performed in 149 gastric carcinoma patients proved by biopsy (including 33 patients with early gastric cancer), of which the results were compared with postoperative pathologic findings. The accuracy of EUS in determining the T stage of gastric carcinoma was 80.3% (T1 81.8%, T2 70.4%, T3 88.9%, T4 71.4%). The accuracy of EUS in differentiating early gastric carcinoma from advanced ones was 95.1%, and the accuracy of EUS in differentiating mucosal cancer from submucosal cancer was only 63.6%. The diagnostic accuracy of EUS for mucosal and submucosal cancer was 52.9% and 75%, with positive predictive value of 90% and 70.6%, respectively. The accuracy of invasion depth of EUS for the bulging and flat type of early gastric carcinoma was 100%, whereas the accuracy was only 58.6% for the depressed type. The accuracy of invasion depth of the differentiated and undifferentiated early cancer was 71.4%and 57.9%, without any significant difference (P > 0.05). The accuracy of invasion depth of EUS for early gastric carcinoma decreased as tumor size increased. The diagnostic accuracy of lymph node status of early gastric carcinoma by EUS was 90.9%, and the sensitivity and specificity of lymph node metastasis was 66.7% and 96.3%, respectively. The clinical value of endoscopic ultrasonography in the preoperative staging of early gastric carcinoma is relatively high.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 07/2003; 25(4):390-3.